Plant-based Nutrition  -  Fasting  
Optimizing Healing for Degenerative Diseases  

Superior Nutrition A to Z with Living Foods

This is a 30 day meditation from the book:
  (well actually it's longer then 30 days)

Superior Nutrition A to Z with Living Foods

Table of  Contents
A    -     Abortion & Growth Hormones  
B    -     Beef  
C    -     Cancer  
D    -     Degenerative Diseases 
E    -     Eating the Five Whites 
F    -     Fasting, Orange and Green 
G    -    Gluttony’s Sugar Blues  
H    -    Healing Food Addiction 
I    -     Individual-Oriented Diet 
J    -     Just Live Enzymes  
K    -    Keep a Balanced pH 
L    -    Living Foods 
M   -    Milk is for Cows! 
N    -    Natural Human Diet   
O    -    Optimum Health
P    -    Poultry Plus?  
Q   -    Questionable Fish? 
R   -     Reform Your Diet 
S    -    Sin, the Flesh and Diet 
T    -    Therapy thru Your Diet 
U    -    U and Our Environment
V    -   Vegetarianism 
W    -   Which Vegetarians? 
X    -   Xenobiotics - Detoxication 
Y    -    Your Lifestyle Choice  
Z    -    Zealous for Real Food  
27.   Signs of Superior Health 
28.   Categories of Scientific Proofs 
29.   Additional Dangers of Meat 
30.   Additional Dangers of Sugar 
31.   Poisons and Toxins in Processed Foods
32.   Diet Therapy and CAM  
33.   The Fasting of the Bible  
34    The Vegetarianism of the Old Testament  
35.   The Vegetarianism of Jesus and the Essenes  
36.   The Vegetarianism of James the Apostle 
37.   The Vegetarianism of the Early Christians
38.   The Vegetarian Physician - Jesus Christ 
39.   The Virgin Mary’s Vegetarian Orientation 
40.   A Mystic on Jesus & Mary’s Vegetarianism 


  A  -  Abortion & Growth Hormones   

 Growth hormones for animals were introduced in the 1950's.  PMS (pre-menstrual syndrome) became part of medical terminology in the 50's.  These growth hormones allowed a chicken to be ready for market in six weeks rather than the sixteen weeks needed without the growth hormones added to their feed. 

 Growth hormones in meat are made of synthetic estrogen, similar to a hormone that is naturally produced in small amounts in a woman’s body.  Synthetic estrogen has been found to cause numerous problems, including cancer and emotional imbalances.  Estrogen is the hormone, in its natural form that God designed females to start producing in their bodies at the age of about 16 to 17.  This is what initiates puberty.  This is the hormone that regulates a woman’s life and makes it possible for her to have children. This is the hormone that the body slowly stops producing after child-bearing years have ended. So, what happens when these hormones are added to the meat she eats?

 One of the most serious effects of these artificial growth hormones is what they are doing to young girls.  If you look at the age of puberty 50 years ago, its onset usually occurs between the ages 15 to 17.   Now look at the age of a young girl starting her menstrual cycle today and you will find it to be at age 11, 12 or 13 and sometimes earlier.  And along with menses come the female hormones and sex urges, most people would agree that this is really too young to be having sex and children.

  Betty Kamen, Ph.D., writes: “A mounting body of evidence suggests that other sources of estrogen contribute to the background level of carcinogens in our food environment.  Milk, commercial eggs and other dairy products often have traces of estrogen.  Most commercial grade meat [especially chicken] is laced with it.  Birth
control pills are based on it...”    

 Professor Richard Schwartz, Ph.D., writes about vegetarianism and Judaism.  In one article on “Vegetarianism - It’s Pro Life”, he notes:  “A shift toward vegetarianism would also reduce the number of abortions.  Several studies have indicated that about 130 years ago, girls in wealthy countries reached puberty at an average age of 17 years.  With the steady increase of the consumption of animal products, along with increasing amounts of hormones and other additives in our diets, this age has steadily decreased until today it is an average of about 12 years.  Researchers at Duke University indicate that about half of the girls in America begin breast development and/or development of public hair by age nine, yet they are emotionally immature. 

 The hypothesis that this major shift in the age of puberty is related to meat/dairy-centered diets is supported by the fact that in China where most people live on plant-centered diets, the age of puberty is still between 15 and 19 years; in contrast, the daughters and grand-daughters of Chinese women raised in the United States have the same early onset of puberty as other American girls.  This shift in the age of puberty has led to a crushing burden of illegitimate births, with many of these illegitimate pregnancies resulting  in abortions.”     Also In the US about 25 percent of conceptions end in intrauterine
death.     Extra    

 “Food, of course cannot bring us in touch with God: we lose nothing if we refuse to eat, we gain nothing if we eat. Take care, however, lest in exercising your right you become an occasion of sin to the weak.”  “Therefore, if food causes my brother [or sister] to sin I will never eat meat again, so that I may not be an occasion of sin to him [her].”  1 Cor. 8:8,9,13  

    B    -    Beef      

 The medical journal Lancet reports: “Formerly, vegetable proteins were classified as second-class, and regarded as inferior to first-class proteins of animal origin, but this distinction has now been generally discarded.”     The Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences notes: “Pure vegetarians from many populations of the world have maintained... excellent health.” 
 About half of the 31 million pounds of antibiotics produced every year in the U.S. goes into animal feed to make them fatter.  “Because of health concerns over antibiotic-resistant bacteria, several European countries banned the use of antibiotics in animal feed in the 1970's.  Our government is still dragging its feet due to money, power and politics.”  
 Not only the food the animal eats affects us but studies have shown that stress on the animal causes biochemical changes: “This metabolic responsiveness to stress alters its composition and thus can not fail to affect its nature as meat.”  Thus we become part of what we eat including the stress.  
 Studies are consistently showing that high protein consumption also means higher rates of cancer development.  “T. Colin Campbell, a Professor of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University and the senior science advisor to the American Institute for Cancer Research, says there is ‘a strong correlation between dietary protein intake and cancer of the breast, prostate, pancreas and colon.’”  Likewise, Myron Winick, director of Columbia University’s Institute of Human Nutrition, has found strong evidence of  “a relationship between high-protein diets and cancer of the colon.’   In Your Health, Your Choice, Dr. Morter writes, “The paradox of protein is that it is not only essential but also potentially health-destroying.  Adequate amounts are vital  keeping your cells hale and hearty and on the job; but unrelenting consumption of excess dietary protein congests your cells and forces the pH of your life-sustaining
fluids down to cell-stifling, disease-producing levels.  Cells overburdened with protein become toxic.”     

 Two journal studies showed that excess protein can cause a fluid imbalance and result in kidney damage.  “The liver and kidneys are the organs called upon to change excess protein, and too much work puts a strain on them.  Because of this extra work the body heat level is raised and the fluid balance is upset.   A continued excess may result in damage to the kidneys.”  
 “About 75 percent of the ninety million beef cattle in America are routinely given feed that has been ‘enriched’ with rendered animal parts.  The use of animal excrement in feed is common as well, as livestock operators have found it to be an efficient way of disposing of a portion of the 1.6 million tons of livestock wastes generated annually by their industry.  If you are a meat-eater, understand that this is the food of your food.”  
 Mad Cow disease or ‘BSE’ or CJD the human equivalent (which turns the brain to mush) is because of animals eating other animals put in their feed.  The disease has been found in 20 different animals and 12 or more countries. The  disease is impervious to high temperatures (680 degrees F), drying and freezing, most disinfectants, and radiation.    The incubation period takes two to eight years in a cow before the cow shows any signs of having it.     CJD is very similar to Alzheimer’s   and one report found 50 out of 66 Alzheimer’s patients with CJD.   Like HIV it can be transmitted through milk.    These diseases are fatal, and found in meats.   
 The early Jewish Scriptures and lifestyle emphasized kindness to animals: “And you shall walk in His ways.”  Deut 28.9    “Thou shall not kill.”  Ex 20.13   “His (Yahweh’s) compassion is over all His creatures.”  Ps 145.9 Extra   

    C   -   Cancer     
 Researchers have been investigating what lifestyle produces higher rates of cancer and in the prestigious Advances in Cancer Research, they state: “At present, we have overwhelming evidence... that none of the risk factors for cancer is... more significant than diet and nutrition.” 

 The Deputy Director of the National Cancer Institute’s Division of Cancer Cause and Prevention told the Senate Select Committee,  “The dietary factors responsible (for causing cancer) are principally meat and fat intake.”     A twenty year university study of 6,500 men, “found that those who consumed large amounts of meat, cheese, eggs and milk had 3.6 times the incidence of prostate cancer as men who ate those foods sparingly, or not at all.” 

 “The Federal Trade Commission wanted an impartial expert witness to assist their efforts in determining  whether the same diets that cause heart disease could also cause cancer.  They called in a nutritional scientist from Harvard Universtiy, Dr. Mark Hegstead. He testified:  ‘I think it is clear that the American diet is indicated as a cause of coronary heart disease.  And it is pertinent, I think, to point out the same diet is now found guilty in terms of many forms of cancer: breast cancer, cancer of the colon, and others...’ ” 

 The meat industry and others are emphasizing the need to eat more and more protein.  A 30% increase in protein consumption is worth about 3 billion a year to the meat industry.  “It is important to recall that current experiments suggest that excess protein can be damaging to the kidneys.     Other studies suggest that diets high in animal protein increase one’s risk of kidney stones    and gallstones.    Moreover, the extra ammonia that results from the breakdown of excess protein has even been thought to hasten cell proliferation and to contribute to the development of malignant growths.” 

 “Researchers were finding that the incidence of colon cancer
was high in precisely those regions where meat consumption was high, and low where meat consumption was low.  It was found, in fact, that there is not a single population in the world with a high meat intake which does not have a high rate of colon cancer.”    Extra

 “Despite assurances from the F.D.A. and the meat and drug industries that the use of drugs in the production of livestock poses no health problems, evidence exists to the contrary.  ‘We cannot wait for decades of hazardous exposure to continue before evidence in man is obtained,’ warns Umberto Saffioti, a cancer researcher at the National Institute of Health.  Dr. E. Boyland, another leading cancer researcher, states that ‘not more that a 5 percent of human cancer is due to viruses and less than 5 percent to radiation.  Some 90 percent of cancer in humans is therefore due to chemicals.”     Extra

 Pancreatic enzymes are active to break down tumor tissues. When people have adequate pancreatic enzymes, they cannot develop cancer because the pancreatic enzymes recognize and digest malignant tissue as foreign tissue.  But when people eat meat and animal protein the pancreatic enzymes are depleted in the digestion of these meats, then there’s nothing left to protect you.  Also when the pH is acidic cancer grows, meat and junk foods make the pH acidic, while produce makes it alkaline. 

 Three times a day the Jews would recite the Shelma:
“The Lord is our God, the Lord alone!  Therefore, you shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength (body).”     Deut 6.5; Lk 10:25

    D   -   Degenerative Diseases

 When a review of the literature is done there are more than enough published articles in major research Journals to show that degenerative diseases are caused by the intake of meat, dairy, egg products and cooked foods.  Also cooking meat creates mutagens which alter the DNA of a cell increasing the risk of cancer and other degenerative diseases.  Following are a few of the many studies on disease and the vegetarian diet.

 “Scientific data suggest positive relationships between a vegetarian diet and reduced risk for several chronic degenerative diseases and conditions, including obesity, coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and some types of cancer.”  Journal of the American Dietetic Association 

  “Vegetarians often have lower mortality rates from several chronic degenerative diseases than do non-vegetarians.”  British Medical Journal 
 In the Journal of Clinical Nutrition, it found that by age 65, the measurable bone loss of meat-eaters was five to six times worse than of vegetarians.  And in the Medical Tribune it found that vegetarians have “significantly stronger bones.” 

 A major study in the Journal of Clinical Nutrition,
 found that by the age of 65:
Male vegetarians had an average measurable bone loss of 3%
Male meat-eaters had an average measurable bone loss of 7%
Female vegetarians had an average measurable bone loss of 18%
Female meat-eaters had an average measurable bone loss of 35%

 “Even the most conservative medical investigators no longer deny the connection between excess protein and osteoporosis.  In a report published in Lancet, Drs. Aaron Watchman and Daniel Bernstein commented on work sponsored by the United States
Department of Health and Harvard University.  They called the association of meat-based diets with the increasing incidence of osteoporosis ‘inescapable.’”  

 At the Wayne State University Medical School they put six rheumatoid arthritis patients on a fat-free diet.  “The results were startling.  In seven weeks, all of the subjects showed total disappearance of their symptoms.  When fats were reintroduced into their diets, it took only three days for the symptoms to reappear.”       Extra

 Some believe that too much grain food (cereals) burden the digestion, cause acidosis and impure blood, the chief factors in skin disorders, arthritis, cancer and other metabolic problems.   “Some doctors, who had spent their entire careers in the study of degenerative diseases, were specifically opposed to the use of cereals as suitable foods in the human diet.”     Thus minimal usage of grains is recommended by many experts.

 “Studies conducted by Dr. Frederick Stare of Harvard and Dr. Mervyn G. Hardinge, now dean of Loma Linda (California) School of Health, confirm that vegetarians have consistently lower levels of serum cholesterol than do meat eaters.”     High levels are a factor in degenerative diseases. 

 Studies have shown that prostrate cancer is highly correlated to fat consumption.    World wide patterns of different countries have been found that the higher the fat consumption, the higher the prostate cancer death rates.   
 “Osteoporosis is caused by a number of things, one of the most important being too much dietary protein.”  Science 
   “If anybody should destroy the temple of God, God will destroy him, because the temple of God is sacred, and you are that temple.”   1 Cor 3.17 

    E   -   Eating the Five Whites

 There are five categories of “white foods” that need to be avoided.  First - refined sugar, which is actually a drug.  Second is dairy that is pasteurized (heating to 160 degrees or higher).  Third is salt, which is needed in the body in a natural organic form, not the inorganic table salt usually sold.  (Most vegetables like celery, contain salt in its organic form.)  Fourth is white flour which has all the good substances (bran and germ) taken out during processing.  Fifth is all carbonated beverages.  A sixth would be red meat.  The six whites all have three things in common: 1. No fiber in any of these products; 2. Cooking and processing gives them little if any nutrients; 3. They become toxic and drug- like in their effects.

 A seventh thing that needs to be avoided is the use of chemicals in foods has soared from 419 million pounds in 1955 to more than 800 million today.  Each of us eats more than three pounds of food additives a year.    Added to the intentional and unintentional chemicals in our foods are the chemicals we ingest as medicines.  Americans are the most medicated people in the world.  Every year we swallow 37 billion doses of therapeutic pills, powders, capsules, and elixirs.     No one knows what the synergistic effect of combinations of pesticides, food additives and medicines may have when mixed together.

 In addition to the foods we eat and the medicines we take, we fill the sky with 130 tons of noxious chemicals... carbon monoxides, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, and particulates.  Persons living in New York may inhale the equivalent of 730 pounds of chemicals a year.     

 At least 25 percent of conceptions in the United States end in intrauterine death.    Is it a coincidence that traces of pesticides have been found in the tissues of stillborn and unborn human babies in the United States?  In some cases the concentration of pesticides in the fetus was almost as high as those of the mother or of young adults of
comparable age. 

 Dr. James Crow, of the University of Wisconsin, Chief of the National Institutes of Health’s Genetic Study Section, said that exposure of large numbers of people to a chemical mutagen could cause a “genetic emergency” or even a “genetic disaster.” ...progressing from generation to generation.        Extra 
 A good example of what highly refined foods like sugar,   flour and food additives can do to a person or a culture is noted by Dr. Rex Russell, M.D.  This example is similar to what has happened in the U.S. where diabetes and obesity are the two major medical problems.   “Adult onset diabetes seems to be caused by eating refined and toxic foods and by a low physical activity level.  One good example of this can be seen on the island of Nauru in the Pacific Ocean, where the economy once afforded the natives few luxuries.  They raised most of their own foods on the island, and had few delicacies.  They were generally healthy people and only one small hospital served the entire population.  Their lives changed when phosphorus was found in great quantities on the island.  That discovery transformed the island’s inhabitants into extremely wealthy people.  They began to import much of the world’s refined delicacies.  Within 30 years after this lifestyle change, a 30 percent occurrence of adult onset diabetes developed.  No measurable diabetes had been known previously.  Now after 40 years, 65 percent of the adult population has diabetes.”   
 “When you sit down to dine with a ruler, keep in mind who is before you; And put a knife to your throat if you have a ravenous appetite.  Do not desire his delicacies; they are deceitful food.”  Pr 23.1-3      “Let not my heart be drawn to what is evil, to take part in wicked deeds with men who are evildoers; let me not eat of their delicacies.”   Ps 141:4 

    F  -  Fasting , Orange and Green 

 Fasting has a physical, a psychological and a spiritual orientation.  And there are two kinds of fasting: water fasting and juice fasting.  Juice fasting is usually best done with carrots, which are ‘Orange’ and celery or other vegetables which are ‘Green’.  Both fruits and vegetables can be used on a juice fast. 

 Fasting is one of the best ways to get rid of poisons, toxins, pesticides, waxes and other synthetic chemicals that can be found in the food we eat.  Other chemicals can have toxic effects on the body such as cleaning compounds, detergents, insecticides, gasoline, etc.  Fasting catabolizes the dead, diseased and pesticide-ridden cells and flushes them out of the body.  Fasting is the best way to get rid of pesticides and other poisons and toxins.  These get lodged in our cells and eventually cause cancer and other diseases.  During a fast the body first burns up the cells which are dead, aged, damaged and diseased tissues, tumors and fat deposits.  Catabolism during fasting gets rid of the inferior cells and keeps the essential ones.  
A few of the many reasons why people need to fast: 
1.   Fasting is a quick way to lose weight.
2.   Fasting burns up all the diseased and inferior tissues. 
3.   Fasting will lead to a more disciplined diet and eating habits.
4.   Fasting tones up the flesh to make you look younger.
5.   Fasting is perhaps the best method of cleansing the body.
6.   Fasting helps build the immune system and nervous system.
7.   Fasting can help reduce high blood pressure.
8.   Fasting is a way to rid the body of poisons in the body.
9.   Fasting can help clean out the toxins of air pollution. 
10.  Fasting is good to build endurance for athletes.
11.  Fasting can be used to treat physical illness.
12.  Fasting can be used to treat mental illnesses. 
13.  Fasting can help break bad habits, like smoking or drinking. 
14.  Fasting and prayer can help cast out sin and an evil spirit.
15.  Fasting is found in all the world’s religions.
16.  Fasting is encouraged and practiced in the Bible. 
17.  Fasting is a requirement by Catholics and Orthodox.
18.  Fasting can be a silent protest for world hunger.
19.  Fasting can help reduce the desires of the flesh.
20.  Fasting can help people live longer, healthier lives.

 A fasting day once a week is recommended by most health experts.  And a seven day fast at least once a year is also recommended by most fasting experts.  A seven-day fast on water only or on juices only has been the standard fast for most people around the world for thousands of years.  A seven-day fast is perfectly safe and is very healthy for the body. 

 The two schools of thought have been debating for many decades on which is better, the water fast or the juice fast.  But both work and have been used by health clinic’s around the world in the last century to aid in the healing process of many types of disease and illness: body, soul and spirit.

 As Christians, it is part of our life, it is not an option. 
If Moses, who beheld God, (on Sinai) and St. Paul, the divine apostle (Act 9:9) fasted, so must we.  If the Ninevites fasted (Jona 3:5), and this included all their children plus their ‘senior’ citizens, so we must.   If the Church Fathers and the Saints expect us to fast, so, must we.  Finally, if Jesus Himself fasted and was hungry (Lk 4:2), who are we to introduce a ‘new improved and fast-free’ spirituality?

 Fasting is found throughout the Bible and was a major part of the faith.  “He (Jesus) fasted for forty days and forty nights, after which he was very hungry.”  Mt 4:2    Afterwards, “Jesus, returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee.”  Lk 4:14   Jesus gave an admonition telling people to fast: “Moreover, when you fast...”  Mt 6:16   At the death of Saul, “they fasted for seven days.”  1 Ch 10:12, 1 Sam 31:13.       Extra 

    G   -   Gluttony’s Sugar Blues
 The seven capital sins are: pride, avarice, envy, wrath, lust, gluttony and sloth.  Fasting and a Living Veggie diet will help heal all of these seven, especially gluttony’s sugar blues. 

 Sugar is absorbed into the blood stream in minutes giving a rush of “quick energy”.  It raises the blood sugar but a short time later the sugar is used up and low blood sugar symptoms occur.  Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) often produces fatigue, headaches, dizziness, and irritability and a desire for something sweet which starts the process all over again.  This could be appropriately called, “Sugar Blues.”   

 In the book Sugar Blues, William Dufty’s research exposes refined sugar as a killer in a persons diet.  Like opium, morphine or heroin, sugar is an addictive, destructive drug.  And sugar is big money, the major companies and foundations influence the public on this subject.  The biggest sugar customer in this country is the food processing industry and number two is, would you believe, the tobacco industry!   Sugar is a way of “sweet slow suicide.”                                    
 Obesity and Diabetes are the two greatest health problems in America today and are at epidemic proportions.   They are both the result of Gluttony’s Sugar Blues.  Sugar is eight times as concentrated as flour, and eight times as unnatural - perhaps eight times as dangerous.  It is the unnaturalness that deceives the tongue and appetite, leading to over-consumption.  Who would eat 2 ½  pounds of sugar beets a day?  Yet the equivalent in sugar is a mere 5 ounces.  Over-consumption produces diabetes, obesity, and coronary thrombosis, among other things.  Soda has a high content of acid and sugar.
 Dr. Norman Walker points out that: “White sugar is 4200% more concentrated than carrot juice and 4600% more concentrated
than celery juice.”      Sugar is an addictive drug and the average person eats around 30 to 50 teaspoons a day of sugar in all the different foods that they eat.  One can of soda contains about 11 teaspoons of sugar.  This can start to short circuit the immune system as sugar is an immune system suppressant.   In the U.S. the incidence of diabetes has increased proportionately with the per capita consumption of sugar

 Studies on vegetarians have repeatedly shown that vegetarians suffer less from obesity than the rest of the (non-vegetarian) population.  One study found a sample of total vegetarians to weigh an average of 10 pounds less than the rest of the population.     Another study suggested that they weighed 30 pounds less.    Yet a third study found that a group of total vegetarians had 30% less body fat than the non-vegetarian population. 

 A high-carbohydrate, high fiber diet will either be  vegetarian or very close to it.  “In one study 20 lean diabetics - all of whom were on insulin therapy - were put on a diet which had 70% of the calories as carbohydrates and was also very high in fiber.  After only 16 days, of the 10 patients who were getting less than 20 units of insulin per day, 9 were able to discontinue the use of insulin therapy altogether!  Other studies have yielded the same remarkable results.”    

 Indians in Natal, South Africa, consume nine times the amount of sugar that Indians in India consume, and the former have suffered a veritable explosion of diabetes - it is believed to be the highest anywhere in the world.   Emphasis of public health programs should shift from detection of sugar disease to preventive nutrition - principally, the substitution of natural carbohydrates for refined ones.”         
“My point is that you should live in accordance with the spirit and you will not yield to the cravings of the flesh.”   Gal 6.16 

 H   -  Healing Your Food Addiction
 In approaching the Living Foods world of raw vegetarians one of the biggest problems is food addiction.  This addiction usually occurs on three levels: the physiological level, the psychological level and the social level.    
 The physiological issues are probably not as problematic as the psychological and social ones (mental and emotional).  Initial resistance to a vegetarian diet, especially a raw one, may be strong.  People tend to be very attached to their food habits and preferences.  For example: for people raised in an ethnic tradition, food is often an important part of ethnic identity, or for people raised in families where food was a main form of love-giving, food habits have the strong component of seeming to satisfy a need for love, and so on.  It is perhaps not going too far to say that people tend to be addicted to their eating habits.  Also many of the additives present in the food, are designed to be addictive, and people may experience the same resistance to change as people in other addictive patterns. 

 In order to counter this deep-seated and emotional tendency to resist change some kind of steps can be helpful.  One of the most successful programs in the world for addictions is the 12 Step program of Alcoholics Anonymous.   Here are the first six steps of how to end one’s cooked food addiction by the nationally known Raw Chef and Teacher, Victoria Boutenko.     The next six of the 12 steps are in the endnotes.     Extra 

 Step one - “I admit that I have lost control of my addiction to cooked food and my eating is becoming unmanageable.”  By admitting that, “Yes I am addicted to cooked food,” it creates a relief, gives me strength to deal with it and power to know yourself.  When we do admit that we have a problem then we can start fixing the problem. 

 Step two - “I believe that live vegan food is the most natural
diet for a human being.”  As this book and other books of research have proven a vegetarian diet is healthier then a meat based diet, a vegan diet is healthier still then a vegetarian diet, and a Living Foods diet is optimal for health.

 Step three - “I shall gain necessary skills, learn basic raw recipes and obtain equipment to prepare live food.”   (There is some learning necessary, some new recipes and acquiring some equipment for living foods prep.)  “You’re not going to turn into a raw chef just by watching, just as you cannot turn into a good swimmer by watching Olympic swimmers.”

 Step four - “I shall live in harmony with people who eat cooked food.”  Concentrate on trying to change and control yourself and not the world.  Instead of telling others they are not eating right, or meeting your expectations, or trying to prove scientifically that you’re right, decide to let others make the choice for themselves and ask for their support for you.  
 Step Five - “I shall stay away from temptations.”  There are two kinds of temptation, avoidable and unavoidable.   Just like you admitted that you were addicted to cooked foods you need to admit that these are temptations.   Write them down if it helps.   Admitting this to yourself will help.   
 Step Six - “I shall create support for myself.”  It is good to find a ‘raw buddy’ or others supportive of your new found dietary lifestyle.  Lone rangers usually don’t last, while staying raw with support is fun and easy.  And support reinforces our choices and helps us to see our actions in a clearer light. 

“I have learned how to cope with every circumstance - how to eat well or go hungry, to be well provided for or do without.”  Phil 4.12     “Be on guard and pray that you may not be put to the test.  The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.”  Mk 14:38 

    I   -  Individual-Oriented Diet

 Food can be viewed as a drug and thus a very powerful influence which controls the body chemistry.  Diet can and does have hormonal effects on the body.  Modern medicine often uses this approach but we need to let nature be in control of our biochemistry in order for it to heal naturally with our unique individual-oriented emphasis on diet.  Everybody is somewhat different.  The body has the ability to fight off diseases and heal injuries on its own when it is in optimum, perfect health.  This is the first type of healing an; All Natural Individual approach.  The next two types of healing are explained below. 

 Dr. Sidney Baker, M.D., gives a good definition of the kind of medical approach that a healing diet emphasizes in  ‘individual-oriented medicine’.   “There is only one immunology and only one biochemistry.  There are, however, two camps in medicine.   Disease-oriented medicine and individual-oriented medicine (Dr. Galland’s ‘patient-centered diagnosis’ or Dr. Jeffrey Bland’s ‘functional medicine’ are other terms for this approach.) do not differ on the current facts of biochemistry and immunology.  The difference is entirely one of orientation.  Disease-oriented medicine is directed to finding the generalized formulas from treating groups of people who resemble one another in certain symptomatic respects.  Such an approach is indispensable to thoughtful medical practice.  The Individual-oriented medicine approach is to find everything possible that can be done to optimize the heath of a given unique individual.  Such an approach is also indispensable to thoughtful medical practice and it requires a disquieting degree of judgment to know what individual differences are significant enough to treat.  As I said earlier, if you do enough tests you can find something wrong with just about anyone.  This phrase goes to the core of the medical dichotomy.  In one camp is the attitude that whatever is found wrong must rise above individuality to join a pattern linked to a group of people who all have ‘the same thing.’   In the other camp is the attitude that an effort should be made to harmonize a patient’s chemistry when it is clearly abnormal even though the abnormality does not constitute a disease.”     Thus a Holistic Diet will help harmonize a person’s chemistry in order to optimize the health of that person. 

 In modern medicine the symptomatic approach is the most frequently used wherein relief is provided for the symptom,
which may not be the cause of the disease.  When drugs are used to heal the symptom, the problem eventually returns because the root of the problem is a faulty deficient diet. Whereas modern medicine emphasis is on pharmaceutical drugs, naturopaths and Holistic healers emphasize, nutrition, and other natural remedies.  This form of medicine is much less toxic.  Diet is often the last thing looked at but should be the first thing addressed.

 A healing diet does not emphasize a symptomatic approach since the nutrients in the foods heal and strengthen the whole body in order to be able to let the body’s immune system and other systems fight off and heal the disease or sickness.  But   meat, dairy, cooked food and other processed edibles will defeat the healing process and sabotage health and well being.

 The roots of human illness often originate in the human spirit and then advance into the human soul, and eventually grows into the human body as illness or disease.  If you root out disease from the body while the root of disease is still in the human soul (psychological) then the disease will eventually return to the body.  If you root out the disease from the body,  and the soul but there is still sin in the human spirit, disease could eventually grow back into the soul and then into the body.  Thus healing needs to be in our whole being; body-soul-spirit. “May the God of peace make you perfect and holy.  May He preserve you whole and entire, spirit, soul and body, irreproachable for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.1Th5.23

J   -  Just Live Enzymes   
 When the Pyramid diet was developed it cost a million dollars in research and discussion.  Milk and dairy were put at the very top of the pyramid.  The Dairy industry objected but the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had decided that is were it belongs.  The Dairy industry went to congress and forced the FDA to put milk and dairy products in their own category.  The pyramid diet posters were even printed and ready to be sent out  and had to be thrown away and replaced with the dictates of congress because of the dairy industry.
 Some people may ask if the American Dietetic Association approves of a vegetarian diet, and the answer is, ‘yes’.   The American Dietetic Association is the main professional association of registered dietitians.  In 1988, a position paper was issued by the American Dietetic Association:

 “A considerable body of scientific data suggests positive relationships between vegetarian lifestyles and risk reduction for several chronic degenerative diseases and conditions, such as obesity, coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, colon cancer, and others... Vegetarians also have lower rates of osteoporosis, lung cancer, breast cancer, kidney stones, gallstones, and diverticular disease.

 “Although vegetarian diets usually meet or exceed requirements for protein, they typically provide less protein than non-vegetarian diets.  This lower protein intake may be beneficial, however, and may be associated with lower risk of osteoporosis in vegetarians and improved kidney function in individuals with prior kidney damage.  Further, a lower protein intake generally translates into a lower fat diet, with its inherent advantages, since foods high in protein are frequently also high in fat.  It is the position of The American Dietetic Association that vegetarian diets are healthful and nutritionally adequate when appropriately planned.” 

 Dr. Edward Howell in his book, Enzyme Nutrition, points out that, “Hundreds of metabolic enzymes are necessary to carry on the work of the body - to repair damage and decay, and heal diseases.  Digestive enzymes have only three main jobs: digesting protein, carbohydrate, and fat.  Proteases are enzymes that digest protein; amylases digest carbohydrate, and lipases digest fat.  Nature’s plan calls for food enzymes to help with digestion instead of forcing the body’s digestive enzymes to carry the whole load.”                                 Extra

 “To get enzymes from food, one must eat raw food.  All life, whether plant or animal, requires the presence of enzymes to keep it going.  Therefore, all plant and animal food in the raw state has them.  But the mere touch of heat destroys them.  Enzymes tolerate no heat at all.  They are different from vitamins in this respect.  Pasteurization destroys the life force in them, even though much less heat is used than in cooking (145 degrees F versus 300 degrees F or higher).  If water is hot enough to feel uncomfortable to the hand, it will injure enzymes in food. All foods from a food factory have been heat processed by one means or another.”       Cooking destroys enzymes!

 God has a perfect plan for our life - His Natural Ways for our health include diet.  There is God’s Way to Health and there is the world’s ways.  We need to avoid the world’s dietary habits and sins in favor of God’s plans for our dietary needs.  God’s Will for our lives is: God Wants You Well! 

 “I brought you to a fertile land to eat of the choicest fruit.  As soon as you came you defiled my land and dishonored my heritage!”  Jer 2:7   “Do not follow the majority when they do evil...”  Ex 23:2   “The time of judgement has come and it begins with God’s household.”      1 Pt 4:17

    K   -  Keep a Balanced pH
 Distilled water is 7.0 pH and human milk is 7.43 pH which is the basis for man’s normal pH.  Thus our diet needs to be on the alkaline side of things to stay healthy.  But the Standard American Diet is highly acidic and works off the ‘extremes’ found mostly in animal food and plant derivatives.  
Cooking is a form of food processing and is generally more acid forming.  Raw foods are more alkalizing and cleansing for the body particularly after an extreme diet like the unhealthy Standard American Diet.  

 The homeostasis of the body seeks a 7.4 pH and other constant conditions such as a body temperature of 98.6 degrees F, certain glucose levels in the blood, certain amounts of body fluids etc.  A major example of the importance of a balanced pH is given by Dr. Sherry Rogers, when she discusses how cancer cells become like yeast cells with a low pH (very acidic);  “The normal pH of a cancer cell is 6.5, while a normal cell is 7.4.  As soon as the pH of a cancer cell reaches 7.0, it stops growing; a little higher and it starts dying.”     “According to Cell Society, by Dr. S. Okada, cancer cells grow well in a culture solution produced by the metabolic wastes of regular cells.  Since the metabolic waste material of regular cells is acidic, cancer cells, then, like this acidic condition.”  

 A Dr. Theodore A. Baroody, N.D., D.C., Ph.D. points out, that: “Unfortunately, waste acids that are not eliminated when they should be are reabsorbed from the colon into the liver and put back into general circulation.  They then deposit in the tissues.  It is these tissue residues that determine sickness or health!   Discover what tissue acid wastes are present and begin the process of alkalizing yourself, thus ridding them from the body.   The result will be superior health, energy and strength to enjoy life fully.  He further points out, “To replenish and sustain your alkaline reserves, follow the Rule of 80/20 – which means to eat 80% of your foods from the alkaline-forming list and 20% from the acid-forming list.  Research,
clinical experience, and the knowledge of the ‘greats’ in nutrition, have re-confirmed this ideal ratio of 80/20%.”                             Extra

 Dr. Robert Young PhD. in his book, Sick and Tired Reclaim Your Inner Terrain, explains pH in the role of health and healing.   “Most people today understand environmental pollution and how it sickens the Earth: we live off the planet and pollute it with waste.  Well, illness is basically the same thing.  These morbidly evolved organisms are literally eating us alive and polluting us.  The thing is, we pollute ourselves first, thus creating the one physiological disease: pH imbalance/toxicity in our terrain.  Toxins and an acid-forming diet disrupt body chemistry, and this loss of balance (i.e., dis-ease) in turn disturbs the central balance of the microzyma.  Nutritional deficiencies can have the same effect, but can also be created by acidification: the evolution of microzymas is into bacteria and ultimately into a yeast and fungus Y/F infestation.  Y/F can infest the blood and any cell or tissue, causing different symptoms. 

 “As more acid wastes back up and the body slowly stews in its own poisonous wastes, the acid begins to corrode veins, arteries, cells and tissues, leading to high valence cellular disorganization, which the medical community refers to as degenerative disease.”       “Normal body function and health require adequate alkaline reserves as well as the correct pH in tissues and blood.  A major means of ensuring these conditions is the proper dietary ratio of alkaline to acid foods.  A ratio of at least 80% to 20% - four parts alkaline to one part acid - is required (possibly 3 to 1 for a healthy person).  When the proper ratio is maintained, morbid microforms are discouraged.”   

 “God said, ‘See, I give you all the seed-bearing plants that are upon the whole earth, and all the trees with seed-bearing fruit; this shall be your food.”   Gn 1.29  

    L   -   Living Foods  

 Raw Living foods are Superior to Cooked foods.
Fresh, raw living foods contain all the nutrients necessary for good health, growth, maintenance and repair.
Living foods avoid the stimulant highs and depressant lows
     (sugar, coffee, tea, coke, rich foods, overeating, alcohol, etc.)
Living foods are easier to prepare and digest.
Living foods are much easier to clean up after.
Living foods help the body to achieve a normal weight.
Living foods restore the natural appestat (appetite control). 
Living foods do not cause or support degenerative diseases. 
Living foods help a person feel better and have more energy.
Living foods give the highest possible nutrient count per calorie.
Living foods allow a person to spend less time sleeping. 
Living foods eliminate bad breath, body odor and halitosis. 
Living foods cost less when it becomes a lifestyle.

 A well known study on natural foods-versus-cooked foods was a 10 year research project conducted by Dr. Francis M. Pottenger using 900 cats.  “His study was published in 1946 in the American Journal of Orthodontics and Oral Surgery.  Dr. Pottenger fed all 900 cats the same food, with the only difference being that one group received it raw, while the others received it cooked.  The results dramatically revealed the advantages of raw foods over a cooked diet.  Cats that were fed raw, living food produced healthy kittens year after year with no ill health or premature deaths.  But cats fed the same food, only cooked, developed heart disease, cancer, kidney and thyroid disease, pneumonia, paralysis, loss of teeth, arthritis, birthing difficulties, diminished sexual interest, diarrhea, irritability, liver problems and osteoporosis (the same diseases common in our human cooked-food culture).  The first generation of kittens from cats fed cooked food were sick and abnormal, the second generation were often born diseased or dead, and by the third generation, the mothers were sterile.” 
 Cooking, baking roasting, broiling, boiling and steaming
estroy from 30% to 90% of the nutrition in the food, resulting in a nutrient-deficient diet, the main cause of degenerative diseases.  100% of the enzymes are destroyed in cooking.  Minerals are lost when cooking, liquids (broth) are poured out.
      Cooked foods become so devitalized they take more energy than  they give and are difficult to digest.
      Cooked foods shorten our life span.
      Cooked foods cause far more build-up of toxins, a factor     suppressing the immune system and making the body more     susceptible to disease of all kinds.
      Cooked foods encourage over eating, resulting in weight gain.  Since they are nutrient-deficient, they leave the system still  hungering for and craving food.  
      Cooked foods falsely satisfy the taste and appetite but cause  abnormal cravings for sugar foods (candy, cakes, pies, ice creams, cookies, etc.)  Heavy meats, richly seasoned starches, such as breads with spreads, deep fat-fried potato and corn chips, french fries, spicy, rich grain and legume dishes also cause abnormal cravings.  After such a meal, the coffee drinker craves coffee, which over-stimulates the pancreas to produce more enzymes to digest all the heavy food.  

 On grocery shelves there sit more than 5,000 items processed from whole natural foods into empty edibles.   Some 65% of the American adult and 25% of children under 17 now live with chronic disease and medication.             Extra

 Heat is one of the main destroyers of nutrients in your food.  Enzymatic destruction begins at 116 degrees, vitamins lose potency at 130 degrees, and proteins become denatured above 161 degrees, Fahrenheit.  Dehydration of foods under 116 degrees preserves the nutrients. 
 “Brothers and Sisters: Christ will be magnified in my body, whether by life or death.  For me, life is Christ...”  Phil 1:20,21

    M    -    Milk is for Cows 

     Cows milk is for Cows.  It helps them grow to 1,500 lbs.!
 Dr. Frank A. Oski, M.D. Director, Department of Pediatrics, John Hopkins School of Medicine states:   “It is estimated that half the iron-deficiency in infants in the United States is primarily a result of cow’s milk inducing gastrointestinal bleeding.  This is a staggering figure when one realizes that approximately 15 to 20 percent of all children under the age of two in this country suffer from iron-deficiency anemia.   The resultant iron-deficiency anemia makes the child irritable, apathetic, and inattentive.  The infant cries a great deal, the mother gives a bottle of milk to soothe him, and the condition continues to get worse.   

 “Diarrhea and cramps, gastrointestinal bleeding, iron-deficiency anemia, skin rashes, atherosclerosis, and acne.  These are disorders that have been linked to the drinking of whole cow milk.  So have recurrent ear infections and bronchitis.  Yes.  Leukemia, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and simple dental decay have also been proposed.  In one study on multiple sclerosis in the United States, they also studied twenty one other nations and the only significant link was between multiple sclerosis and average milk consumption.” 

 Another study found an apparent relationship between heavy milk drinking and anti-social behavior.  “It was found that the juvenile delinquents consumed almost ten times the amount of milk that was drunk by the control group.  Possibly the consumption of large quantities of milk produced some form of ‘protein intoxication’ that resulted in crime.  ‘Who knows what evil lurks in the minds (or stomachs) of men?’ ”      Dr. H.L. Newbold, a psychiatrist, has identified many patients in his practice whose insomnia, anxiety, or depression has been produced by foods.  The food most responsible for the symptoms in both adults and children is whole cow milk.” 

 In Robert Cohen’s book, Milk A-Z.  The book shows how
milk can be the cause of: allergies;  breast cancer; Crohn’s disease; diabetes; ear infections; fat; growth hormones; heart disease; iron deficiency; juvenile illnesses; killer bacteria; lactose intolerance; mad cow disease; nasal congestion; osteoporosis; pesticide intake; rheumatoid arthritis; sudden infant death; tuberculosis; uterine cancer; vitamin D problems; and zits.

 “Studies have suggested that bovine serum albumin is the milk protein responsible for the onset of diabetes.”     “These new studies, and more then 20 well-documented previous ones, have prompted one researcher to say the link between milk and juvenile diabetes is ‘very solid’.”  Diabetes Care    

 Lactose is a milk sugar and most adults lack the enzyme, lactase which breaks down lactose.  “An estimated 50 million Americans experience intestinal discomfort after consuming dairy products.  Symptoms include bloating, stomach pain, cramps, gas, or diarrhea.”   Postgraduate Medicine   
In the countries where dairy products are consumed the greatest (United States, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom) osteoporosis is found to be most common. 

 “Preference for a diet high in animal fat could be a pathogenic factor, and milk and high fat dairy products contribute considerably to dietary fat intake.”  Journal of the American College of Nutrition       “Milk and milk products gave the highest correlation coefficient to heart disease, while sugar, animal proteins and animal fats came in second, third and fourth, respectively.”     Medical Hypothesis - Survey of mortality rates in 24 countries.     Extra

 There is the prohibition against eating dairy products with red meat in Scripture: Ex 23.19, 34.26; Deut 14.21.   Also, whole milk has fat;  “Say to the Israelites: Do not eat of any of the fat of cattle, sheep or goats.”  Lev 7:23   

    N  -  Natural Human Diet

 The diet of an animal usually relates to its physiological structure.  There are meat eating animals and non-meat eating or vegetarian (grass and leaf) eating animals.  And there are a few animals like the apes that are fruit and nut eating animals.   Apes are the strongest animals on earth for their size.  A silver-back gorilla has 30 times the strength and only 3 times the size of man.  These gorillas “eat nothing but fruit and bamboo leaves and can turn your car over if they wanted to.”  

    A) Meat Eating Animals have:
1)  claws to rip flesh;
2)  no pores on the skin, perspire through tongue to cool body; 3)  sharp front canine teeth, no flat molar teeth;
4)  no flat back molar teeth;
5)  small salivary glands in the front of the mouth;
6)  acid saliva with no enzyme ptyalin;
7)  strong hydrochloric acid in the stomach to digest meat;
8)  smooth intestinal track 3 times the body length which helps pass decaying meat quickly.
9)  acidic urine from meat eating diet;
10)  liver enzymes to break down uric acid. 
    B) Vegetarian Animals, Apes and Humans have:
1)  no claws but hands with nails to pick and peel fruits;
2)  pores on skin to perspire;
3)  no sharp front canine teeth for tearing meat;
4)  flat, back molar teeth to grind food;
5)  well-developed salivary glands pre-digest grains and fruits;
6)  alkaline saliva with enzyme ptyalin to pre-digest grains;
7)  stomach acid about 20 times weaker than the meat
 eating animals;
8)  puckered intestinal track 10 times the body length for veggie animals and 12 times body length for apes and humans; 
9)  alkaline urine from veggie’s and fruits (average person)
10)  liver with a low tolerance for uric acid.  
 Animal intestines can handle the putrefying bacteria, high levels of fat and lack of fiber and intestinal acid since their intestines are designed for it.  “The digestion of meat itself produces strong carcinogenic substances in the colon thus meat-eaters must produce extensive bile acids in their intestines to digest the meat they eat, particularly deoxycholic acid.  This is extremely significant, because deoxycholic acid is converted by clostridia bacteria in our intestines into powerful carcinogens.  The fact that meat-eaters invariably have far more deoxycholic acid in their intestines than do vegetarians is one of the reasons they have so much higher rates of colon cancer.” 

 A paper presented to the American Heart Association council on atherosclerosis states: “Examination of the dental structure of modern man reveals that he possesses all of the features of a strictly herbivorous animal.  While designed to subsist on vegetarian foods, he has perverted his dietary to accept the food of the carnivore.  It is postulated that man cannot handle carnivorous food like the carnivore.  Herein may lie the basis for the high incidence of human atherosclerotic disease.”      Man has over 90% of his genetic structure similar to apes which eat fruits, nuts and leafy greens.

 “More prescriptions are written in this country for hypertension than for any other disease.”    “In countries where the intake of salt, fats and cholesterol is low (as is found with a vegetarian diet), hypertension is unknown.”   
 In 1 Corinthians there is a strong emphasis on the wholeness and holiness of the body.  “Your body, you know, is the temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you since you received him from God.”  1 Cor 6 19.  “That is how I run, intent on winning; that is how I fight, not beating the air.  I treat my body hard and make it obey me.”  1 Cor 9.26, 27.  “Whatever you eat, whatever you drink, whatever you do at all, do it for the glory of God.”  1 Cor 11.31.  

    O   -   Optimum Health

 Optimum Superior health come primarily from a superior or optimum dietary lifestyle!  Exercise, rest and other factors like stress are important but the key is your diet.  In the long run, it is diet that determines superior and optimum health!

 The average life expectancy in Hunza is between 85 and 90 years old and many live to be a healthy 110 to 125.  “The longest-lived populations in the world are accepted generally to be the people of Hunza in northern Pakistan, Vilcabamba in Ecuador, and Georgia in Russia.  An analysis of these people’s living habits carried out under the auspices of the National Geographic in 1971 by Dr. Alexander Leaf  [chief of medical services at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston] provided a good reason why they outlived people of the Western world.  The traditional diets of these long-lived (by our standards) people contained only half to two thirds the calories of the average American intake, about a quarter the amount of fat and half the protein. Their carbohydrate intake was about the same but was unprocessed instead of processed.  As well, these people got more outdoor exercise and were less subject to stress than Americans.”            Extra 

 “In Abkhazia, Dr. Leaf met a 130-year old woman still very active, in Hunza, he found a 110-year old man who did a full day’s work in the fields.   In Vilcabamba, he interviewed a 123-year old man who had retired as a hunter 50 years ago, and now was actively engaged in farming.  The factors mostly responsible for their long life are: 1) their total low-calorie diet, an average of 1900 calories a day, and 2) their predominantly vegetarian diet (only 1 percent of their protein intake come from animal sources).  Dr. Leaf says: ‘I returned from my travels  convinced that vigorous, active old age, free from debility and senility, is possible.’ ”    

 “The healthiest people in Latin America, with the longest life expectancy, are the Yucatan Indians, who never eat meat.
Vilcabamba inhabitants in Ecuador show the largest number of centenarians of any place in the world - 1098 for every 100,000 people!  According to Dr. Alexander Leaf, M.D., their average protein intake is 35-38 grams a day, and the total caloric intake is only 1200 to 1360 a day.  They are almost 100 percent vegetarians.”     This superior health is also enjoyed by world class athletes whose diets are partially or totally vegetarian.    

 About 70% of our energy goes into digesting food.  Raw Fooders sleep an average of 2 to 3 hours less than they were accustomed to, that is 14 to 21 hours a week saved!  Long term raw fooders, over ten years, usually need only 3 to 5 hours sleep.  Most people on Living foods claim they have more energy, endurance and alertness, and they have little to no body odor.   In addition most people into living/raw foods get bitten by mosquitoes very seldom or not at all!      Extra  

 Many other claims of superior health could be made, especially the lack of illness and degenerative diseases: vegans have 77% less degenerative diseases than the average American and vegetarians have 55% less.  Raw/Live Fooders have even less illness and disease because they don’t cook the food, thereby destroying the enzymes, as well as many vitamins and nutrients.  Most raw fooders never get seriously sick.

 The  strongest animal in the world, pound for pound, is the gorilla.  He is a raw vegetarian!  All the biggest and strongest animals - the elephant, the buffalo, the horse, etc. are raw vegetarians.  Animals in the wild do not cook their food and most won’t eat man’s cooked foods, which makes them sick. 

“Do not conform yourselves to this age but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, so that you may judge what is God’s will, what is good, pleasing and perfect.”  Rom 12:2 

    P    -   Poultry Plus?

 Animals are given antibiotic-laced feeds to help make them fatter and not just because they may be sick.  About half of the 31 million pounds of antibiotics produced every year in the U.S. goes into animal feed.  About 80% of the poultry and 75% of the pigs get antibiotics to make them bigger.  “Because of health concerns over antibiotic-resistant bacteria, several European countries banned the use of antibiotics in animal feed in the 1970's.  Our government is still dragging its feet due to money, power and politics, not science!  Besides penicillin and tetracycline in meat, you also can get nitrofurazone (and other nitrofurans), and sulfamethazine (along with other sulfa drugs).  These can increase the risk of cancer.”  

 Of the major types of disease-causing bacteria and parasites found in food, nearly all have been found in meat or poultry.   “Poultry in America is commonly contaminated with salmonella.  The USDA says that about one-third of raw chickens are contaminated with salmonella.  But some unbiased experts say 50 to 90 percent of poultry leaving the plant are contaminated.  In 1990, the University of Wisconsin screened over 2,300 laying hens from three flocks.  They found only eight birds that were not infected with campylobacter, another “bug” that causes food poisoning.”   

 “Poultry seems particularly prone to contamination with campylobacters;  80% of chickens and 90% of turkeys carried through a typical slaughterhouse produced positive cultures for it.      Complete cooking can kill most of these microbes and bacteria that are found in poultry.  But campylobacters survive freezing and “chicken that appears pink and underdone is the most likely source of infection.”    Thus sandwiches and salads that have chicken and turkey meat without being cooked properly should be avoided.  

 Inspectors inspect chickens at a rate of one every two seconds or so, as they speed by the inspectors on hooks.  But these inspections do not detect bacterial, antibiotic or other chemicals or toxin
contamination.  The USDA only uses tests that detect about 40 of the 227 different pesticides used on meat.
 “Before 1950, antibiotics were not used but today chickens have a steady supply of sulfa drugs, hormones, antibiotics and nitrofurans.  Veterinary drugs are used on every food-producing animal and many of these thousands of new drugs have not been tested.  Over 90% of the chickens today are fed arsenic compounds.”    One of the dyes injected into chickens is used so that their meat and yolks will appear to be a “healthy looking” yellow.  

 “You may wonder whether you’d be better off eating turkey.  Sorry, but the methods applied to the factory production of poultry and eggs are also applied to other birds, such as turkeys, geese and ducks.  All these birds are treated with equal disdain for their natural urges and needs, and equal fixation on using them for profit.  They are debeaked, stuffed in wire cages, and fed the same sort of unnatural diet as chickens, complete with chemicals, drugs, and antibiotics.”            Extra
 The meat of poultry is the same muscle fiber as the meat of beef and has the same acidity.   Stay away from beef but if for some reason you have to eat poultry, eat organic poultry, free range, which does not have these hormones and chemicals.

 “Brothers, I do not think of myself as having reached the finish line.  I give no thought to what lies behind but push on to what is ahead.  My entire attention is on the finish line as I run toward the prize to which God calls me - life on high in Christ Jesus.  All of us who are spiritually mature must have this attitude.”                                                                         Phil 3.13-15 

    Q   -   Questionable Fish? 

 A century ago fish was a healthy source of food but today eating fish is questionable and problematic because of the mercury, chemicals and heavy metals from pollution.  However, fish is a much healthier food to eat then beef and poultry.  But there is a good side and bad side to eating fish.
 An important study was written up in a Scandinavian medical journal which compared Greenlanders to their counterparts in Denmark, both of which have the same Nordic background and similar genetic makeup.  The diets were very similar but Greenlanders lived on the coast and ate mostly fish while the Danes ate mostly meat. The Greenlanders were much healthier then the Danes.  The Greenlanders had no incidence of Diabetes, Asthma, Multiple Sclerosis, Inflammatory Bowel Disease or Breast Cancer, while the Danes had high or very high incidences of these diseases.  The Greenlanders  had a measurable, but very small level, of Heart Attack, Psoriasis, Thyroid Toxicosis and  Rheumatoid arthritis whereas the Danes had very high incidences of these diseases.  Other diseases; like Ulcers, Cancer and Epilepsy were much less in the Greenlanders.  Comparisons can be made with:   
    - Canadians in maritime provinces, where cold-water fish is a dietary staple, have much less rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory disease in general.
    - Italians who live inland with a diet rich in meat, have more rheumatoid arthritis, versus whose who live on the seacoast and eat fish and vegetables.
    - Asians who migrate to the United States and take on our meat-oriented diet, have more rheumatoid arthritis, compared to siblings who remain in Asia and eat a more vegetarian and fish-oriented die,
    - Japanese who live in seacoast villages and eat a diet rich in fish and almost completely exclude meat have much less rheumatoid arthritis compared to inland villagers who eat meat.
    - The most recent research indicates these same patterns hold for multiple sclerosis, which is also an inflammatory autoimmune
disease with many similarities to rheumatoid arthritis.
 The magnitude of the differences were not always the same, but the trends were consistent:  diet matters. 

 Dr. Eric R. Brown, chairman of the microbiology department of the Chicago Medical School went fishing with his son one day.   Curious about the tumors on the fish he caught,  Dr. Brown initiated an investigation of the fish and of the water where he was fishing - Fox River, a typical American river flowing a few miles west of Chicago.  The bacteria count ran as high as 39,000 per 100 milliliters of water.  That indicated a high proportion of fecal matter.  There were also herbicides, insecticides, phosphates, nitrates, gasoline, ether, and carcinogenic (cancer-producing compounds of the benzathracene group) substances.  In addition, lead, mercury, calcium, cadmium, zinc, and antimony were found. 

 “What a fish eats of elements such as mercury and arsenic, Dr. Brown points out, the fish keeps.  When a bigger fish eats several smaller fish, he keeps the mercury and arsenic that they all ate.  When a human being eats the fish, he keeps these poisons and they build up in him.  This process of ‘biological magnification’ is a major threat in the use of flesh as food.”     The lethal limit for mercury poisoning would be reached in only five or six years by a person eating some types of fish at the rate most Americans eat beef.       Extra 

 Jesus used the parable of the dragnet to distinguish between the good fish and the bad fish, as described in the Torah.   “Once again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was let down into the lake and caught all kinds of fish.  When it was full, the fishermen pulled it up on shore.  Then they sat down and collected the good fish in baskets, but threw the
bad away.”    Mt 13:47, 48                            Extra 

    R   -   Reform Your Diet  

 Two thousand years ago in the time of the early Jews and Christians most foods were natural and organic, diet was not a big issue but today obesity, diabetes, arthritis and many other degenerative diseases have occurred because of man’s dietary lusts and addictions.  Food addiction is mostly caused by man’s lust for ‘delicacies’ and dietary pleasures that are of the flesh. 
 Most people today are in bondage to their food, desires and ill tastes.    Their attitudes and behaviors are like sin: missing the mark, twisted, warped, rebellious.  These distorted desires control and drive a person to live in dietary extremes.  And by living in the extreme of a continuous acidic condition, usually end up in some kind of degenerative disease.   People today need to Repent and Reform their dietary lifestyle!

 Most people today live a pagan dietary lifestyle.  They need to repent and accept God’s Way for their diet, not their food addictions that they hang onto, such as the Six Whites (sugar, salt, milk, white flour, soda, meat), nor the greatest of food addictions - cooked foods!   Sometimes physical healing is dependent on the inner healing that is needed.  And repentance is the first step for most healing.  Thus, Repent and Be Healed!

 Repentance and belief are linked together, belief is part of conversion.  If there’s no repentance or conversion then there’s no belief.  Belief is not just a state of mind but an acceptance with our whole being; body, soul and spirit.  Belief is something deep in one’s heart.  If you believe that diet is important then you will repent and change, if you do not believe then you will probably not change your diet.  Food addictions and practices like cooking can be a bondage and hindrance.

  For Health two things are necessary: Diet and Detox. When we breathe, we inhale and exhale in order to keep physically alive.
To keep spiritually alive we need to pray (inhale) and do penance (exhale).  Thus there is this dual activity of mystical receiving and ascetical giving.   Mysticism and asceticism are a necessary part of the fabric of a devout life.

 We are body, soul and spirit and even though our spirit might be willing the flesh might be weak.  Thus discipline and learning are needed, especially the Healing of Your Food Addictions, which may be holding you in bondage and sin.  

 In Scripture Jesus Christ required penance, or repentance to be preached to all nations.  “That penance and remission of sins should be preached to all nations.” Lk 24.47   The apostle Paul understood penance: “If you live according to the flesh you shall die, but if by the Spirit you mortify the deeds of the flesh, you shall live.”  (Rom 8.13)   “Persevere under disciple,” (Heb 7.7) “Mortify therefore your members which are upon the earth.” (Col 3.5)   “We preach Christ crucified.” (1 Cor 1.23) and are “crucified with him, that the body of sin may be destroyed.” (Rom 6.6) “God forbid that I should glory, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ; by whom the world is crucified to me and I to the world.”  (Gal 4.14). 

 Christianity began with the word; “Repent and believe the Good News.” Mk 1:15 or in another version, “Reform your lives and believe in the Gospel.”  Conversion, penance and repentance are the very life blood of Christianity.   Reform means to change, to repent, to do penance.  The Good News is that, God Wants You Well!   And the second piece of Good News is that God gave you free will to choose. 
 Love is a choice, what do you choose?
“But now, now - it is Yahweh who speaks - come back to me
with all your heart, fasting, weeping and mourning.”   Joel 2:12
“The time has come he said and the kingdom of God is close at hand. Reform your lives and believe the Good News.”  Mk 1:15

    S    -     Sin, the Flesh and Diet

 Today most people live in darkness from their poor  dietary lifestyle, which is the World’s Way and not God’s Way for their life.   Little bad habits are called venial sins while serious sins are mortal (mort means death physically and/or spiritually).  The seven capital sins are: pride, avarice, envy, wrath, lust, gluttony and sloth.  Gluttony has to do with eating too much food or too much of the wrong type of food.  The dietary lifestyle of today encourages the flesh and inhibits the Spirit.  Gluttony has become a way of life for most people, and it affects every area of life, leaving people wide open to all types of temptation.  Addiction to Foods can be a part of gluttony. 

 Is eating any type of food a sin?  No it is not, but certain foods can influence the flesh which can lead to and become sin. 

 Repeated venial sins of gluttony could possibly lead to mortal sin by weakening our resolve.  The same occurs with the body after several decades of these little bad eating habits (or venial sins) they build up and become degenerative diseases which destroy the body.  A person who eats the Five Whites (sugar, salt, white flour, milk and meat) and other cooked foods, year after year is slowly breaking down their immune system, their detoxification system and other internal systems in their physiology.  Eventually this leads to a degenerative disease like diabetes, osteoporosis, cancer, etc., which slowly destroys the body, which is the temple of the Holy human Spirit.
 “While the rich are dying from diseases of affluence, the poor of the planet languish from want of the bare essentials of life.  The injustice imposed on the world by the twentieth-century protein chain is unprecedented; a billion people gorging and purging, mired in excess fat, while a billion more waste away, unable to provide their bodies with the minimum nutrient requirements necessary to maintain a healthy existence.   The World Bank estimates that
between 700 million and 1 billion people live in absolute poverty around the world.  Contrary to popular belief, the poor are getting poorer each year.  Forty-three developing nations finished the 1980's poorer than they were at the beginning of the decade.  Approximately 20 million people die each year around the world from hunger and related diseases.  Over 15 million children die every year from diseases brought on by or complicated by malnutrition.” 

 Cooked foods, junk foods and the Five Whites existed at least since the times of the Egyptians and the scriptures warn against these “choice foods” or “delicacies”.  “When you sit down to dine with a ruler, keep in mind who is before you; And put a knife to your throat if you have a ravenous appetite.   Do not desire his delicacies; they are deceitful food.”  Prov 23.1-3.   “Let not my heart be drawn to what is evil, to take part in wicked deeds with men who are evildoers; let me not eat of their delicacies.”  Ps 141:4.   This is thus an act of the Will. 

 One day a Franciscan brother was languishing of hunger from fasting too much and St. Francis of Assisi set the table and they began to eat.  After eating, St. Francis commented: “He said that to deprive the body indiscreetly of what it needs was a sin just the same as it is a sin to give it superfluous things at the prompting of gluttony.”     What the Bible calls ‘delicacies’, St. Francis called ‘superfluous things’ and today we call junk foods, is a sin against the body because it destroys the body and brings illnesses, degenerative diseases and death.        Extra 

 “Repent, and turn from all your transgressions, so that iniquity will not be your ruin.” (Ezek 18:20-21)   We afflict our souls (Lev 23:27, 32) by fasting (cf. Ezra 8:21) and repenting of one’s sins (Ezek 18:30-31).  “Let not my heart be drawn to what is evil, to take part in wicked deeds with men who are evildoers; let me not eat of their delicacies.”  Ps 141:4            Extra   

    T   -  Therapy through Your Diet
 Healing through diet has been used for many centuries and, in the 1900s, it became scientific.  Dr. Max Gerson was the forerunner of Diet Therapy back in the 1940s and 50s.  The Gerson Diet Therapy is basically three raw food meals a day and 13 glasses of juice (6 carrot-apple and 7 green juices), plus  different supplementals and a detox program.  Since then many others have continued with different variations.  But they all involved a diet of raw living foods and usually a regime of juicing and detox methods and other natural remedies. 

 To give an example of the healing potential of a Raw Living Foods diet, a major study was done by the Gerson Research Organization and the University of California at San Diego’s Cancer Prevention and Control Program.  They compared 5 year melanoma survival rates of Gerson therapy patients to rates found in comparable, conventionally treated groups in the medical literature.  The study examimed 153 white adult cancer patients, 25- 72 years old, in various stages of melanoma.   The study found the following:
 - Of patients with Stages I and II melanoma (localized), 100% of Gerson therapy patients survived for 5 years, compared with 79% of patients receiving conventional treatment. 
 - Of patients with Stages IIIa melanoma (regionally metastasized), 82% of Gerson therapy patients were still alive at 5 years, compared with 39% of those conventionally treated.
 - Of patients with Stages IIIa and IIIb melanoma (regionally metatasized), 70% of Gerson therapy patients were still alive at 5 years, compared with 41% of the conventionally treated patients.
 - Of patients with Stage IVa melanoma, 39% of Gerson therapy patients survived for 5 years, compared with 6% of patients treated by conventional medicine.     A second study showed even higher rates for those with surgery plus Gerson Diet Therapy for a five year survival rate, since about a third of Gerson-treated patients had surgeries as well.   (IIIa 39% versus 92%;  IVa 6% versus 57%).   Extra  
 What kinds of things can Diet Therapy heal?  Just about everything. Claims by those who use the Gerson diet have cured such things as: Cancer; Lymphomas; Melanoma; Multiple Myeloma; Hodgkins disease; Heart disease; Diabetes;  Hypertension; Atherosclerosis; Lupus;  Arthritis; Alzheimer’s; Candida; Crohn’s Disease; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; Migraine headaches; Liver disease; Kidney disease; Paget’s disease; Throid disease; Allergies and other  Degenerative diseases.
 Coronary heart Disease (CHD) is the major cause of death in most Western countries.  Serum total cholesterol concentration is the most important biochemical risk factor for CHD.  Numerous studies have established that vegetarians have lower total serum cholesterol concentrations than comparable non-vegetarians.  The relatively low serum total cholesterol of vegetarians has been observed in diverse populations, including white American Seventh-Day Adventists,   American commune-dwelling vegans,   American macrobiotic vegetarians,     British vegetarians,   elderly Chinese vegetarians,   Slovakian vegetarians,   West African Seventh-Day Adventists,    Siberian vegans,   German vegetarians,   and many others.   Furthermore, intervention trials have demonstrated that changing to a vegetarian diet can reduce serum cholesterol concentrations.

 “There is a way that some think right, but it leads in the end to death.” Pr 16.25
 “If you listen carefully to the voice of Yahweh your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commandments and keep his statues, I shall inflict on you none of the evils that I inflicted on the Egyptians for it is I, Yahweh, who give you healing.”  Ex 15.26

    U   -   U and Our Environment

 “There is only about one acre of agricultural land on this earth, per person, at the present population level.  One fourth of an acre or less is needed to feed a person if he lives on a vegetarian diet.  But three acres or more are needed if he depends on animal protein for food. (a)   While one acre will produce, as beef 77 days’ worth of protein for a man, the same acre would produce 236 days of protein in milk, 877 days in whole wheat, or 2,224 days in soybeans. (b)” 

 “A beef animal must consume one hundred calories to produce ten calories in meat.  It takes twenty-one pounds of protein fed to cattle to get one pound of protein in return.  Pigs and chickens do a little better, but averaging all classes of food animals, eight pounds of protein in feed are required to get one pound of protein in return.” 
 “Another matter: More and more, water is being recognized as a resource in short supply.  An all-vegetarian regimen requires 300 gallons of water daily for each person.  A mixed animal and vegetable diet requires 2,500 gallons daily per person.  The cost of water per pound is 25 times that of the cost per pound of vegetarian food.”           Extra

 The greenhouse effect of the destruction of the ozone layer is caused mostly by pollution and cattle.  “Loss of forest land in the United States is a serious problem, rapidly getting worse.  In 1900, there were about 509 million acres of non-federal forest land in the United States, but by 1950 this had declined to 420 million acres, and in 1975 it had declined further to 376 million acres. (a) Analysis of use conversion between 1967 and 1975 reveals that most conversions of forest land were to grazing land.  We lost 70 million acres of forest land during this time, over two thirds of it to grazing land. (b)”     “What is the cause of the ongoing destruction of tropical forest?  In Latin America, the demand for cattle grazing land is probably the dominant factor.”     Methane is a ‘greenhouse gas’ which traps
about 25 times as much solar heat as CO2.  Annually the world’s 1.3 billion cows produce about 100 million tons of methane, plus all the carbon dioxide.                   Extra 

 “Increasing food production on a global scale is a problem of critical importance and it is exacerbated further by the addition of 200,000 persons per day in the world population. However, the increasing world’s need for food is due, not only to the growing population, but also to rising affluence.  In some developing countries, the average person is sustained by the equivalent of about 400 lb of cereal per year, consumed directly, whereas in the United States, per capita  requirement for cereal grain is nearly 2000 lb, most of it fed to animals and consumed ultimately as meat, eggs, and dairy products.  It has been estimated that 91% of the cereal, legume, and vegetable protein produced in the United States, and suitable for human use, is fed to livestock.”     It will take decades to change people!

 A Pastoral Letter on the Environment (1998) from Cardinal Law and eighteen other Bishops of New England is entitled, “And God Saw That It Was Good.”  After giving the Biblical basis and the Church teaching for taking care of the environment they quote another religious leader: “Many others from Christian religious tradition have contributed to the needed public dialogue.  One outstanding example of this is His All Holiness, Bartholomew I.  The Ecumenical Patriarch has declared boldly, ‘To commit a crime against the natural world is a sin.  For humans to cause species to become extinct and to destroy the biological diversity of God’s creation; for humans to degrade the integrity of the earth by causing changes in its climate, by stripping the earth of its natural forests, or destroying its wetlands; for humans to contaminate the earth’s waters, its land, its air and its life with poisonous substances - these are sins.’ ”     On protecting the environment:  Deut 20.19-20.

    V    -    Vegetarianism

 Consensus in the medical and academic community takes a long time.   It took 30 years to prove that high cholesterol levels cause heart disease.   When there’s a majority of clinical studies present then there is a very good chance it is true.  For over 30 years, studies (scientific, cross-cultural and historical) have been done on vegetarians and have proven time and time again that a vegetarian and vegan diet is healthier than a diet that includes meat. The living foods vegetarians are the healthiest.

 To quote a few of the many studies:  Vegetarian diets low in fat or saturated fat have been used successfully as part of comprehensive health programs to reverse severe coronary artery disease.” Journal of the American Medical Association     In a study of more then 10,000 vegetarians and meat-eaters, British researchers found that the more meat consumed, the greater was the risk of heart attack.   

 The Seventh Day Adventists are a group that has been studied because of their beliefs and diets.  In a medical journal, Dr. Jeremiah Stamler, a cardiologist was talking about lifestyles and demonstrated with statistics on death rate quotes.  He  noted that: “An additional comparison has recently become available, with data on mortality for three groups of California Seventh Day Adventists (non-vegetarian, lacto-ovo-vegetarian and pure vegetarian) compared with the California general population.  Seventh Day Adventists have lower mean serum cholesterol levels than Americans generally.  For 47,000 Seventh Day Adventist men (aged 35 and over, age-sex-standardized) mortality rates were 34% lower for non-vegetarians, 57% lower for the lacto-ovo-vegetarians and 77% lower for the pure vegetarians compared to the general population.   The results were evident that the strict dietary standards of the Adventists made them much healthier.  The Adventist men had a heart attack mortality rate only 12 percent that of the average California male.  Lung cancer was reduced 80 percent; Uterine cancer in women was reduced 46
percent.  In nearly every major disease, Adventists ranked well below the average in risk.     And they lived an average of ten years longer than the average Californian.                                                   Extra 

 A survey by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture and a study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition shows that the vegans are the most efficient in terms of nutrition because they can consume less and get enough nutrients at the same time.  They are eating more fruits and vegetables with almost double the fiber of the  lactovegetarians.  And their average protein intake is 35 grams, while the average American usually consumes over 100 grams. 
  Meat-eaters    Lactovegetarians  Vegans
protein       85 g  55 g      35 g
fiber       4.5 g    8 g      15 g
salt       2.5 g   1.2 g      0.25 g
calories  2000 cals          1800 cals            1600 cals 
 About 10-15 million of the U.S. population is vegetarian (depending on how you define it); under 1% of vegetarians in the U.S. are vegan (1997 Roper poll estimated about a million) and probably less than .5% is raw vegan.  Yet in the last 3-5 years a lot of interest has been generated and the numbers are growing for people on raw living foods, which is on the rise.

 Eating healthy raw and living foods for the body and mind is part of loving God with all your strength.

 “Master which is the greatest commandment of the Law?”  Jesus said, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.  This is the greatest and the first commandment.  The second is like it: You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”                                            Matt 23:36-39   Mk 12:30

W   -   Which Vegetarians?  

 There are numerous schools of thought in the U.S. and overseas about nutrition, diets and diet therapy.  In a general way, all of these can be summarized into three major groups.  The first major category are the Standard American diets.  There are probably over a thousand different diets and schools of thought in this category.  The second major category is the Health Food diets and schools of thought.  There are probably several hundred of these different diets.  The third major group, the smallest is the Living/Raw Vegetarian diets and schools of thought which there are only about a dozen schools of thought on raw vegan diets.  If you think of a snowman, the big ball on the bottom is the SAD, the middle size ball in the middle is the Health Food diets and the third smallest ball on the top is the Raw Living Foods diets.       Extra

 The term ‘vegetarian’ does not mean ‘vegetable eater’ but it stems from the Latin vegetus, which means ‘whole, sound, fresh, and lively,’ or ‘to enliven’.   Most vegetarians believe that plant foods are life giving, alive and bring health.  The word ‘diet’ comes from the Greek word dieta, which means ‘way of life’.  A diet needs to be a lifestyle in order to be effective.  Studies on health and healing indicate that the cluster that gives the most life is the Raw Vegetarian (Vegan), than the Vegetarian and last the Partial Vegetarian which gives the least life of these.
I.  Raw Vegetarian/Living Foods Diet Lifestyle’s
- Raw Healing Vegan: 95 to 100% raw;
  no meat, fish, fowl, eggs, dairy
  Very little condiments or sweets, 
 - Raw Gourmet Vegan: 80/20 to 100% raw;*
  no meat, fish, fowl, eggs, dairy
                       Uses condiments like honey, spices 
- Raw Vegetarian (lacto-ovo): 80/20 raw*, gourmet
  & limited fish, eggs, goat’s milk, spices etc. 
II. Vegetarian Diets/Health Food Diets
 - Vegan:  no meat, fish, fowl, eggs, dairy
 - Standard Vegetarian (basically American):
  -  strict veggie or ovo-lacto;  lacto;  ovo
 - Cultural Vegetarian (Macrobiotic, Chinese, etc.):
  -   strict veggie  or ovo-lacto;  lacto;  ovo
III. Partial Vegetarian Diet/Health Food Diets
 White meat vegetarian - poultry & fish, eggs, milk

 *Note:  Cooking destroys parts and even kills the foods.  When 20% cooked is used for raw veggie it means, dehydrated, slightly cooked or heated up but not cooked for a long time which would kill the veggie’s.  Thus 80/20 implies about approximately 80% raw living foods and 20% commercial or slightly cooked foods.  The 80/20 is from 70% to 90% raw.
      Another way of categorizing diets is the amount of cooking.
  I.  Living Food Diets (Superior Health)
The Raw Vegan Diets are about 0% to20% cooked
The Raw Vegetarian Diets are about       10% to 30% cooked
 II.  Health Food Diets (Semi-healthy)
The Vegetarian Diets are about        30 to60% cooked
The Partial Vegetarian Diet are about 50 to 70% cooked
 III.  Standard American Diets (Unhealthy)
The Food Pyramid Diets are about      40 to 90% cooked
The Standard American Diet are about    50 to100% cooked

 For a Raw Living Foods Diet these four categories are usually considered base foods and grains are very limited in use:
1. Vegetables (green and leafy vegetables, potatoes, etc.)
2.  Legumes (beans and peas of all sorts)
3.  Fruits (apples, oranges, plums, etc.)
4.  Nuts and Seeds (almonds, walnuts, peanuts, etc.)
5.  Grains (rice, barley, millet, wheat, bulgur, etc.) - limited
 Today in the area of nutrition,  “My people are being destroyed from lack of knowledge.”  Hos 4:6  

    X   -   Xenobiotics - Detoxication
 Chemicals and their associated molecules that are foreign to biological systems are called Xenobiotics.  This term which means foreign chemicals is xenobiotics (“z” as with xerox).  Xenobiotic or foreign chemical metabolism (detoxication) is involved in the detoxification in the body.  The detoxication system exists in every cell of the body, and is a system of the biochemistry in which the body rids itself of toxins and poisons on a cellular level.  It is like the immune system in principle.

 “The problem is that voluminous studies by researchers around the world and even some by the U.S. government itself admit that the average U.S. diet does not supply 100% of many of these pivotal minerals.  In fact, many studies showed that one-third or more of the people were low in a particular nutrient.... When you apply some statistics to the over 40 nutrients at once, you realize quickly that probably at least one in every three people is deficient in at least one nutrient.  And this is what we see in private practice.  The problem is that this puts these unsuspecting victims of processed foods at a distinct disadvantage in terms of detoxifying chemicals.  And it makes them more vulnerable to becoming chemically sensitized when compared with someone who has a full deck of nutrients.”   

 Dr. Sherry Rogers M.D., points out,  “One of the major problems for chemically sensitive individuals is that the xenobiotic (foreign chemical) detoxication system is not operating normally.  And one of the reasons is that some of the nutrients (vitamins, minerals, amino acids and essential fatty acids) in the major detoxication pathways are deficient (too low).  At first we had a tough time appreciating how this could happen in the land of plenty where foods are even fortified.”   

 Tissue laced with internal (metabolic) toxins or external toxins (from polluted air or water, or tobacco smoke) can’t assimilate
nutrients well or eliminate its own waste efficiently.

 In addition, “One of every four people in the world is infected by roundworms, which cause fever, cough, and intestinal problems.  A quarter of the world’s people have hookworms, which can cause anemia and abdominal pain.  A third of a billion people suffer from the abdominal pain and diarrhea caused by whipworms.”    In 1976 a nation-wide study indicated that one in every six people has one or more parasites living somewhere in his or her body which is a major problem in the U.S.”     The rate of infection is actually higher since parasites & worms do not always show up in every stool sample. 
 Once worms or parasites are established in the body, these invaders do three things: 1. Worms can also erode, damage or block certain organs.  2. Parasites have to eat, so they rob us of our nutrients.  3. The last and most important way these scavengers cause damage is by poisoning us with their toxic waste.  Each worm gives off certain metabolic waste products that our already weakened bodies have trouble disposing of.

 One doctor found in her practice.  “No matter how long and confusing is the list of symptoms a person has, from chronic fatigue to infertility to mental problems, I am sure to find only two things wrong: they have in them pollutants and/or parasites.”     Some signs of parasites can be: chronic fatigue; immune dysfunction; constipation; diarrhea; gas and bloating; anemia; nervousness; allergies.  These can come from fruits and vegetables, contaminated water and foods; tsetse fly; mosquitos; dogs, cats and other pets.  Discharge of these toxins, poisons and parasites can happen with a living vegetarian diet and fasting and detox methods like colonics.         Extra

       “As for this kind, it is cast out only by prayer
              and fasting.”   Mt 17:21;  Mk 9.29

    Y   -   Your Lifestyle Choice

 Love is a choice and the dietary lifestyle that you choose is your statement of love for yourself.  There is more variety and taste in a Raw Living Foods Vegetarian Diet than there is in the Standard American Diet.  And raw living foods can be made with ethnic flavors, such as German, Italian, Hispanic, etc. 

 “An increasing number of people in the United States - between 8.5 and 12.4 million - call themselves vegetarians.  At the same time, meatless diets are gaining scientific legitimacy.  The American Dietetic Association officially condones vegetarianism.  Medical studies support the idea that a healthy diet can be meatless.  Yet only about 4% of all vegetarians
are vegan.      And some of these are Living Foods Vegans.

 “People who choose vegetarianism have a variety of reasons for doing so, though research suggests that people’s motives vary within rather set categories.  In a 1991 survey (Scott 1991), for example, Vegetarian Journal readers revealed their top four reasons: (1) health (reported by 81%), (2) animal rights (81%), (3) ethics (76%), and (4) environment (75%).
The other reasons include economics (28%), taste (28%), religion (10%), habit (7%), media articles (8%), friends/family (5%), other (4%), doctor (2%), dietitian (2%).  Note that the top four categories reflect the dominant claims in the vegetarians literature.   Four primary motivations emerged from a study of British vegetarians: “moral, health-related, gustatory, and ecological.”  (1992:269).      
 “Other researchers have found similar categories of reasons, and many vegetarians report more than one motive (Amato and Partridge 1989; Beardsworth and Keil 1992; Dwyer et al. 1973; Krizmanic 1992).   Four primary motivations emerged from Beardsworth and Keil’s study of British vegetarians: “moral, health-related, gustatory, and ecological.”  The authors note that “in the
great majority of instances, respondents had no hesitation in identifying their primary motivation in ways which could be classified quite readily under these headings”  (1992:269).     

 “The overwhelming majority of vegetarians perceive plant foods as desirable and life-giving (Twigg 1979).  By eating food that is more alive, a person becomes healthier.  While animal food is considered dead matter, vegetable food lives.  

 “Most vegetarian authors use scientific evidence to back their arguments.  For example, according to John Robbins, “Literally thousands of articles published in the last few decades in The New England Journal of Medicine, the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the Journal of the American Medical Association, the British Medical Journal, Lancet, and other publications of similar stature have demonstrated that the less animal fat you take into your body, the healthier you will be” (1992:79).   Richard Bargen, author of the Vegetarian’s Self Defense Manual, which reviews over 100 nutritional medical studies, states, “Vegetarianism, once it has achieved a solid scientific foundation, will become the ‘norm’ in Western nations” (1979:31).                    Extra

 “Those people who are observant of a religious faith (regardless of which particular sect or denomination) enjoy lower incidence and mortality than the general population.     Regular attendance at church services has been associated with lowered mortality from several chronic diseases.    The possibility that some aspect of spiritual life or some other lifestyle highly correlated with spirituality explains the lower cancer risk in religious denominations that espouse vegetarianism must be considered.”     

“My dear friend, I hope you are in good health and may you thrive in all other ways as you do in the spirit.”   3 John 2  

    Z   -  Zealous for Real Food  

 People who are zealous for raw and living foods are able to benefit themselves and many others. A German raw fooder, Dr. Johann Georg Schnitzer has helped many people learn to eat living foods and did a major study showing its benefits.  Following are a few of the benefits in his monumental study.

 The study involved 4702 people and their 2700 children who were questioned on how they had become healthier, more efficient and content.   The Schnitzer-Report is 548 pages with tables, graphs and statistical analysis by the Institute for Demoscopy in Germany, about people following the Schnitzer-Nutritional recommendations. 

  For the problem of constipation: 26.1% were troubled with constipation less often; 68.7 % never again.  Among men: 16.2% were constipated less often, 78.9% no constipation again.     
 After switching nutrition systems, there were (among adults) 65.6% with fewer colds, 27.5% with no more colds at all.  Among the children, there were 74.5% with fewer colds, 11.9% no more colds at all.  The incidence of influenza among adults after change in nutrition: 39.1% fewer, 54.3% not again. With children the incidence of influenza was 38.8% less often, 50.3% not again.

 A remarkably high percentage of the families practicing Schnitzer-nutrition reported that their children did not get the usual children’s diseases.  The basis of our statistics are one thousand and nine hundred and seventy eight families with a total of 2700 children.  Scarlet fever did not affect 96.8% of these children; 89.7% of the children were spared the German measles; 85.1% didn’t get the chicken pox; 81.7% didn’t get the measles; 69.8% had no children’s diseases at all.  And the psychological disposition of these children also improved.  

 After the nutritional change-over, out of 4702 people: 49.7%
had less tooth decay; 36.8% had no more tooth decay; 39.2% report an improvement with their gum problems; 33.2% have no more gum problems at all.  Among the 2700 children 77.9% encountered less frequent or no more tooth problems.

 On the veggie diet, among the men: 92.7% felt more productive than before the change and 71.2% are tired less often.  Among the women, they became more energetic after the change-over: 91.7% indicated greater productivity; 76.6% were tired less often; 17.8% never felt tired again.

 By examining the dental structure, it is possible to recognize the exact nutrition form for which an organism is adapted by nature.  Dr. Reichard Lehne in his comparative anatomy studies of teeth, came to the conclusion that, according to the structure of their teeth, human beings are “Frugivores”, fruit eaters.  The term ‘fruit’ isn’t meant to describe the varieties of fruit found in abundance today (they are the product of cultivated growing and have only been in existence for a few decades or centuries). What is meant are seed and nuts, tubers and root nodules, and leaf shoots and sprouts.  The human dental anatomy is constructed and ideally suited for breaking up these natural food sources.               

 “It is my view that the vegetarian manner of living, by its purely physical effect on the human temperament, would most beneficially influence the lot of mankind.”   Albert Einstein 

 In the beginning in the Garden of Eden Adam and Eve were raw vegetarians:  “God said, ‘See, I give you all the seed-bearing plants that are upon the whole earth, and all the trees with seed-bearing fruit; this shall be your food.”  Gn 1.29  


27.  Some Signs of Superior Health 
 Let us look at some of the signs of Superior Health through a Living Foods dietary lifestyle.  These are some reasons why a ‘Living Foods’ or a ‘Raw Vegan’ dietary lifestyle is superior over a cooked, processed, meat-eating dietary lifestyle.  These are some reasons and criterion for optimal health on a Raw Living Foods Diet.

1.  Raw Vegans would eat less food naturally
 On a living foods diet, 10 to 30% less food is needed after several years on this diet.  This is because the food is more nutritious, less energy is needed to break it down and less food is desired.   Cooking and highly processed foods destroys the nutrient content of the foods and creates in the person who ingests them a greater desire for more cooked food. 

 Most people on a raw foods diet only eat two meals a day because that’s all they need and desire, sometimes a light snack or juice drink is in between the two meals.  Thus not only is the food time cut down but also the amount of time preparing food is cut down and the food digests quicker and gets into their metabolism quicker.   Studies show that vegetarians have far less obesity and overweight problems.  Obesity is unheard of in people who have been into raw living foods for several years. 

2.  Vegans Live Longer
 The Hunza’s who are primarily vegetarian have an average life expectancy of 85 to 90 years old and many live to be a healthy 110 to 125.  The Yucatan Indians in Latin America and the Vilcabamba in Ecuador are vegetarians and also have the healthiest and longest life expectancy.  The Vilcabamba have the largest
number of centenarians in the world.  Vegans in the U.S. live about ten years longer then the average American. 
3.   Raw Fooders need Less Sleep.  
 It takes a year to two years on a raw foods diet to reduce the amount of time needed for sleep.  In two years people on a living foods diet can reduce the amount of sleep needed by 1  to 2 hours a night.  After several years some people only need 4 to 5 hours sleep a night.  Some people on a living foods lifestyle get down to 3  hours a night of sleep.  This is because between 30% to 70% of the body’s energy is used to break down food and living, raw foods digest quicker, easier and use less energy, thus less sleep is needed.  Stop and think about it; if you slept two hours less a night, that’s 14 hours a week extra you would have while awake!       Extra 

 Needing less sleep is one of the most convincing findings of the benefits of raw living foods over cooked foods.   Another convincing finding is the superior health that people have on raw living foods. 

4.  People on a Raw Vegan lifestyle would have 90-98% less
     illnesses and diseases.
 Studies have consistently shown, over the last 30 years, that vegetarians have far less degenerative diseases (such as: cancer, arthritis, diabetes, osteoporosis, etc.) and other illness (such as: colds, flu’s, rashes, etc.), than meat eaters.  Vegetarians have 55% less degenerative diseases and Vegans have 77% less degenerative diseases.  Raw Vegans have less illness and diseases than both of these, probably 90-98% less (a full 3 standard deviations of 97.3%).  It has been found that most long term raw fooders never get sick or have any major illnesses. 
5.  Raw Living Foods are used to Heal - Diet Therapy
 A lot of the healing clinics and alternative healing centers use vegetarian diet therapy to help heal with Raw Living Foods Diets are the main veggie diets used in diet therapy.  Even though there are different versions, they are all pretty similar since they use mostly, if not totally, raw living foods. 
 What kinds of things can Diet Therapy heal?  Just about everything.   The Gerson diet at one hospital has for over twenty years specialized in the treatment of: Cancer; Lymphomas; Melanoma; Multiple Myeloma; Hodgkins disease; Heart disease; Diabetes;  Hypertension; Atherosclerosis; Lupus;  Arthritis; Alzheimer’s; Candida; Crohn’s Disease; Chronic Fatigue Syndrome; Migraine headaches; Liver disease; Kidney disease; Paget’s disease; Thyroid disease; Allergies and other  degenerative diseases.  And this is just one hospital that uses raw living foods,  juicing and supplements in diet therapy.

6.  Raw Vegetarians have more Physical Endurance
 This is often thought to be a subjective quality but some of the greatest athletes have been vegetarian.  Anyone eating living foods will tell you they have more energy.  Most cooked foods, starchy and grain foods are heavy and take a lot of energy to break down and often times make a person tired and drowsy.  Furthermore, living/raw foods such as fruits and vegetables do not create highs and lows in blood sugar. 

 “Vegetarian athletes of the mid- to late 1800's were some of the first to prove the superiority of a plant-based diet, especially in endurance events.  The London Vegetarian Society formed an athletic and cycling club that outperformed meat-eating competitors.  Vegetarian athletes dominated walking races.  In a German 100-kilometer walk, 11 of the top 14 finishers were vegetarians.  In 1912, the vegetarian runner Kolehmainen became the first man to finish a marathon in under two and a half hours.  Numerous other achievements and studies from this period reinforced the success of vegetarian diets for sports performance. 
 “Recently, a California scientific researcher compared 351 vegetarians to 8,891 omnivorous runners and revealed that vegetarian runners average 13 to 14% more miles per week than non-vegetarians, have slimmer waists and lower total and LDL cholesterol by 3 to 5% and drink less alcohol.”  

7.  Vegans have more Peaceful Emotions and less Stress
 Throughout history claims have been made that eating meat creates more negative emotions like lust, anger, gluttony, etc.  Today most strict vegetarians and raw veggie’s would make the same claim that meat causes or excites these negative emotions and that they have more peace on a raw vegetarian lifestyle.  The stress of the animals is also in the meat and the acidity of meat and cooked food only supports and perhaps increases the stress.  Many processed foods such as: sugar, salt, white flour, milk, soda and meat, have a negative influence on the body and effects the emotions too.
8.  Raw Vegans often have less gas, body odor and bad breath.
 Living foods break down naturally and there’s less gas given off, less body odor and less bad breath.  Meat eaters and those on commercially cooked foods give off considerably more gas, body odor and bad breath.  Raw fooders usually are more conscious of food combining thus foods digest better reducing gas and body odor. 

9.  Physical Beauty is greater on Raw Foods
 A lot of complexion problems of the skin are caused by toxins, poisons, and wastes in the system that the body is trying to eliminate through the skin.  On a raw foods diet these are much less and usually eliminated directly as waste products.  A raw vegan, in her 60's and raw chef of over 25 years, Karyn Calabrese was nominated as one of the five ageless women for her physical beauty, her skin looked ageless and appeared on the Opra Show.  
10.  People on Living Foods have Better Taste Buds 
 Cooked and processed foods flatten tastes out whereas raw living foods have a tapestry of tastes that are not all cooked and
squashed together.  And because of the strong sugar, spice, salt conditions, the taste buds come to expect these overly strong tastes but they are artificial.   Eating natural foods without condiments allows the taste buds to heal and eventually appreciate natural flavors.  The natural taste of foods comes alive for raw fooders. 

11.  Living Fooders have Less Food Addictions & Allergies
 Food addictions and allergies are tied together.   The five whites: sugar, salt, milk, white flour and meat are addicting and also create allergies.  Raw Fooders have less craving for food and less addiction to foods and to eating compulsively.  

12.  Raw Fooders do not get bit by mosquitoes
 The body naturally gives off B-complex vitamins which repels mosquitoes; if a person takes a lot of yeast, it is a natural mosquito repellent.  But some raw fooders who are 98-100% raw never get bit by mosquitoes.  The Raw Family of Ashland, Oregon gives experiences that they have had where they would never get bitten while others were getting eaten alive. 

13.  Women on 100% raw foods have clean monthly’s
 An unpublished study done by Victoras Kulvinskas and Terry Siemens showed that women on a completely raw diet have little menstrual flow or sometimes none at all.  But their ovulation cycle continues and they can still get pregnant.  

14.  The Physiological Nutritional parameters for humans are
        much better in Raw Fooders
 People on meat, and grain-based cooked vegetarians are usually acidic whereas raw fooders have a normal alkaline pH.  The pH of the urine, salvia and blood is near perfect in people into Living Foods.  Blood cell analyses also indicates a near perfect cleanliness and normality in raw fooders whereas cooked fooders show signs of
congestion and other problems in their blood.  Other subtle parameters indicating health are also better for people eating living foods.

15.  Humans are Physiologically not Designed for Eating Meat
 Humans are not physiologically designed to handle meat properly whereas meat eating animals do have the anatomical and physiological design to handle meat properly in their bodies.  Humans were not created to be carnivores and they are better off without meat.  See section N - Natural Human Diet

16.  The Greenhouse Warming Effect is Reduced
 The destruction of forest for cattle production and for grain agriculture reduces the amount of oxygen in the air and CO2 conversion.  In addition the amount of gas given off by all the cattle around the world would burn a hole in the upper atmosphere the size of Texas.  The Global warming effect called the Greenhouse Warming is partly caused by the type of food that we eat.  See the footnotes on the Environment section, U.

17.   Reform of the Health Care System
 What we have in the U.S. is a disease management system not a health care system, which would emphasize preventative health measures.  The U.S. spends over a trillion dollars a year on health care, and it spends billions on heart disease alone.  Heart disease and most other degenerative diseases could be cured on a Living Foods diet, relieving the burden of sickness in the U.S.  This would also help lower taxes but obviously a reform of the Health Care System would need to include a Living Foods dietary lifestyle for Americans.

18.  Ecology and the Environment would be helped
 Land and fresh water are being used up at a far greater rate with the increasing population.  The world food problem is becoming a bigger problem and the production of animal foods cannot be justified on an economic basis.  Issues of ecology and the environment are far greater in underdeveloped countries which do
not have strong laws in place.  But air pollution travels all around the world and the deforestation in Latin America and Africa also has environmental effects on the U.S. too.    

 All the great religions place an emphasis on vegetarianism and fasting.  The act of nonviolence and not killing is also related to animals, a greater peace and harmony is achieved as a result.  Furthermore eating meat, for some, is considered an influence of the flesh bringing lust, greed and other vices.   But these bad habits are cumulative and build up to greater problems like degenerative diseases after years of abuse. 

 Other secondary benefits that do not relate directly to health are also part of the package.  In a way we are all connected globally and the negative impact of the world around us also influences our lives in some way.   See the section U - U and Our Environment to see the effects on the world.

19.  Abortion in Young Girls is Reduced
 The normal age of menses is 16 to 17 years old but because of the Standard American Diet, girls in America are starting their menses at 12, 13, 14 and 15 (some are starting at 9 10 and 11).  Along with menses come sexual urges, sex and pregnancy and abortions.  Perhaps as much as 10 to 15% of girls having abortions in the U.S. are under 16, which would not happen if girls did not start their menses so early.  Their diet is filled with food chemicals and hormones, (especially estrogen added to poultry to make poultry grow faster) which is affecting young girls to start menses earlier then normal. 

20.  Increased Consciousness of Life and Energy  
 Some people become more aware of life around them such as plant life and animal life in a whole new way.  The subtle energies of living things are more readily observed and perceived.  The saint, St. Francis of Assisi, was said to communicate with animals and he did a lot of fasting and ate a penitential diet. 

28.  Some Categories of Scientific Proofs

 These are some categories of scientific study with reasons that confirm the use of raw living foods over cooked foods as developed by a leading raw food enthusiast.  
 Anatomy: Humans, like plant eating animals, do not have the anatomy and physiology to eat meat.  (See previous section.)
 Anthropology: Anthropologists state that animals have a successful track record of raw food eating of over 600 million years, and that humans were eating raw foods for over a million years.  Grains and harvesting was introduced only about 10,000 years ago and is not man’s original food source. 
 Arthrology: Many arthritics have been known to become completely healed when raw foods replace cooked foods.  Joint specialists have long recognized the beneficial use of produce for optimal joint health. 
 Biology: It has been noted that all wild creatures consume a diet of exclusively 100% raw living foods.  Domesticated animals are the only ones besides man to suffer from the same degenerative diseases as man. 
 Cardiology: Heart specialists recommend the consumption of uncooked fruits and vegetables which are cholesterol free. 
 Chemistry: The alkaline minerals of raw foods support the alkaline pH of the blood and lymph.  Fruits and vegetables are the richest sources of the minerals needed by the body, while cooking denatures and destroys some of them.
 Comparative Anatomy: There are no exceptions in nature: animals that are anatomically similar thrive on similar foods.  Humans are anatomically similar to the anthropoid primates, all of whom thrive on raw living foods. 
  Dermatology: Necessary to the health of the skin, intact essential fatty acids are found only in raw foods, as heat destroys them.  Cooked foods have giant molecules that clog capillaries, blocking the flow of essential nutrients to the skin.  
 Endocrinology: Cancers of the ovaries, testes, breast, thyroid, pituitary, adrenals, pineal, parathyroid, pancreas and other endocrine tissues have all been linked with cooked meat consumption.  The consumption of raw foods is associated with cancer prevention.
 Epidemiology: The study of disease occurrence has shown that food poisoning is almost always the result of eating ‘bad’ cooked foods and almost never from raw foods.  It almost always results from eating animal and not plant foods.
 Etiology: Disease is spread when toxic microorganisms from decaying matter is consumed.  The decay in cooked foods can be hidden, in fresh raw living foods it cannot be, as visual inspection and sense of smell will always recognize it.
 Genetics: Our closest genetic relatives live on all raw foods, predominantly fruits.  All of the anthropoid apes, with whom we share approximately 98% of our genes, live on an all raw diet of mostly fruits and vegetables. 
 Gerontology: The longest lived and healthiest people in the world are primarily, if not totally, vegetarian. 
 Gynecology: Women who increase the percentage of raw living foods in their diet invariably report a direct relationship reduction in PMS symptoms, reduced cramping, shorter periods and less blood loss. 
 Hematology: Red blood cells take on their healthiest appearance under dark-field microscopy when raw fruits and vegetables are abundant in the diet.  The consumption of heated fats reduces the rbc’s ability to carry oxygen. 
 Histology: Due to electrolyte contents contrary to our needs, intracellular fluid levels are reduced and extracellular fluid levels are raised resulting in dehydration to all tissues when cooked foods are consumed. 
 Immunology: Raw Living foods best supply our nutrient needs while providing the lowest level of toxins, allowing for optimum immune function.  Cancers, immune dysfunctions, and general vitality levels all respond well to raw food consumption.
 Neurology: Nerves run our body, and tell us all we know about the outside world.  Cooked foods dull nerve function by
reducing the body’s ability to bring oxygen to the brain, by introducing toxins and limiting nutrient supplies. 
 Nutrition: Raw plants provide all our nutrient needs in the precise quantities and proportions needed.  They are the best sources of vitamins, minerals, enzymes, coenzymes, antioxidants, phytonutrients, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber and water. 
 Obstetrics: Toxemia, a serious concern in pregnancy, is most common when the kidneys and liver are overloaded by the toxins found in meats and other cooked foods.  Raw foods allow the body to do its detoxifying work at optimum rates.
 Oncology: Cancer researchers have claimed for decades that a diet high in raw fruits and vegetables is the best as regards cancer prevention.   Studies done on heated fats have shown them to be carcinogenic.  There is a very strong link between the scientific studies on meat eating and cancer.
 Osteology: Cooked animal protein has been shown to result in bone density (calcium) loss at a higher rate than the same amount of protein from raw plants.  The alkaline minerals predominant in raw foods allow bones to remain strong. 
 Pharmacology: Organic foods are drug free.  Animals are subjected to many drugs which are passed on to the consumer.
  Proctology: The soluble fiber of raw fruits and vegetables promotes colon health.  Cooked meats have no fiber, a definite negative for the colon.  Grains have mostly insoluble fibers, which act as irritants to the intestines and colon. 
 Physiology: Every aspect of our physiology is designed to function at its best on raw living foods.  There is not one aspect of our physiology which could be said to substantiate the consumption of cooked foods and meat as preferable. 
 Rhinology: Most people are allergic to wheat and other cooked grains.  Few are allergic to raw fruits or veggies, it is one food group that is eaten world wide.  Ear problems, asthma, and other forms of congestion are also linked to grain eating. 
 Urology: The high volume of uric acid in meats and the acidic minerals found in grains are very difficult on the kidneys.  The alkalinity and high water content of raw foods make for good kidney
function and a well hydrated, alkaline body. 

29.  Additional Dangers of Meat
 a.  Dangers of Excess Protein
 Animal protein deteriorates in heating and cooking. 
When animal protein is heated to 212 degrees, or over 120.  It deteriorates into polyscraides which are carcinagines.  And then to much protein residue also feeds cancer cells. 
 “It is important to recall that current experiments suggest that excess protein can be damaging to the kidneys.     Researchers also feel that high-protein diets may well contribute to the decline in kidney function that occurs as one grows older and that has been attributed to normal aging.   

 “Other studies suggest that diets high in animal protein increase one’s risk of kidney stones   and gallstones.    Moreover, the extra ammonia that results from the breakdown of excess protein has even been thought to hasten cell proliferation and to contribute to the development of malignant growths.” 

 “Dr. C. L. Elvehjem in ‘Amino Acid Supplementation of Cereal’ warns that twice the daily requirement of certain amino acids in food leads to toxic cell disturbance.  (a)  Dr. Bieler states that one of the main sources of over acidity in the body is an excess of amino acids which disturbs the nitrogen
balance. (b)”  

 “The short term beneficial effects of a high protein diet can be attributed to the following factors.  Most people are protein starved.  The cells are deficient in protein because the whole interior of the individual from the digestive tract to the finest capillary, as well as cell walls, are coated with extraneous mucus, hardened fats and layers of inorganic mineral deposits with interfere with the transport
of amino acids into the interior of the cells.

 “The long term effect of a high protein diet is always bad.  It leads to an accumulation of the waste products of protein metabolism, thus acidifying the body.  For example, the human liver and kidneys combined have a limited capacity to excrete only about 8 grains of uric acid in 24 hours.  However, one pound of meat can generate as much as 18 grains of uric acid.  Hence, some uric acid will be left in the body from any one meat meal which will accumulate to produce the disease of gout, rheumatism or the complications of arthritis.”    

 The National Dairy Council keeps promoting that dairy products builds stronger bones but the research shows the contrary.  “Osteoporosis is, in fact, a disease caused by a number of things, the most important of which is excess dietary protein!  The correspondence between excess protein intake on bone resorption is direct and consistent, even with very high calcium intakes, the more excess protein in the diet the greater the incidence of negative calcium balance, and the greater the loss of calcium from
the bones.” 

 “One long-term study found that with as little as 75 grams of daily protein (less than three-quarters of what the average meat-eating American consumes) more calcium is lost in the urine than is absorbed by the body from the diet - a negative calcium balance.  In every study the same correspondence was found: the more protein that is taken in, the more calcium that is lost.  This is true even if the dietary calcium intake is as high as 1400 milligrams per day, far higher than the standard American diet.” 

 “In other words, the more protein in our diet, the more calcium we lose, regardless of how much calcium we take in.  The result is that high-protein diets in general, and meat-based diets in particular, lead to a gradual but inexorable decrease in bone density, and produce the ongoing development of osteoporosis.”    This has been reported in numerous articles in the Journal of Nutrition and
other sources.

 Dr. John McDougall, a leading medical authority, summarizes the medical research on osteoporosis: “I would like to emphasize that the calcium-losing effect of protein on the human body is not an area of controversy in scientific circles.  The many studies performed during the past 55 years consistently show that the most important dietary change that we can make if we want to create a positive calcium balance that will keep our bones solid is to decrease the amount of proteins we eat each day.  The important change is not to increase the amount of calcium we take in.” 

 “Throughout the world, the incidence of osteoporosis correlates directly with protein intake.  In any given population, the greater the intake of protein, the more common and more severe will be the osteoporosis.   In fact, the world health statistics show that osteoporosis is most common in exactly those countries where dairy products are consumed in the largest quantities - the United States, Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.” 

 “Carbohydrates are the most important source of food and energy in the world.  The FAO/WHO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization) suggests that the diet consists of at least 55% carbohydrates.  Government and health organizations from around the world concur.   The reason is simple.  Populations consuming animal-centered diets, rich in fat and protein and low in carbohydrates, have high rates of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, obesity, and other chronic diseases.  By contrast, those consuming plant-based diets, rich in carbohydrates, have significantly lower rates of disease.  

 The book, Mad Cowboy is by Howard Lyman.  He is a fourth-generation dairy farmer and cattle rancher in Montana who ran a feedlot operation for twenty years.   “When a cow is slaughtered, about half of its weight is not eaten by humans; the intestines and
their contents, the head, hooves and horns, as well as, bones and blood.  These are dumped into giant grinders at rendering plants, as are the entire bodies of cows and other farm animals known to be diseased.  Rendering is a $2.4-billion-a-year industry, processing forty billion pounds of dead animals a year.  There is no such thing in America as an animal that is too ravaged by disease, too cancerous, or too putrid to be welcomed by the all embracing arms of the renderer.  Another staple of the renderer’s diet, in addition to farm animals, is euthanized pets - the six or seven million dogs and cats that are killed in animal shelters every year. The city of Los Angeles alone, for example, sends some two hundred tons of euthanized cats and dogs to a rendering plant every month.  Added to the blend are the euthanized catch of animal control agencies, and roadkill.  (Roadkill is not collected daily, and in the summer, the better roadkill collection crews can generally smell it before they can see it.)  When this gruesome mix is ground and steam-cooked, the lighter, fatty material floating to the top gets refined for use in such products as cosmetics, lubricants, soaps, candles, and waxes.  The heavier protein material is dried and pulverized into a brown powder - about a quarter of which consists of fecal material.  The powder is used as an additive to almost all pet food as well as to livestock feed.  Farmers call it ‘protein concentrates’.  In 1995, five million tons of processed slaughterhouse leftovers were sold for animal feed in the United States.  I used to feed tons of the stuff to my own livestock.  It never concerned me that I was feeding cattle to cattle.”   

 The author (Tibbetts) knows of a woman whose father died in 2000 of mad cow disease in the U.S.  He is said to have been one of several in this small mid-western town to have died of this disease but the industry and government just say that it’s an odd occurrence.  These events are being covered up.

 Herbert Shelton, one of the founders of the Living Foods movement, has some good comments on meat eating.  “There was an Australian aborigine who justified his act of killing and roasting his wife by saying: ‘she tasted good.’   The cannibal goes out and hunts,
pursues and kills another man and proceeds to cook and eat him precisely as he would any other game.  There is not a single argument nor a single fact that can be offered in favor of flesh eating that cannot be offered, with equal strength in favor of cannibalism.”

 “It is a curious fact that, while flesh-eaters insist that flesh-food is a source of strength superior to plant-foods, they continue to confine themselves largely to muscle-flesh and this is definitely a deficient food.  Not only is it deficient, originally, but by the time the cooks have boiled, broiled, baked, fried and otherwise ‘prepared’ it, it is even more deficient.  It is deficient, both from its losses in cooking and from its changes while in storage.  It is replete with putrefactive poisons as well as with normal metabolic waste that was held up in the tissues of the animal at the time of death.” 

b.   A List of Some Problems and Dangers of Excess Protein:
 1.  Surplus protein ends up being stored as fat. Both meat and cheese have much more fat then protein in them.
 2.  Animal protein usually contains excess fat and excess cholesterol, these increase the risk of chronic diseases such as:
arthritis, diabetes, cancer. 
 3.  “According to a report by the National Research Council, fat is not the only thing that promotes tumor growth.  At the very least, the cancer-stimulating effects of excess fat and protein may turn out to reinforce each other.” 
 4.  “Researchers have shown that even purified animal protein, devoid of cholesterol, when substituted for vegetable protein, is associated with a significant rise in serum cholesterol.” 
 5.  Protein breaks down into ammonia and urea both of which are possible toxic nitrogen by-products.  Ammonia is carcinogenic and urea promotes arthritis. 
 6.  The sulfur by-product needs alkaline reserves to neutralize it, yet most people’s SAD diets, are acidic.
 7.  Bone minerals, calcium and magnesium are used to neutralize sulfur causing a loss of these bone minerals, and possibly causing osteoporosis.  
 8.  “One study showed that even a daily 2,300-milligram supplement of calcium could not compensate for the mineral-robbing effects of excess protein,   and many other studies have documented the adverse effects of excessive protein intake on calcium loss as well. 
 9.  Amyloid deposits cause degenerative changes, a shorter lifespan and premature aging from excess protein.
 10.  Cooking meat creates mutagens which alters the DNA of a cell increasing the risk of cancer and other degenerative diseases.
 11.  Research suggests that excess protein can be damaging to the kidneys and that high-protein diets may well contribute to the decline in kidney function that occurs as one grows older, usually this is attributed to old age.
 12.  Other studies suggest that diets high in animal protein increase one’s risk of kidney stones and gallstones.
 13.  The world’s food reserves are used up faster by those who eat excess protein since meat protein takes far more
food reserves then does vegetable proteins. 
 14.  Meat stirs up lust, anger, greed and other negative passions of the soul, which increases violence, rape and murder.

 30.   Additional Dangers of Sugar

 “Despite the overwhelming evidence that excess sugar is hazardous to our health, the average American consumes as much as 153 pounds of added sugar per year.  This is equivalent to over a half cup of sugar a day.  The average teenage boy eats twice that much.”     Most packaging tells how much sugar is in a product in grams but few know that there are approximately 4 grams of sugar in every teaspoon of sugar. 

 “The sugar-in-everything craze reached such a peak in this country that, during one four-year period in the 1960's, the amount of sugar used in processed food increased a whopping 50 percent.”     “Sugar addiction is a worldwide phenomenon today.  World

production in 1975 will exceed 150 billion pounds.   Prices have zoomed but per capita consumption ranges from over one hundred pounds per person per year in rich countries like the U.S. to less than ten pounds per capita in underdeveloped lands.”  

 Several societies in the Mediterranean are free of heart or circulatory disease, though their diet is up to 70% fat.  The same is true for certain Eastern European cultures.  In the past 20 years, attempts have been made by medical men and the media to lay the blame on fats in our diet.  Fats are only a part of the problem, although for the societies mentioned, they pose no problem at all.  What else, then, in our diet is to blame?  SUGAR IS MORE DANGEROUS THAN FAT.  While fat can be natural, white sugar is dangerous because it is always unnatural.  White sugar is a refined food and has no nutritional value, sugar in fruits and vegetables is natural.  In fact, its consumption actually leads to a removal of nutrients from the body.  

 One thing a lot of people are not aware of is that brown sugar and raw sugar are nothing more than white sugar with molasses added.  About 5 percent molasses is added to raw sugar and about 12 percent molasses is added for light brown sugar.  A special crystalization process produces the raw sugar effect.  It took years before the health food stores discovered the deception in the 1970's but even today the sugar industry still sells these products alongside white sugar.  Corn syrup is derived from cornstarch and is basically a liquid white sugar.

 “High intakes of simple sugars, found in soft drinks and other processed foods, cause cellular damage (AGEs or glycation) in animals, known to promote nerve damage, premature aging in animals, and possibly degenerative brain diseases including Alzheimer’s.”  

 Another major product highly dependent on sugar are soft drinks.  All the soft drinks - carbonated cola, root beer and others -
contain large quantities of sugar “cut” by an acid.  The amount of acid in the average cola drink is about the same as that  in vinegar, its pH being about 2.6, but the addition of sugar makes it palatable.  Dr. H. H. Turner (Pennsylvania Medical Journal, May, 1944) wrote that carbon dioxide is the eye’s worst enemy and he attributes that alarming increase in myopia “to the pernicious guzzling of carbonated beverages by young children today.”  The carbon dioxide circulates in the blood.

 Ten ounces of soft drink is estimated to rob the body of 16 billion times a trillion oxygen molecules, because its acid pH gobbles up oxygen like mad with all the sugar and stuff in there.   But what is worse is the phosphoric acid prevents children from laying down bone density.  It causes calcium to flush out of the urine.   We only build bone density for the first 25-30 years of our life, after that it’s a battle to keep from losing it.  So the children today that drink the high amounts of soft drinks will have raging osteoarthritis in their late age, in fact we’re already seeing it in ten, eleven and twelve year olds who have adult onset diabetes and osteoporosis.  This is really a big problem with soft drinks.  The body was intended to drink good clean water, not carbonated acid drinks filled with sugar.  
 Commercial wine today is produced in huge containers and sulfur dioxide is put into the headpiece of the containers to stop the yeast action during fermentation.  Thus sulfate or sulfites are left in the wine from this sulfur dioxide.  Power plants put out sufites as fossil fuel, creating acid rain.  

 “Some studies find that kids on high-sugar diets do worse on IQ tests, get poorer grades, and have more mood swings.  Certain children, such as those with attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity, are often super-sensitive to high sugar intakes.  PET scans show their brains do not burn glucose as efficiently.  High blood sugar stimulates a greater release of cortisol - the ‘fight or flight’ hormone - in such children.”  

 A Dr. Frederick Banting received a Nobel Prize in 1923 for his discovery of how to extract insulin from animals in slaughter houses, which drug companies later used for diabetics. 
“Dr. Banting later tried to tell us that his discovery was merely a palliative, not a cure and that the way to prevent diabetes was to cut down on ‘dangerous sugar bingeing.’

 “‘In the U.S. the incidence of diabetes has increased proportionately with the per capita consumption of sugar,’ Dr. Banting later wrote.  ‘In the heating and recrystallization of the natural sugar cane, something is altered which leaves the refined products a dangerous foodstuff.’”   

 One major study by three British scientists who looked at the various world populations is worth noting.  “Their exploratory range covers the Zulu in his tribal lands contrasted with his suddenly urbanized cousins; U.S. blacks, contrasted with other Africans; Indians in India compared with Indians in South Africa; Cherokee Indians compared with East Pakistanis; Eskimos stacked against Icelanders; Yemenites in their own lands compared with Yemenites who have jetted to a new life in Israel.  Sugar consumption is related to physical degeneration on a global scale. 

 “This prophetic and devastating work is the work of Surgeon-Captain T.L. Cleave (retired from the Royal Navy); Dr. G.D. Campbell, of the Diabetic Clinic of King Edward VIII Hospital in Durban, South Africa; and Professor N.S. Painter of London’s Royal College of Surgeons.  The second edition of Diabetes, Coronary Thrombosis, and the Saccharine Disease, published by John Wright and Son, Ltd., in England, came out in 1969.  Here are some of their conclusions:

 The different symptoms of arsenic poisoning, syphilis, or other diseases (due to a single cause) are not normally treated as separate diseases, so why should the multiple symptoms caused by sugar be so treated?  Of all foods processed by man, refined
carbohydrates like sugar and white flour are altered the most: 90 percent of the cane of beet is removed, 30 percent of the wheat.  Changes produced by cooking food are trifling in comparison. 
 This perversion of natural food is so recent in the total history of man that it dates only to yesterday.  Man is fully able to live on plants - millions of whole rice eaters in the Orient have done so for centuries.  Where men live on whole foods, sugar diseases are strikingly absent.  Refinement of carbohydrates like white sugar and white flour affects the human body in three main ways: 
 1.  Man-refined sugar is eight times as concentrated as flour, and eight times as unnatural - perhaps eight times as dangerous.  It is the unnaturalness that deceives the tongue and appetite, leading to over consumption.  Who would eat 2 ½  pounds of sugar beets a day?  Yet the equivalent in refined sugar is a mere 5 ounces.  Over consumption produces diabetes, obesity, and coronary thrombosis among other things.
 2.   Removal of natural vegetable fiber produces tooth decay, diseases of the gums, stomach trouble, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, and diverticular disease. 
 3.  Removal of proteins causes peptic ulcers.

 It would be extraordinary if sugar and white flour, known to wreak havoc on the teeth, did not also have profound repercussions elsewhere in the body.  Coronary disease has heretofore been regarded as a “complication” of diabetes.  Both coronary disease and diabetes have a common cause:  White sugar and white flour.    

 Indians in Natal, South Africa, consume nine times the amount of sugar that Indians in India consume, and the former have suffered a veritable explosion of diabetes - it is believed to be the highest anywhere in the world.  If the masses in India ever have that much sugar available, the consequence within a decade or two are ‘too frightening to contemplate.’    

31.  Poisons and Toxins in Processed Foods

 Poisons are usually coming from outside of the body and toxins are generally colloidal poisonous substances that are the product of the metabolic activities of the living organism, unstable and toxic when introduced. 

 The question may arise, what poisons and toxins in my body?  Or more appropriately,  Have you had your poisons today?    Many books have been written to answer that question.  Today there are many chemicals that have toxic effects on the body.  These can come from prescription drugs, cleaning compounds, kitchen detergents, garden insecticides and industrial chemicals.  A few of the common poisons are: Carbon monoxide from air pollution; DDT and other pesticides sprayed on foods; mercury; lead from gasoline, paint and other industrial sources; ozone, nitrogen dioxide and cadmium are air pollutants coming from smog; wax sprayed on fruits and vegetables to give a longer shelf life and makes them look better; most food colorings are synthetic and coal-tar based; artificial flavorings are either natural or synthetic and comprise about two thirds of all food additives used in America.  And irradiation kills the enzymes not just bacteria and germs.

 Examples of unnatural chemicals found in the house could be: Arsenic in bug killer; Antimony in eye liner; Barium in lipstick; Cobalt in laundry and dishwater detergent; Copper in water from old metal pipes; Titanium in metal dental ware; Lead in solder in copper pipe joints; Chromium in eyebrow pencils and water softener salts; Vanadium in diesel fuel, candles; Nickel in metal jewelry, metal glasses, watch bands and tooth fillings; Freon in refrigerators, air conditioners and spray cans; Mercy and Thallium in cotton balls, sanitary napkins; Dysprosium in paint and varnish; Holmium in hand cleaners; Hafnium in nail polish and hair spray; Bismuth in cologne; Cesium in clear glass plastic; Tin and Strontium in toothpaste; Erbium in foil packaging; Radon in crawlspaces under the house; Anthanum in copier ink; Aluminum in salt, cans, lotions; Tungsten in
electric frying pans, hair curlers, toasters and tea kettles; Beryllium in lawn mowers and kerosene; Formaldehyde in foam mattresses, new clothing, foam chairs. 

 “During the past three decades, surveillance of toxic exposure in the U.S. population has been a routine governmental practice.   Since 1970, for example, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has conducted the National Human Adipose Tissue Survey (NHATS) to determine the prevalence of fat-soluble toxins in the fat cells in U.S. citizens.    The 1986 version of this survey, for example, analyzed 671 adipose tissue specimens to determine the prevalence of 111 toxic compounds.”   

 Studies on tissues and body fluids and bone show the presence of numerous toxins in the body, including toxins that could be in the food or the environment: DDE & DDT &, B-BHC,    TCDD,    p-DCB,    Lead,    Mercury,   Cadmium,    PBBs,   2,5-DCP & l-naphthol & 3,5,6-TCP & 2-naphthol & 3,5,6-TCP & PCP, 4-nitrophenol, (pesticide residues in urine in adults in U.S.)     Styrene & Vinyl chloride (packaging migrant),   Toluene (Solvent),    Xylene (solvent) . 

 And there are also toxins directly related to or in the foods:  Acetone (pesticide solvent),     Arsenic (arsenical pesticides),     Benzene (solvent for pesticide formulations),    Bromobenzene (fumigant precursor),    Carbon tetrachloride (former fumigant),      Ethylene dibromide (fumigant),    Ethylene dichloride (fumigant),     Hexane (solvent),    Kepone (pesticide),   Methoxychlor (insecticide),    Methy isobutyl ketone (synthetic flavoring),    Methylene chloride (decaffeinator),  and studies on coal tar dye colorings containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.    

 Also there are toxins that have been detected in the research on soft drinks such as: Aniline and Napthylamine in all carbonated soft drinks,   Aluminum in carbonated cola cans and Aluminum in carbonated non-colas,    Aluminum in carbonated cola (in an
internally lacquered aluminum cans),    Acetaldehyde in all carbonated soft drinks,    DEP (diethyl phthalate) in all carbonated soft drinks.    Thus when you drink these soft drinks you could end up drinking these toxins as well. 

 Processed foods contain many of these poisons and toxins as just mentioned and the environment also contributes to this problem.  Fasting and Detox are the best way to get rid of toxins, a raw vegan diet would also help flush them out of the system.

33.    The Fasting of the Bible

 A healthy diet and also detox are both necessary for health and healing of the body.  Detox can take many forms but the main ways of detox back in biblical times are exercise and fasting.  They all worked hard. usually at physical labor to get their exercise, and fasting was a common experience among those people as the many references below indicate.  This section is edited out of Jim Tibbetts book:  Superior Health through Juice Fasting and Detox.

 The Torah: Gn 3:3, God gave the first commandment which involved not eating.  Gen 18.8, the angels follow the customs of men while on earth; Gen 24.33, Abraham’s servant sent to choose a wife for Isaac; Exod 34.28, Moses’ first forty-day fast on Mt. Sinai; Lev 16.29,31, The Day of Atonement; Lev 23.6, The Passover Abstinence; Lev 23.14, The first sheaf offering abstinence; Lev 23.27,32, the Day of Atonement; Num 6.1-4, the Nazirite vow; Num 29.7, the Day of Atonement; Deut 9.9,18, Moses’ forty-day fast, twice;

 The Historical Books: Jg 13.4, the Nazirite vow for Samson; Jg 20.26, the Israelites fasted and defeated the Benjamites; 1 Sam 1.7,8, Hannah refused to eat during the pilgrimage; 1 Sam 7.6, the Israelites fasted and defeated the Philistines; 1 Sam 14.24, Saul’s oath to fast during battle; 1 Sam 20.34, Jonathan grieved at Saul’s resolve to kill David; 1 Sam 28.20, Saul’s despair at Samuel’s message; 1 Sam 30.12; David feeds the Egyptian who had no nourishment for three days; 1 Sam 31.13, the seven day fast after Saul’s burial; 2 Sam 1.12, David and his men mourning and fasting seven days at Saul’s death; 2 Sam 3.35, David refused to eat before sunset at Abner’s death; 2 Sam 11.11, Uriah’s personal discipline in the time of war; 2 Sam 12.16,21.22, David’s grief and repentance before Bathsheba’s child’s death; 1 Kg 13.8,16, the prophet who prophesied against the altar; 1 Kg 17.6, Elijah’s restricted diet; 1 Kg 17.14-16, Elijah and the widow and son’s bread and water fast; 1 Kg
19.8, Elijah’s forty day waling fast to Mt. Horeb; 1 Kg 21.4, King Ahab laying down on his bed would not eat; 1 Kg 21.9,12, Ahab’s wife proclaimed a fast for Ahab; 1 Kg 21.27, Ahab’s repentance and fasting saved his life; 1 Chr 10.12, the Jabeshgilead warriors recovered Saul’s dead body and fasted seven days; 2 Chr 20.3, Jehoshaphat proclaimed a fast for all Judah and obtained victory in battle; Ezra 8.21,23, Ezra proclaimed a fast for their safe journey which was granted; Ezra 9.3,4,  Ezra’s denunciation of mixed marriages remains motionless; Ezra 10.6, Ezra’s mourning the betrayal by the exiles; Neh 1.4, Nehemiah’s prayer and fasting for Jerusalem; Neh 9.1, Ezra’s reading from the Torah proclaiming fasting; Tb 12.8, Tobit delivered Sarah through Raphael’s instructions; Judith 8.6, Judith fasted all the days of her widowhood; Est 4.3, the Jews fasting and weeping their sentence of destruction, Est 4.16, Esther’s proclamation of the three day total fast; Est 9.31, Esther’s fast is successful to save the Jewish race; 1 Mac 3.17, Judas and his army, weak from fasting, defeated the Gentiles by Heaven’s strength; 1 Mac 3.47, Judas and the Israelite again defeated a larger army of Gentiles through prayer and fasting; 2 Mac 13.12, Judas and his men ward off the Syrians after three days of prayers, prostrations and fasting.
 The Wisdom Books: Job 1.20-2.13, Job’s mourning ritual silently sitting on the ground;  Job 33.20, Elihu’s speech and appetite; Ps 35.13, David intercedes with prayer and fasting;  Ps 42.1.3, the thirsting soul’s food is tears; Ps 69.11, David’s lament humbled himself with fasting; Ps 102.4, a loss of appetite during distress; Ps 107.18, food became repugnant during distress; the cause of David’s physical weakness;  Sir 34.26, true worship with fasting.

 The Prophetic Books: Is 58, the kind of fasting which pleases God; Jer 14.12, that which is unacceptable to God; Jer 36.6, 9, Baruch reading Jeremiah’s scroll on a fast day; Dan 1.12-16, Daniel and his companions refuse the king’s food; Dan 6.18, Darius when Daniel was in the lions’ den; Dan 9.3, Daniel praying for Jerusalem; Dan 10.2,3, Daniel’s three weeks’ partial fast,; Joel 1.14, in view of
the Day of the Lord,: Joel 2.12, when returning to God with all the heart; Joel 2.15, proclaimed by blowing a trumpet in Zion; Jonah 3.5-9, Jonah proclaimed by the people and the king of Nineveh; Zech 7.3-5, with mourning in the fifth and seventh months; Zech 8.19, kept in the fourth (April), fifth (May), seventh (July) and tenth (October) months.

 The Four Gospels: Matt 4.2, the forty day fast of Jesus; Matt 6.16-18, not to be practiced as the hypocrites do; Mat 9.14,15, by the Pharisees and John’s disciples; Matt 9.15, by the guests when the bridegroom has departed; Matt 11.18, the character of John the Baptist; Matt 15.32 the four thousand were hungry before our Lord fed them; Matt 17.21, this kind can only come forth by it; Mk 2.18, by John’s disciples and the Pharisees; Mk 2.19,20, by the guests when the bridegroom has departed; Mk 8.3 the hungry four thousand fed by Jesus; Mk 9.29, only cast out by it; Lk 2.37, by Anna worshiping in the temple; Lk 4.2 the forty day fast of Jesus; Lk 5.33, by John’s disciples and the Pharisees; Lk 5.34,35, by the guests when the bridegroom has departed; Lk 7.33, the character of John the Baptist; Lk 18.12, by the Pharisee, twice a week.

 The Acts and Letters: Acts 9.9, Saul after his encounter with Christ; Acts 10.30; by Cornelius when an angel appeared to him; Acts 13.2,3, by prophets and teachers in Antioch; Acts 14.23, at the appointment of elders in the churches; Acts 23.12-21, by Jews under an oath to kill Paul; Acts 27.9, allusion to the annual Day of Atonement; Acts 27.21,33, by those with Paul before the shipwreck; Rom 14.21, abstaining for the sake of a weaker brother; 1 Cor 7.5, in the marriage relationship; 1 Cor 8.13, abstaining for the sake of a weaker brother; 2 Cor 11.27, in the list of Paul’s sufferings; 1 Tim 4.3, false teachers commanding abstinence.  

 The lengths of fasting differed according to the situation.  The Jewish method of reckoning a day was from sunset to sunset (Gen 1:5, 6, 31).   Thus the Old Testament one day fast was usually from sunset to sunset (Judg 20:26; 1 Sam 14:24; 2 Sam 1:12; 3:35).   And
also the fast on the Day of Atonement lasted a full day, twenty-four hours from sun down until the next sundown (Lev 23:26-32). 

 “Generally speaking, during biblical times Hebrews ate only two meals each day, one between about nine in the morning and noon and the other in the evening.”     Thus some of the one day fasts were really only skipping the morning meal. 

 The ancient Jewish people fasted for one day or three days or seven days, or an unspecified number of days, as is mentioned in the Hebrew scriptures.  The forty day fasts by Moses and Elijah and later by Jesus were special and never part of any festival or laws.

 The forty day fasts were by Moses in the presence of God (Deut 9:9, 18; Ex 34:28).  And Elijah on his long journey to Horeb the mount of God (1 Kgs 19:8).   Jesus also fasted for forty days.
Some references for a seven day fast include: 
-  At the death of Saul, “they fasted for seven days.”  1 Ch 10:12,  1 Sam 31:13. 
-  David’s seven day fast for the sick child.  2 Sam 12. 
-  And possibly Hanna’s fasting period at Shiloh.  1 Sam 1.7  
-   Job upon hearing of the death of his children.  Job 1ff 
-   It also makes sense that an observant Jew would have fasted for seven days (Sabbath to Sabbath) on the various festivals where fasting is optional.

A fourteen day fast
-  Paul’s journey to Rome, the sailors “had gone without food for a long time.”  “At dawn Paul urged all on board to take some food:  ‘For fourteen days you have been in constant suspense; you have gone hungry - eaten nothing’”  (Acts 2:21, 33).

The three day fasts include:
-  Queen Esther to stop the destruction of the
Jews.  Esther 4:15-16 
“Go and assemble all the Jews now in Susa and fast for me.  Do not eat or drink day or night for three days.  For my part, I and my maids will keep the same fast.”  Est 4:16
-  David after their city, Ziklag was raided.  1 Sam 30.  
-  When Judas learned of the large invading force, “When they had all joined in doing this, and had implored the merciful Lord continuously with weeping and fasting and prostrations for three days, Judas encouraged them to stand ready.”  1 Mac 13.12
-  “When they have all, as one man, obeyed his instructions and had made their petitions to the merciful Lord, weeping, fasting and prostrating themselves for three days
 continuously...”   2 Mac 13:12 
- Jonah in the belly of the whale.  Jonah 2.1   

 The Four Seasons of Fasting can be found in analyzing scripture.  There is evidence that there were four major times of fasting a year which was followed by feasting for the Jewish people.  “Yahweh Sabaoth says this.  The fast of the fourth month, the fast of the fifth, the fast of the seventh and the fast of the tenth are to become gladness and happiness and the days of joyful feasting for the House of Judah.”  Zech 8:19 

 Thus there were four times a year (spring, summer, fall and winter) that fasting for the Jewish people, could have been part of their tradition.  In the spring would have been Passover and the fast on Unleavened Bread and water (or just a water fast) which was in the spring (April or May).  In the summer would be the fast of Tisha B'Av (July or August) for one to seven or nine days.  In the fall would have been the fast Yon Kippur (September or October) for one day and possibly up to seven days.  And then in the winter (February or March) was the one to three days fast of Esther for Purim, which could have become another seven day fast.  

 Two other possible times of extended fasting could have existed.  First on the Feast of Dedication, Hanukkah, an eight day
feast in December.  It has seven days of sanctification and the eight day of holiness dedicated to the Lord.   

 Second the biblical feast is the Feast of Tabernacles or Sukkot, involves temporary shelters, or booths which are lived in for seven days, late September or early October.  For some of the orthodox Jews this seven days in the booths could have been a seven day fast.  Since Rosh Hashanah is two weeks earlier, the Jew would have either done a seven day fast on the Rosh Hashanah or a seven day fast on Feast of Tabernacles, but not both. 
 A summary of the four seasons of fasting for the ancient Jewish festivals, (and two other possible festivals) could have been as follows:   
1.  Spring  -  Fast on Unleavened Bread and water, or this could have been just a water fast, after Passover (April or May), one day to seven days. 
2.   Summer   -  Fast of Tisha B'Av or ninth of Av (July or                        August) was for one to seven or nine days.  
3.   Fall   -  Fast of Rosh Hashanah to Yom Kippur, (September or October) was one to seven to nine days.  A week of Atonement rather than just one day of Atonement. 
4.   Winter   -  Fast of Esther for Purim, (February or March)             was one to three or seven days. 
 Other optional possible fast times.
5.  Winter  -  Hanukkah  - possible one to seven day
fast in December.
6.  Fall       -  Sukkot   - possible one to seven day fast in late September, early October, instead of a seven day fast connected to Rosh Hashanah two weeks earlier.  
 After the destruction of the second Temple some of the biblical fasts changed drastically in order to accommodate the loss of animal sacrifice.  But these changes would not have effected the Blessed Virgin Mary who was well established in her dietary and fasting practices in connection with the Biblical festivals.   These fasts were in place before the destruction of the second Temple, in the time that Jesus and Mary lived.  Thus devout Jews like Jesus and Mary would have joined in with the rest of the worshiping community in fasting during these times. 

 The scholastic difficulty is that, there are different Jewish traditions and interpretations of the Bible (just as there are many different Christian traditions) that have developed over the last 2,000 years.  And after the destruction of the temple many things changed.  The Modern Jews today still recognize that there are four separate days of fasting:
-   Day of Atonement;
-   Fast after Rosh Hashanah. 
-   Day before Purim;
-   Anniversary of Destruction of the Temple (Tisha B’Av
        or 9th of Az);
-   And also the day before Passover is considered a half fast day. 
 Modern observances are often different in practice and meaning than they were 2,000 years ago.  The Biblical festivals and fast as described above are what Jesus and Mary were involved in to some degree or another. 

 The question of fasting for therapy needs to be brought up, did the ancient Jews use fasting as a means of healing illness and diseases?  Let us look at the modern research today to answer this question.   One of the most well known fasting experts this century is Dr. Herbert Shelton.  In one of his books,  Fasting for the Health of It,  he presents 100 case studies from 11 different doctors and Hygienic practitioners, that have been cured through fasting.  Most of these cases are serious medical cases which were healed either partially or totally.
 Dr. Shelton gives two studies in the appendix which can be summarized here to show the healing effect of fasting.  One study by two doctors in Escondido, California listed the diseases: High Blood Pressure, Colitis, Sinusitis, Anemia, Hemorrhoids, Arthritis, Bronchitis, Kidney Disease, Benign Tumors, Heart Disease, Asthma, Ulcers, Hay Fever, Goiter, Pyorrhea, Gallstones, Cancer, Multiple Sclerosis.  Out of 714 cases there were; 654 Cases improved or remedied; 60 Cases
not helped. 
 Another study in Hyde Park, New York listed the diseases: High Blood Pressure, Arthritis, Nasal Catarrh, Constipation, Hepatitis, Goiter, Psoriasis, Heart Disease, Mental Disorders, Bronchitis, Colitis, Hemorrhoids, Varicose Veins, Hay Fever.  Out of 447 cases there were; 318 Cases recovered, 113 Cases improved; 17 Cases not helped. 
 The number one reason for prescription drugs and visits to doctor offices is high blood pressure.  The diseases directly related to high blood pressure or hypertension is cardiovascular disease, strokes and congestive heart failure.  This is also the number one killer of people in the U.S.  Back in biblical times their stress level was probably just as high if not higher, we always see these romanticized shows on television about ancient bible times but they lived a much harder and more dangerous life-style than we do today with all our modern conveniences, safety and security.
 The cardiovascular system gets better when a person fasts, blood pressure goes down and normalizes, and they get off most if not all their medications, this has been shown time and time again.  In a peer reviewed journal on high blood pressure it showed that fasting has about three times greater effectiveness in reducing hypertension over other methods.  Of  174 consecutive hypertensive patients treated at a facility with medically supervised water fasting (10-11 days on average) almost 90% of the subjects achieved blood pressure less than 140/90 mm Hg by the end of the treatment

 Fasting was one of the few methods of healing used back in biblical times and probably with similar results.  The previous research cited indicates that vegetarians are healthier then meat eaters.   Here it indicates that faster’s are healthier than non-faster’s.  Since we hypothesize that Jesus and Mary were both  vegetarians and involved in fasting, the probability is that they were healthier then most people back in biblical times and probably remained healthy throughout their life.  

 One of the fathers of modern fasting, Proffesor Ehret comments that, “For thousands of years fasting has been recognized as nature’s supreme curative measure.  But the art of when, why and how to fast has been, with a very few exceptions, lost by those living in present day civilization.”  “Incidentally, moderate eaters and people who frequently fast have a very fine, spiritual facial expression, for instance, it is said that Pope Leo XIII, the great faster, had a very clear, almost transparent complexion.” 

 Paul Bragg PhD, ND, tells how on a trip to the Holy Land he went to the place where Jesus fasted in the desert.  He came upon a monastery with elderly Greek monks living in poverty.  He was greeted by them and showed the monastery and the grotto where Jesus fasted.  “The monks told me that they fasted two days every week, and once a year fasted forty days and nights in the grotto.  They felt that this fasting had not only given them great spiritual enlightenment, but had also added many vigorous years to their lives.  Their appearance bore them out.  Although far along in calendar years, these men had great flexibility in their bodies.  It required a lot of physical stamina to keep the monastery in good condition in this rugged, barren wilderness and oven heat.  All were lean and muscular, with the glow of health to their skin and bright, keen
eyes - none wore glasses.” 

 A development from fasting on water to water with juices
added probably also occurred over the centuries.  In biblical times as today there were probably two kinds of water fasting: the ‘Water Fast’ and the ‘Water Fast with Juices’.  The water fast is nothing but water the whole time while on the fast, from beginning to end.

 The ‘Water with Juices’ is water with a little juice added in.  Back in biblical times they did not have juice like we have it today but they did have a lot of vines with grapes and other fruit. Or they may have added some honey to the water to sweeten it.  The reason for doing this was for taste and energy.  Just drinking water for three or seven days can be hard on the taste buds, digestion and energy levels especially with unpurified mineral water which most likely was the kind of water they were drinking.  In their rugged lifestyle in the hot sun the added energy from adding fruit sugar or honey to the water would seem a natural thing to do.  

 The famous Paul Bragg ND, PhD who fasted people for over 70 years    used to allow a glass of water with lemon and honey.  He said that the lemon and honey also helped to over come the taste of water  He also wrote that it gave a little extra energy boost and the lemon helped to clean out the intestines. 
 Water fasting is definitely a more difficult type of fasting and harsher on the body, while water with juice fasting is more gentle.  But water fasting does allow quicker weight loss and may provide a deeper cleanse into the tissues, which is beneficial for helping the healing process in degenerative diseases.   Most fasting clinics around the world that supervise water fasting encourage the people to spend most of their time in bed resting and conserving energy. 

 On a juice fast a person can work a full week and labor in the hot fields.  But to do a water fast and try working full days is difficult.  The fruit sugar in juice fasting gives the energy to work but on a water fast you just do not have that extra energy.  Back in biblical times, life was a lot more rugged and difficult, they had sheep and chores to attend to and probably could not just take a week
off to fast.

 Jesus went into the desert and did a 40 day water fast.  This is a very difficult fast to accomplish in the hot dessert sun.   He most likely did nothing but rest the whole time, with a little walking and a lot of prayer.   

 Juice fasting consists of drinking fruit and vegetable juices, and herbal teas.  These are easily assimilated into the upper digestive tract and do not stimulate the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. 

 Water fasting has been around for thousands of years whereas juice fasting has mostly developed as a practice in this century.  The question has been asked if juice fasting is a real fast or just a liquid diet?   Dr. Airola, PhD., ND, responds, “Any condition when your body is encouraged to initiate the process of autolysis, or self-digestion, is fasting.  During juice fasting, when no solid foods, proteins or fats are consumed, your body will decompose and burn all the diseased and inferior protein and fat tissues, just as it does during the water fast.  Juices are absorbed directly into the bloodstream without the usual
process of digestion.” 

 Dr. Airola presents a list of scientific justifications for juice fasting which he bases on physiological facts and professional opinions.
 1.  Raw Juices and broths “are rich in vitamins, minerals, trace elements and enzymes.”
 2.  “These vital elements are very easily assimilated directly into the bloodstream, without putting a strain on the digestive system - thus they do not disrupt the healing and rejuvenating process of autolysis, or self-digestion.”
 3.  Juices “do not stimulate the secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach.”
 4.  “The nutritive elements from the juices are extremely
beneficial in normalizing all the body processes, supplying needed elements for the body’s own healing activity and cell regeneration, and, thus, speeding the recovery.”
 5.  “Raw juices and vegetable broths provide an alkaline surplus which is extremely important for the proper acid-alkaline balance in the blood and tissues, since blood and tissues contain large amounts of acids during fasting.” 
 6.  “Generous amounts of minerals in the juices, particularly in the vegetable broth, help to restore the biochemical and mineral balance in the tissues and cells.”
 7.  Numerous fasting clinics and experts make scientific claims as well:   a) “According to Dr. Ralph Bircher, raw juices contain an as yet unidentified factor which stimulates what he calls a micro-electric tension in the body and is responsible for the cells’ ability to absorb nutrients from the blood stream and effectively excrete metabolic wastes.” 
 b) Dr. Ragnar Berg a leading authority on nutrition and biochemistry states; “During fasting the body burns up and excretes huge amounts of accumulated wastes.  We can help this cleansing process by drinking alkaline juices instead of water while fasting.  I have supervised many fasts and made extensive tests of fasting patients, and I am convinced that drinking alkaline-forming fruit and vegetable juices, instead of water, during fasting will increase the healing effect of fasting.  Elimination of uric acid and other inorganic acids will be accelerated.  And sugars in juices will strengthen the heart...Juice fasting is, therefore, the best form of fasting.”    
 c) Dr. Otto H.F. Buchinger at his clinic has supervised over 80,000 fasts and employs only juice fasting.  “He told me that, in his experience, fasting on the fresh raw juices of fruits and vegetables, plus vegetable broths and herb teas, results in much faster recover from disease and more effective cleansing and rejuvenation of the tissues than does the traditional water fast.” 

 Drinking juices allows for the body to assimilate all of the vital substances in the quickest possible time.  It may only take ten to fifteen minutes to assimilate juices properly made.  But it may take
several hours to digest juice that is still in the pulp or liquefied stage (with solids).  Juices give the cells in the body all the elements they need in a way that is easily assimilated. 

 Dr. Walker emphasizes that, “During a fast we eat no food whatever.  We drink large quantities of water or fruit juices somewhat diluted with water.  This dilution is necessary because otherwise the burning up of debris in the system becomes too severe or concentrated.  Fruits are the cleansers of the body, and, particularly during a fast, they must be used with discretion, although we may take as much fruit as we want, with benefit, at other times. 

 The amount of such liquid taken during a fast has usually been not less than 2 quarts, but preferably one gallon or a little more throughout each day of the fast.”  

 Both Jesus and Mary would have been involved in fasting, we have no evidence which kind of fasting (water or water & juice but it was probably water only) and as we shall see next they were also involved in a vegetarian dietary lifestyle. 

34.   The Vegetarianism of the Old Testament

 The following sections on vegetarianism and scripture are edited from the authors: Biblical Nutrition, Vegetarianism of Jesus and Mary.
 The first mention that man is meant to live a vegetarian diet is in the book of Genesis.  In the beginning in the Garden of Eden Adam and Eve were raw vegans (they ate no animal products):  “God said, ‘See, I give you all the seed-bearing plants that are upon the whole earth, and all the trees with seed-bearing fruit; this shall be your food.”  Gn 1.29  Other verses confirming this are when God commanded man saying: “of every tree of the garden, thou mayest freely eat...”  “...and thou shalt eat the herbs of the field.”   Gen 2:16;

 In the Garden even the animals were vegetarian:  Then God said:  “To all wild beasts, all birds of heaven and all living reptiles on the earth I give all the foliage of plants for food.  And so it was.  God saw all he had made, and indeed it was very good.”  Gen 1:30, 31   Everything on earth was as God wanted it as He said, it was very good.

 The Garden of Eden is the Jewish paradigm of a perfect world where harmony and peace existed between animals and man.  Even after the banishment from the Garden of Eden humans were not allowed to eat animals.  It was not until after the flood that meat became a concession for humans.   Then in Genesis 6.3: “Yahweh said, ‘My spirit must not for ever be disgraced in man, for he is but flesh; his life shall last no more than a hundred and twenty years.’” 

 Following this is the flood and Noah who was 600 years old at the flood.  Others still lived a long life but it went down and Abraham lived to 175 years old.   

 Before the flood scripture states:  “For your part provide yourself with eatables of all kinds, and lay in a store of them, to serve as food for yourself and them.  Noah did this; he did all that God had ordered him.”  Gn 6.21,22 

 Then after the flood God said;  “Every living and crawling thing shall provide food for you, no less than the foliage of plants.”  Gn 9.3   Thus the new world order after the flood included an expansion of the diet that God seems to have allowed man to eat including fish, fowl and animals.  Why did God allow this?  This was a concession or perhaps punishment on God’s part, “because of man, because his heart contrives evil from his infancy.  Never again will I strike down every living thing as I have done.”  Gn 8.21 

 Humans and animals were in harmony but after man started
eating animals the animals began to fear and dread man.  God’s concession is found in Genesis 9.2,3: “Dread fear of you shall come upon all the animals of the earth and all the birds of the air, upon all the creatures that move about on the ground and all the fishes of the sea; into your power they are delivered.  Every creature that is alive shall be yours to eat; I give them all to you as I did the green plants.”

 The next verse 9.5, presents meat eating, as an accounting, perhaps as a slow suicide in which God presents a penalty of a person’s life being shortened by eating something that they were not meant to eat.  “For your own lifeblood, too, I will demand an accounting: from every animal I will demand it, and from man in regard to his fellow man I will demand an accounting for human life.”   Thus the decrease in Biblical life spans back then, and today we know this is true because of the many degenerative diseases that a meat-centered diet causes.  

 During the Garden of Eden, ‘the age of innocence’, was the time that man was living the strict raw vegetarian diet and he lived a long, long life, over 800 years.  Afterwards during the age of man’s ‘heart contriving evil’, when he could eat meat, his life dropped to 120 years.  There is evidence that 120 years old is a very possible age to reach on a raw vegan diet today.  Some of this evidence was presented earlier in: O - Optimum Health.

 In the Torah, God connects meat with uncontrolled dietary lust (Deut 12.20) God permitted the Jews to eat meat.  But vegetarian foods God looks upon with favor:  “But Yahweh your God is bringing you into a prosperous land, a land of streams and springs, of waters that well up from the deep in valleys and hills, a land of wheat and barley, of vines, of figs, of pomegranates, a land of olives, of oil, of honey...”  Deut 8.7,8.
The attitude of Yahweh to a vegetarian diet is always positive and uplifting.  Whereas, eating meat brings penalty, eating a vegetarian diet brings God’s blessings.

 “The Encyclopaedia Judaica notes that “meat is never included among the staple diet of the children of Israel, which is confined to agricultural products, of which the constantly recurring expression in the Bible is ‘grain and wine and oil’ (Deuteronomy 11:14) or the seven agricultural products enumerated in Deuteronomy 8:8.”   The concepts of the “good and fertile land,” a land blessed by God has no images of the abundance of meat for human consumption.  The rabbis point out that the eating of meat is often associated with gluttony, self indulgence, and disaster, as the event at Kibroth-hatavah foreshadows.  The description of God’s anger, loathing, and contempt for this request for meat is undisguised: 

‘Say to the people: Be ready for tomorrow and you shall eat meat, for you have kept whining before the Lord and saying, “If only we had meat to eat!  Indeed, we were better off in Egypt!”  The Lord will give you meat and you shall eat.  You shall eat not one day, not two, not even five days or ten, or twenty, but a whole month, until it comes out of your nostrils and becomes loathesome to you (Numbers 11:18-20).’

 Louis Berman suggests that the early rabbinic rejection of vegetarianism - a matter that was debated in the Talmud - was a reaction to the growing numbers of ascetic sects, whose practice of vegetarianism was advocated or coupled with the practice of celibacy.” 

 Manna in the desert was another non-meat diet, it was a vegetarian food, “like coriander seed” Num 11.7.  For forty years the Israelites were fed in the desert on manna; “Behold!  I shall rain down for you food from heaven;...It is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat.”  Exod 16.4,5.
 Yet the Children of Israel were not satisfied, “The foreign elements were overcome by greed, and the sons of Israel themselves began to wail again, ‘Who will give us meat to eat?’”   “The anger of Yahweh flared out, and Moses greatly worried over this.”  Thus
Yahweh gave them meat in the form of quail driven by the wind of the sea.  “The meat was still between their teeth, not even chewed, when the anger of Yahweh blazed out against the people.  Yahweh struck them with a very great plague.  The name given to this place was Kibroth-hattaavah (‘The Graves of Lust’, indicating the lust of the flesh which led to many deaths.).   Num 11.4-33. 

 God did not want the Israelites to go back to the meat eating diet they had left in Egypt but some of “the foreign elements” (others slaves who left Egypt with the Jews) Num 11.4, lusted for the meat and influenced the Israelites with this desire.  Thus God gave permission but with restrictions, as a concession to dietary lusts of a desiring people.

 When Israelites were in the desert, the eating of unconsecrated meat for private consumption, without being first brought to the temple was not allowed.  The animals needed to be killed and eaten only as part of the sacrificial service in the
sanctuary.      Lev 17.3-5; Deut 1213-28. 

 The laws of kashrut can lead to a reverence for life.  Yet since the blood is the life of the body, Jews are forbidden to eat blood.  “For the life of the flesh is in the blood.”  Lev 17:11   By this verse alone some Jews may have been a vegetarian even during Passover.   “While most Jewish scholars assume that all Jews ate meat during the time that the Temple stood, it is significant that some (Tosafot, Yoma 3a, and Rabbeinu, Sukkah 42b) assert that even during the Temple period it was not an absolute requirement to eat meat.”     

 First we read that God makes a statement that man can eat meat, “Every living and crawling thing shall provide food for you, no less than the foliage of plants.  I give you everything, with this exception: you must not eat flesh with life, that is to say blood, in it.”   Gen 9:4   Thus the first prohibition is the blood, which implied respect for the principle of life (“for the blood is the life.”) and this could be an allusion that all meat is prohibited that has blood in it. 
 Then the next statement that God makes is: “I will demand an account of your life-blood.  I will demand an account from every beast and from man.”  Gen 9:5   The immediate connection looks as if there is a penalty for eating meat, a slow form of suicide through the loss of our blood or life, and our life will be shortened. 

 Animal sacrifice may represent the most provocative content of the Book of Leviticus, but the central problem of the book is how to transform the Israelites into a holy people.  Five times the command is repeated: ‘Ye shall be holy, for I am holy.’  The word kodesh, meaning ‘holiness’ or ‘holy,’ appears in Leviticus about 150 times.  The attainment of holiness may sound like a strange goal to a modern secular reader, but as we continue to read Leviticus, we see holiness ‘operationally defined’ as finding a heterosexual partner outside the family, practicing generosity to the less fortunate, and dealing fairly with the stranger.  ‘Holiness’ turns out to be not so different from ‘psychological maturity,’ or becoming a real person, a mensch.

 Holiness is defined in part by various kinds of renunciation - renunciation of certain sexual practices (incest, bestiality, homosexuality) and renouncing of the ungoverned indulgence in animal flesh.  A compromise is made between the vegetarian ideal - symbolized in man’s mythical origin and destiny - and the reality of man’s appetite for animal flesh, by designating as clean only grazing animals
(vegetarian animals!).” 
 One of the first great leaders of vegetarianism was Judas Maccabee, the revolutionary.  In 167  BC:  “Judas, called Maccabaeus, however, with about nine others, withdrew into the wilderness and lived like wild animals in the hills with his companions, eating nothing but wild plants to avoid contracting defilement.”  2 Maccabees 5:27.   Judas Maccabee was the primary leader behind the great Jewish national liberation struggle which is commemorated by the festival of Hanukkah, the rededication of the
Temple.  Judas and his followers were the forerunners of other wilderness-dwelling, vegetable-eating persons, like John the Baptist. 

 Professor Kalechofsky points out that: “The first law of kashruth is, in fact, the commandment to be vegetarian: “I give you every seed-bearing plant that is upon all the earth and every tree that has seed-bearing fruit; these shall be yours for food.”  Genesis 1:29 

 Later God expresses dislike of meat sacrifices. “What are your endless sacrifices to me?  Says Yahweh. I am sick of holocausts of rams and the fat of calves. The blood of bulls and lambs and the goats revolts me.  Bring me your worthless offerings no more, the smoke of them fills me with disgust.  If you are willing to obey,  you shall eat the good things of the earth.”     Isaiah 1:11,13,19

 The laws of kashrut and those of shechitah (ritual slaughtering of animals for food) are a compromise between the ideal of vegetarianism and the lust of the flesh (carnivores).   Whereas kashrut is about having reverence for life and what one eats, when it is applied to killing an animal to eat the animal, it becomes a contradiction.  So the Jewish writers seem to try to rationalize this by trying to find the swiftest, most painless and humane way to kill an animal.  But this again is another contradiction since killing is not humane, and goes against the principles in the Torah.   

 The root of this problem goes back to the Jewish interpretation of the book of Leviticus.  Of the 613 commandments in the Torah, nearly half (247) are based upon Leviticus.  The Book of Leviticus is about the sacrificial system and animal slaughter and its related acts of worship. 

 “A major content of Leviticus is animal slaughter as a vehicle of worship.  Doesn’t this seem like an unlikely mode of worship to a God who commands compassion to all his creatures?  To come to grips with this monumental paradox, it is necessary to keep in mind two facts about the world of ancient Israel: 1.  The tribes of Israel
were a pastoral people and therefore a flesh-eating people.  2.  They inhabited a world in which blood sacrifices, both animal and human, were widely practiced.
 The Jewish philosopher Abarbanel cites a Midrash which indicated that the Jews had become accustomed to sacrifices in Egypt.  Even though God tolerated the sacrifices, to wean them away from these idolatrous practices, they had to be offered in one central sanctuary:

“Thereupon the Holy One, blessed by He, said ‘Let them
at all times offer their sacrifices before Me in the Tabernacle, and they will be weaned from idolatry, and thus saved.’”    
 Biblical commentator David Kimhi (1160-1235) noted that the sacrifices were voluntary and nowhere in the Ten Commandments is there any reference to sacrifice, and even when the sacrifices are first mentioned (Lev 1:2) the expression used is “when any man of you bringeth an offering”, literally “if”, implying that it was a voluntary act. 

 Emotions are a strong motivation in the area of diet.   And emotions have been connected to the development of the Jewish culture over time in the Bible in one study.  The study analyzed the emotional content of the Old Testament over their evolution of a twelve century period.  Word frequency correlations were run and it was discovered that the basic emotion of ‘happiness’ was statistically significant.  “Our procedures led to the clear conclusion that happiness increased with time in the Hebrew Bible.”     And a key emotional term in the New Testament is ‘Joy’ or ‘Happiness’.   

 The diet of the Israelis would have improved after they settled down in the fertile valley’s of Canna.  It was called, “a good and spacious land, a land flowing with milk and honey” (Ex 3:8).   After living in this fertile valley they would have grown their own foods and lived a more peaceful, joyful life among the twelve tribes of
Israel.  With greater physical health usually comes happiness. 

 An early example of vegetarianism is found with Daniel and his three friends: Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah were Judaeans would not eat meat and the Kings delicacies.   For ten days (possibly longer) they were vegetarians and then they were presented to the king and “The king conversed with them, and among all the boys found none to equal Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and
Azariah.”  Dan 1.19 

 Processed foods existed at least since the times of the Egyptians and the scriptures warn against these “choice foods” or “delicacies”.  “When you sit down to dine with a ruler, keep in mind who is before you; And put a knife to your throat if you have a ravenous appetite.   Do not desire his delicacies; they are deceitful food.”  Prov 23.1-3.   Another version:  “Do not crave his choice food, for it is doubtful nourishment.”   

 “Let not my heart be drawn to what is evil, to take part in wicked deeds with men who are evildoers; let me not eat of their delicacies.”  Psalm 141:4.  Another version: “No, I will not sample their delights.”   

 Also on the issue of eating fat, scripture states:  “Say to the Israelites: Do not eat of any of the fat of cattle, sheep or
goats.”  Lev 7:23 
 The Egyptians had many delicacies of rich foods, while the Israelites had a simple yet much healthier diet while in slavery and after the exodus they continued this healthier lifestyle while some wanted the meat and delicacies of the Egyptians.   The Egyptians wrote extensive writings on papyrus and developed a science of mummifying their dead.  By studying the mummies and the papyrus it has been discovered that the diet of the Egyptians was very similar to our modern ‘Standard American Diet’ today, in many respects and they had many of the same health problems. 
 “When paleopathologists dissected the arteries of the Egyptian mummies, they did not find smooth, supple arterial walls but rather arteries choked with greasy, cholesterol-laden deposits that were often calcified, exhibiting an advanced stage of atherosclerotic disease.  Many subjects had arteries that were scarred and thickened, indicating the presence of high blood pressure.  Pathologists today find the same diseased changes when examining tissue from a victim of a heart attack, stroke, diabetes, or other disease found in conjunction with late-stage heart disease.  In fact it appears that cardiovascular disease was as prevalent in ancient Egypt as it is in America today.” 

 Eating meat was a concession on God’s part, “because of man, because his heart contrives evil from his infancy.”  Gn 8.21 This was meant to be a temporary concession because of human weakness.  There are those things that are allowed or permissible by God and those things that God prefers.  There is God’s Permissible Will (because of his great mercy) and there is God’s Holy or Divine Will.  Thus the question would arise, does God have a preference for human diet?  And the answer is ‘yes’ God prefers that humans be vegetarian, this is His Divine Will.  But being a God of mercy he permits people to eat meat, because of their  human weaknesses, darkness of mind and lusts of the flesh. 
 Back in the Old Testament times, as today, there were Jews who did not believe that it was necessary to eat meat as a   requirement to celebrate Jewish festivals and the Sabbath day.  This is clearly noted in the Talmud (Pesachim 109a), which says since the destruction of the Temple, Jews need not eat meat on holidays; rejoicing with wine is sufficient.  A number of modern Rabbis, including Alfred Cohen, spiritual leader of the Young Israel of Canarsie and editor of The Journal of Halacha (Jewish Law) and Contemporary Society, J. David Bleich, a highly respected Torah scholar and professor at Yeshiva University, and Emanue J. Schochet, author of Animal Life in Jewish Tradition (1984), (to name a few) have stated that Jews do not have to eat meat, even on festivals and Sabbaths.  To reinforce this conclusion, there have been
several Chief Rabbis have been strict vegetarians, including the present Chief Rabbi  of Haifa, Sha’ar Yashuv Cohen.   As Professor Schwartz, Ph.D. notes: “There is no contradiction between Judaism (and its dietary laws) and vegetarianism.  In fact, Jewish vegetarians argue that vegetarianism is the diet most consistent with the highest
Jewish values.”      
 Dr. Richard Schwartz, Ph.D. is one of the leading exponents and writers of a vegetarian Judaism.  After he asks the question; “Which Torah laws involve compassion for animals?” he gives a list of eleven scripture quotes. 

1.   It is forbidden to cause pain to any animal: 
 “Wherefore have you smitten your ass?”   Num 22:32

2.   “You shall not muzzle the ox when he threshes the corn.”                                                          Deut 25:4

3.   “You shall not plow with an ox and an ass together.”  
             Deut 22:10

4.   “A person should not eat or drink before providing for his animals.”                                                    Deut 11:15

5.   Animals too must be able to rest on the Sabbath day: 
 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.  Six days shall you labor, and do all your work; but the seventh day is a Sabbath unto the Lord, thy God, in it you shall not do any manner of work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your man-servant, nor your maid-servant, nor your cattle, nor the stranger that is within your gates.”           Exod 20:8-10

6.   It is forbidden to sacrifice a newborn ox, sheep, or goat until it has had at least seven days of warmth and nourishment from its mother.                                                    Lev 22:27

7.   “And whether it be ox or ewe, you shall not kill it and its young both in one day”                            Lev 22:28

8.   We are forbidden to take the mother bird and its young together.  The mother bird must be sent away before its young are taken.                                               Deut 22:6-7

9.   We should not boil a kid in the milk of its mother.   
                                                           Ex 23:19, 34:26

10.  Animals should be relieved from suffering:  If you see the ass of him that hates you lying under its burden, you shall surely not pass by him; you shall surely unload it with him.   Ex 23:5

11.  We must be vigilant for the well-being of a lost animal:  You shall not see your brother’s ox or his sheep driven away and hide yourself from them; You shall surely bring them back to your brother.                                          Deut 22:1 

 According to scripture we are to imitate God’s qualities of kindness, compassion, forbearance.  “After the Lord your God you shall walk.”  Deut 13:5   In the account of creation people are to be the image of God (Gen 1:26); we are to be holy as God is Holy (Lev 19:2); and we are to walk in God’s ways (Deut 10:12).  We have an intimate relationship with God:
 “I will betroth you to myself for ever, betroth you with integrity and justice, with tenderness and love; I will betroth you to myself with faithfulness, and you will come to know Yahweh.”                                               Hosea 2:21, 22

 The verses preceeding this wedding vow type of relationship with humans, God makes a covenant with the animals: “When that day comes I will make a treaty on her behalf with the wild animals, with the birds of heaven and the creeping things of the earth; I will break bow, sword and battle in the country, and make her sleep secure.”        Hosea 2:20, 21
 Following God’s Laws and teachings were very important back in biblical times and these laws became principles that they followed.   “Teach me, Oh Lord, the ways of your laws; and I will observe them to the utmost.”        Ps 119:33

 Dr. Roberta Kalechofsky Ph.D., author of Vegetarian Judaism, points out the four basic Jewish laws or tenets concerning vegetarianism.  “Only vegetarianism can fulfill Judaism’s four important tenets: that we guard our health (pikuach nefesh), tsedakah (charity), bal tashchit (not to destroy wantonly), and tsa’ar ba’alei chayim (not to cause sorrow to other creatures).   Vegetarianism dissolves the juggernaut in the paradox between our permission to eat meat and our belief in the justice and mercy of God.  Rabbi Kook, one of the greatest exponents of vegetarianism, taught “that man ought never to forget that meat-eating is but a temporary concession.  The merciful God of Israel would never decree that man’s survival should be eternally contingent upon butchering animals.”  
 The four basic Jewish laws or tenets concerning vegetarianism for Dr. Kalechofsky are:

1.  Human Health and Life   -  pikuach nefesh, (soul health)
2.  Charity to the Poor and Hungry   -   tsedaka  (charity),
3.  Conserve Resources and the Environment  -  bal tashchit                                                              (not to destroy wantonly),
4.  Compassion to Animals  -  tsa’ar ba’alei chayim                                                (not to cause sorrow to creatures)
 Dr. Richard Schwartz, Ph.D., elaborates on six basic Jewish tenets which are basically the same as Dr. Kalechofsky’s.   A key scripture verse or two is given with each one.

    1.  Preservation of Health and Long Life   (pikuach nefesh)
 The Preservation of Health and Life, especially the prevention of disease is considered the most important tenet/law.  “Take heed to
yourself and take care of your lives.”  Deut 4:9   “Be extremely protective of your lives.”  Deut 4:15  
“Let the mother go...So shall you prosper and have a
     long life.”   Deut 22:6 
    2.  Compassion of Animals   (tsa’ar ba’alei chayim)
 Many scriptures can be applied here: “The righteous person considers the life of his beast.”  Pr 12:10.  “The Lord is good to all, and His tender mercies are over all His
creatures.”  Ps 145:9

    3.  Sharing with Hungry People   (tsedakah)
 Charity for the poor and the hungry is a basic tenet for Judaism.  “Share thy bread with the hungry.”  Is 58:6-7 
    4.  Protection of the Environment   (bal tashchit)
 The earth is the Lord’s and the people are partners and co-workers with God in protecting the environment -  Deut 20.19-20.   “The earth is the Lord’s and the fullness
thereof.”   Ps 24:1
    5.  Conservation of Resources   (bal tashchit)
 Waste or unnecessary destruction is prohibited as given in Deuteronomy 20:19-20, which prohibits the destruction of fruit bearing trees in time of warfare.
    6.  Seek and Pursuing Peace   (tsedakah)
 Judaism mandates a special obligation to work for peace.  Jews are to “seek and pursue it”  Ps 34:15
 The famous Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook (1865-1935) the first Chief Rabbi of pre-state Israel, was a great scholar and advocate of vegetarianism.  He was one of the major influences of modern Jewish vegetarianism.  According to Rabbi Kook, the people in the time of Noah had sunk to an extremely low level of spirituality and thus they were given the elevated image of themselves as compared to animals.
They were given permission to eat meat so that they did not eat human flesh and the slaughter of animals was a “transitional tax” or temporary dispensation until a “brighter era” comes along when people return to the ideal of vegetarian diets.  He believed that the Jewish laws and restrictions (laws of kashrut) were to keep alive a sense of reverence of life with the aim of leading people back to a vegetarian diet.  Since he saw people’s craving for meat as a manifestation of negative passions. 

 Rabbi Kook and others also believed that in the days of the Messiah, people will again return to a vegetarian diet, since the high moral level involved in vegetarianism before the time of Noah is a virtue that can not be lost forever.  Rabbi Kook stated that in the messianic Epoch,  “In the future, the spirit of enlightenment will spread and reach even the animals.  Gift offerings of vegetation will be brought to the Holy Temple, and they will be acceptable as were the animals sacrifices of old.”  

 He based this on the prophecy of Isaiah:  “And the wolf will lie down with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; The calf and the young lion shall browse together, with a little child to guide them.  The cow and the bear shall be neighbors, together their young shall rest; the lion shall eat hay like the ox.”  Is 11:6, 7. 

 The Chapter 11 of Isaiah is about the Messiah, “But a shoot shall sprout from the stump of Jesse,...on him the spirit of Yahweh rests,”  Is.11.1   Thus after talking about the rule of Immanuel it talks about the rule of God’s creatures. 

 A Jewish vegetarian writer, Joe Green, in a booklet summarizing Rabbi Kook’s teachings concluded that: “in adopting the diet that will be used during the time of the Messiah, Jewish religious ethical vegetarians are pioneers of the Messianic era; they are leading lives that make the coming of the Messiah more likely.”  

 In the days of the Messiah, people will move back to God’s
Way, to His Divine Will for man’s diet.  Thus the prophecy of Isaiah would make perfect sense since humans and animals would once again be in harmony with each other.  “And the wolf shall dwell with the lamb,...   The lion eats straw like the ox...And none shall hurt nor destroy in all my Holy
mountain.”  Isaiah 6.6-9.  

35.   The Vegetarianism of Jesus and the Essenes
 There were three groups of Jews in Biblical Times according to the ancient author Philo: Sadducees, Pharisees and the Essenes (who were considered to be vegetarian).  Jesus and Mary were familiar with the Essenes, who lived all around them and were their neighbors, friends and relatives.  St. Ann, the mother of Mary, was an Essene, according to the mystic Venerable Ann Catherine Emmerick.

 One of the greatest literary discoveries this century was the Dead Sea Scrolls which were written mostly before the time of Jesus ministry and give us a deep understanding of the lives of different sects that lived back then. The Dead Sea Scrolls, some of the other scrolls found in the area and the classical writers of that period, writing on these sects give a unique look inside the lives and the dietary practices of Judaism.   These writings come from  two centuries before Christ and the first century and writings of the Christian community.  

 All of these groups lived in the same general area of Galilee and the Dead Sea, they were in neighboring towns and villages.  They were all orthodox Jews with basically the same Jewish beliefs and practices.  As neighbors and friends they all interacted and may have even worked and worshiped together at times.  Joseph, as a master carpenter, would have been known in these towns and villages and would have gone to these various places to do carpentry.  Jesus would have accompanied Joseph on many of these carpentry projects.  How
much carpentry they did on site, as they traveled from village to village is not know.  But for some projects such as putting a roof on a house he would have had to travel to that town to do the work and Jesus would have come along to help.   Thus it is safe to say that Jesus knew about these groups from first hand experience.

 Jesus was not an Essene but the Essenes and the Nazoreans were brother sister groups with common beliefs and practices.  They were friends, neighbors and associates, and some of the Nazoreans may have been Essenes at one point. 

 The Nazoreans (Ac 24:5; cf. Ac 24:14, 28:22); the Sadducees (Ac 5:17), the Pharisees (Ac 15:5, 26:5) and the Essenes (Josephus: The Life 2 sec.10) are all characterized as ‘Sects’ of Judaism.  The Essenes are not mentioned in the New Testament or in Talmudic literature but are mentioned in classical sources and are identified as being the Qumran community.  The writers who mentioned the Essenes are: Philo, Pliny, Dio Chrysostom, Josephus, Hippolytus and Epiphanius.  Josephus claims to have spent time with the Essenes at age 16 (ca. 53-54 CE).  Both Philo and Josephus agree that the total number of Essenes was over four thousand and that they lived in many cities in Palestine and in some villages and near the Dead Sea.     According to Pliny they were west of the Dead Sea   in the same area as the Qumran caves.   Philo and Josephus give the most information and probably the most accurate information on some of these groups.  Josephus writes about three “Jewish philosophical schools” in this period: the Sadducees, the Pharisee’s and the Essenes. 

 Josephus states that the Essenes worked entirely in agriculture while Philo adds that they were also shepherds, beekeepers, and craftsmen in different trades.    Commerce was not allowed since it led to greed.  The daily routine was prayer before sunrise, then they worked till midday, a common meal, work until evening and another common meal.    The Essenes were devoted to the law with a great
reverence to Moses and a strict observance of the Sabbath.  Josephus notes that “many reached advanced ages, many over a hundred”. 

 Josephus says of  the Essenes, “they were stricter than all Jews in not undertaking work on the seventh day” and they held Moses in greatest reverence.    They were very interested in the study of the “holy books” and other ancient writings in order to “search out medicinal roots and the properties of stones” to heal diseases.    The Essenes held angels in importance and they also gave prophecy in the community.  And the Essenes believed in bodily resurrection,   and in everlasting life,   and in Messianic Apocalypse. 

 Kosher food was of great importance for the Essenes and most of the early sects of Judaism, it was so important that they would die for it.  “Philo reports that Jewish women were offered ‘swine’s flesh’ and tortured if they refused to eat it during anti-Jewish riots in Alexandria ca. 38 C.E.”     “According to Josephus, the Romans tortured the Essenes during the first Jewish revolt (66-74 C.E.) for refusing to renounce the dietary rules: ‘They were racked and twisted, burnt and broken, and made to pass through every instrument of torture in order to induce them to blaspheme their lawgiver and to eat some forbidden thing; yet they refused to yield to either demand, nor even once did they cringe to their persecutors or shed a tear.  Smiling in their agonies, mildly deriding their tormentors, they cheerfully resigned their souls, confident that they would receive them back again.” 

 There is a school of thought that believes the Essenes and the early Christians were closely connected.  The scholar of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Upton Ewing, gives a rather convincing set of reasons on this topic.  “Accordingly, so-called ‘Palestinian Christianity’ can be better understood historically as a continuation of, rather than an outgrowth of so-called ‘Essenism.’  The seven points which further illustrate this to be true are as set forth in the following premises:”
 (1)  That these devoutly religious people were the only ones in their part of the world whose common custom was evidenced by the wearing of a single white garment. 
 (2) That they were the only sect in their part of the world who practiced an economy whereby everything was held in common.
 (3) That they were the only people in their part of the world whose religious leaders, or priesthood, practiced celibacy. 
 (4) That they were the only sect in their part of the world who opposed the custom of slavery.
 (5) That they were the only religious sect, not alone in their own country but in the entire Roman world, who opposed the custom of animal sacrifice.
 (6) That they were the only people in Palestine or of the greater Roman world who opposed the slaughter of animals for food.
 (7) That they were the only people of Palestine and the outside Roman world whose way of life was opposed to war and the soldiers’ calling.” 

 Another sect back in the time of Jesus was the Therapeutae.   
Therapeutae literally means healers.  Philo speaks in this work, The Contemplative Life, of a group in Egypt called the Therapeutae, who are very similar to the Essenes, but live a more contemplative lifestyle.  “Either contemplative Essenes, or an independent band of contemplatives according to Philo, whose language is ambiguous, the Therapetutae’s name derives from the Greek therapeuo, meaning “to heal” or ‘to worship’ (Philo, Life, 1).  He provides a detailed description of their beliefs and way of life.  He says about them that, unlike physicians who simply treat bodily ills, they are expert in healing diseases of the soul.”  “Philo describes them as a group who philanthropically abandoned property to families or friends, who fled from all responsibilities, avoiding cities as places of uproar and confusion (Life 13-20).  In solitude they prayed twice daily, around dawn and at evening (Life 27).”  

 “Evidence surveyed here suggests that Therapeutae and Essenes were not identical.  Their common features, however,
suggest that they may have originated from a single parent body and struck out along slightly different paths.” 

 Philo describes how they went on long fasts, “they hold out for twice that time and only after six days do they bring themselves to taste such sustenance as is absolutely
necessary.”     These Therapeutae were more then just basic vegetarians, they were vegans and even beyond that they were raw vegans.  They ate no meat or animal products and they did little cooking of their food.  Raw vegans move into and out of fasting naturally and as a way of life.  Several times a year they would go on longer fasts, a six day fast, then break the fast for the Sabbath on the seventh day.

 Jesus’ teachings and practices are similar to the Therapeutae, one group that was known about was in Egypt.  Joseph took Mary and Jesus to Egypt for many years before coming back to Nazareth.  As Jews they would have associated themselves with other Jews and thus there is the possibility that they may have been assoicated with the Therapeutae Jews in Egypt.  They probably lived with or near the Therapeutae in which Jesus would have learned the healing arts from them.

 John the Baptist as a strict Jew was most likely kosher and would never have eaten locust which is not a kosher meat.  Thus locust could have been translated as something else in ancient times and it has come down to us as locust when the original may have been something like cake.  “The Greek word for oil cake is ‘enkris,’ and the Greek word for locust is ‘akris.’”     Thus, a mistake could have been made in copying the original Greek manuscript.  There is also some evidence in the tendency to make John the Baptist a vegetarian in later Syrian writings.  

 John the Baptist was on the banks of the River Jordan, only about six miles from the Qumran monastery.  The reference to
locusts and wild honey could also mean the bean of the honey locust or of the carob tree.  But if it were ‘cakes’ mentioned above they could have been made with corn, wheat or barley, a staple meal of the Essenes.  Where could he obtain these in the desert?   Perhaps he obtained this food from the kitchens at Qumaran only six miles away?  

 John the Baptist has been thought to be an Essene or at least associated with the Essenes by scholars.  “Shortly after the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, a number of scholars proposed that John the Baptist was related in some way to the Qumran community (e.g., Brownlee, 1958; Robinson, 1962; and most recently Sefa-Dapaah, 1995).” 
 In Luke 1:80 we read: “The child grew up and matured in spirit.  He lived in the desert until the day when he made his public appearance in Israel.”   If this verse is true then where in the desert did he live as a child?  “Professor Brownlee suggests that the ‘Essenes may have adopted the boy.’    Josephus says, ‘they choose out other persons’ children and bring them up according to their own manners.’”     The verse from Luke 1:15: “For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink, and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost even from his mother’s womb.”, can be interpreted that Elizabeth dedicated her unborn son to the Nazarites.  To be chosen to be brought up in a monastery was a great honor and references to prenatal dedication were found in the scrolls.  

 “Epiphanius also attributes avoidance of meat and of animal sacrifice to another Jewish group he calls ‘Nasareans’.   ‘So they keep all the Jewish observances, but did not sacrifice or partake of animal flesh; rather it was forbidden for them to eat meat or to offer sacrifice with it.’”      Jesus was a Nazarean.
The name that Jesus was commonly known was “Jesus the Nazorean” (Mt 2:23; 26:71: Lk 18:37; Jn 18:5, 7; 19:19; Ac 2:22; 3:6; 4:10; 6:14; 22:8; 26:9; cf. 9:5) and also “Jesus the Nazarene” (Mk 1:24;
10:47; 14:67; 16;6; Lk 4:34; 24:19).   The term Nazarene describes a person who came from the town of Nazareth, which Jesus did.  (Mt 21:11; Jn 1:45-46; Ac 10:38; cf. Mk 1:9; Lk 4:16).  Thus Jesus would have been a vegetarian.

 Jesus developed his ministry in the regions of the Nazarene’s because there he would feel at home and safe from the hassles with the Pharisees.  By preaching in Galilee where the Nazarene’s lived, Jesus was accepted and there were great crowds that followed him.  This explains why his popularity grew rapidly with great multitudes, especially in the area of Galilee.  He chose his apostles from among the disciples in Galilee, many of whom could have been either Nazarenes or Essenes.  

 The Essenes seemed to have disappeared a century or so after Jesus death and at the same time the followers of ‘the Way’ Christianity grew enormously during this same time period.  Jesus spent only a week or two in Jerusalem and nearly all of his time in the greater Galilee area where the Essenes were located.   There were around 4,000 Essenes, yet another estimate puts the number at around 10,000, it depends on how many of the sects are included in the number count.  Perhaps most if not all of these converts to Christianity came from the Essenes.     

 The Sermon on the Mount in Matthew 5:3-11 has attracted a lot of attention because of important similarities in the Dead Sea Scrolls, so does John’s use of Light and Darkness and many other themes.  Each of the four gospels and the letters has many parallels and similar words and phrases to the Dead Sea Scrolls, which has caused some debate and many studies in this area.  The connection between the Essenes and the Christians is stated by some, “In light of the Letter of James, it was even suggested that the community of Jewish Christians gathered around James in Jerusalem had at one time been ‘the urban brethren of the hardier souls that betook themselves to Qumran.”    James was said to have been vegetarian.

 “Josephus had no hesitation in assimilating the Essene asceticism to a form of Greek religion: ‘This is a group which follows a way of life taught to the Greeks by Pythagoras.’”    The Pythagorean practices for diet were vegetarian.  The Zoroaster teachings on vegetarianism and his teaching of the conflict of light versus darkness could also be related. 

 Irenaeus cites Isaiah 7:14 with Messianic importance.  He sees importance in the naming, eating and growing of the Messiah.  Following is Irenaeus’ interpretation of Isaiah 7:14, which could have a deeper meaning.  “Therefore the Lord himself will give you this sign: the virgin shall be with child, and bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel.  He shall be living on curds and honey by the time he learns to reject the bad and choose the good.”  Is 7:14, 15
 The child being brought up on curds and honey could have the meaning about the dietary lifestyle of the child.   The infant Jesus would have had Mary’s milk from her breasts for the first year or two which would have been what it needed to grow.  Then the curds and honey and other food sources could have been given to the young child.  Curds is a protein source.  
 Obviously the first part of this prophecy, “the virgin is with child and will soon give birth to a son whom she will call Immanuel.”, has become a verse used throughout history as a reference to Jesus birth.  But the second part of this prophecy;  “ On curds and honey will he feed until he knows how to refuse evil and choose good.”, is never mentioned as anything of significance.  But this is the second half of the statement in this prophecy, that this will be one of the signs that he will eat only curds and honey until the age of reason.  The Bar Mitzah around the age of 12-13 is when he would be considered a man and thus have the knowledge of being able to refuse evil and choose good.  If this was the diet of the child, it would have been a prophecy of a vegetarian diet during his childhood. 

 The fertile crescent in Israel was a Garden of Eden for the
Virgin Mary.  The many types of fruit trees and orchards and gardens and grain fields that the Jewish people worked with were a very healthy and wholesome food source.  Perhaps Mary was the New Eve in the New Garden of Eden in Nazareth.  Some of the scriptures that confirm this new Eden could be:
    “For the Lord thy God brings thee into a good land, a land of brooks, of water, of fountains with depths that spring out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates: a land of oil, of olives,
and honey.”   Deuteronomy 8.7,8

    “I will bring about the restoration of my people Israel; they shall rebuild and inhabit their ruined cities, Plant vineyards and drink the wine, set out gardens and eat the fruits.” Amos 9.14.  
“Build houses, settle down; plant gardens and eat what they produce;” Jer 29.5

 Jesus would have pondered on the theme is found in Genesis:   “‘See I give you every seed-bearing plant all over the earth and every tree that has seed bearing fruit on it to be your food; and to all the animals of the land, all the birds of the air, and all the living creatures that crawl on the ground, I give all the green plants for food.’  And so it happened.  God looked at everything he had made, and he found it very good.” 
      Gen 1. 29, 30.

36.  The Vegetarianism of James the Apostle

 The apostle James was the leader, the Bishop of the Jerusalem community after Peter escaped from imprisonment.  James was kosher and vegetarian and led the community in Jerusalem as a kosher group.   James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ (1.1), is the author of the Epistle of James. He is not one of the

twelve, but the cousin of Jesus (Gal 1:19), and the administrator of the Jerusalem community (Ac 12:17); and played a leading role in the apostolic Council (Acts 15:13-21) forming the early Christian community for two to three decades.  This was the first early Christian movement of the Church usually referred to as ‘the Jerusalem Church’ or ‘Community’, the English for the Greek word, Ecclesia, meaning ‘Assembly’.  The Talmud referred to these groups as minim meaning ‘sectarian’.

 Peter was the first Bishop of the Church for a short time, then James took over as the head of the Jerusalem Church and of all that was first Christian.  James, for two to three decades was the head of the early Church and in some ways the superior to both Peter and Paul.  As the leader, James was clearly the undisputed successor to Jesus and certainly was ‘the Bishop of Bishops’ or ‘Archbishop’.   James is mentioned not only in the Gospels but also named or implied in other early writings from the Church Fathers: notably Origen, Eusebius, Epiphanisus, and Jerome.  Also in the Gospel of Hebrews, the Gospel of Nazoraeans, and the Gospel of the Ebionites, Gnostic Gospel of Thomas, the Pseudoclementine writings and the Apocrayphal Gospel the Protevangelium of James.  All this points to James being an important figure.

 After Paul’s third missionary journey they spoke in Jerusalem before Paul’s arrest (Ac 21:17-25).  Paul was a meat eater and disagreed with James on the issue of kosher, but he was neutral on the topic of vegetarianism and said if people wanted to eat that separate in some way fine.  Paul’s disagreement with James is historic and gives validity to James vegetarianism.
 “According to the early Christian historian Hegesippus (2nd cent.), who is excerpted in Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History,  ‘James, the brother of the Lord, succeeded to the government of the Church in conjunction with the apostles.  He has been called the Just by all from the time of our Saviour to the present day; for there were many called James.  He was holy from his mother’s womb; and he drank no
wine nor strong drink, nor did he eat flesh.  No razor came upon his head; he did not anoint himself with oil, and he did not use the bath.  He alone was permitted to enter into the holy place; for he wore not woolen but linen garments...’”  

 It seems obvious that this portrait has been assembled with some reference to the Nazirite tradition and particularly to the biblical portraits of Samson (Judg 13), Samuel (1 Sam 1), and John the Baptist (Luke 1).”   Abstinence from meat is not a formal part of the ancient Nazirite tradition, but it could be for those that are vegetarian.  Abstinence from meat is a development of the prohibition of unclean foods, the specific expansion of this concept to include any animal.

 That James is presented in this writing with priestly ordination: ‘he wore linen’ (cf. Lev 16:4) but neither ‘bathed nor was anointed’ (cf. Lev. 16:4, 32) who entered the holy place, yet did not eat flesh, which was necessary for the Passover and other sacrifices.  If this is true that James was a vegetarian in his kosher practice then this would explain his clash with the apostle Paul.   Furthermore the Epistle of James has many verses which are very similar to the writings found in Qumran, such as in the Manuel of Disciple.  The priestly functions and asceticism described above are similar to those of the Essenes.  The question would need to be asked, was James an Essene priest?   Was he one of the many priests that converted to Christianity?  When Peter had to step down and leave Jerusalem because of persecution, James was put in charge which implies that he may have had some qualifications. 

 A conflict arose between the Jerusalem community and the Antioch community over the issue of circumcision.  Paul and Barnabas and an uncircumcisioned Christian Titus, came to Jerusalem to discuss the matter. (Acts 15:2ff. Gal. 2:1-10)  The issue was divisive and Peter stood up in defense of circumcision for the Jews and non-circumcision for the Gentiles and Paul agreed.  Paul was to go back to work with the Gentiles around Antioch and James
would work with the Jews around Jerusalem.  Titus escaped circumcision as did others in Antioch.

 As the years passed in Antioch large numbers of Gentiles were entering the church.  Jewish laws were being abridged and customs being set aside.  Gentiles could become full Jewish Christians without observing the Jewish laws.   Peter arrived from Jerusalem and adapted to the local customs, welcoming non-Jewish followers and even ate at non-kosher
tables.  (Gal 2:11-12)
 James sent Judas, Barsabas and Silas to Antioch and they were shocked over the situation and the fact that this community was eating non-kosher meals with the gentiles and following non-Jewish customs.  (Ac 15:22-29; Gal 2:12)   Judas and Silas insisted that Paul and the other Jewish Christians only eat at Kosher tables and follow other Jewish customs, but Paul refused.  Peter had been eating at non-kosher tables, for table fellowship, but switched sides and agreed with the Christians from Jerusalem.  This turned Paul against Peter over this issue. 

 A study of the Pauline texts, the letter of James and later literature such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Hegesippus, Pseudo-Clementines, and other ancient texts reveals that it is clear there is a disagreement going on in several areas between James, the Bishop of Jerusalem and Paul, the apostle.  The subject of eating and vegetarianism was one such area of disagreement. 

 When Paul is discussing consumption of meat in Rom 14:3-20, it is related to James.  In so doing, he inadvertently expresses the opinion, clearly his own basic one, “One believes he may eat all things; another, being weak, eats [only] vegetables.”  (13.2)  That this is an attack on James seems  almost irrefutable.  That its author is cloaking the issue in an attempt to appear accommodating should also be clear.  But the basic position here does, once again, rebound to the situation of James vegetarianism.  For Paul, again, being about
as insulting as he can be, this is just weakness.  His basic position is that such things do not matter, that all the food, as he has told us, in the market place is clean. 

 “So, once again, we may see that these traditions about James, preserved via Hesesippus in Eusebius, Jerome, and others, do, in fact, have substance behind them.  It is clear, as well, that these had to do with the manner in which James was seen as ‘Holy’ or ‘consecrated from his mother’s womb’,  or a certain concept of being a life-long Nazirite or Naziritism that seems to have been important to the Jerusalem Assembly and even early Christianity as a whole.” 

 “Not only then do we have, in this passage in Paul’s Letter to the Romans, collateral verification of James’ vegetarianism - insisted on in all the ancient sources - but also something of the reason for it.  This undoubtedly, had to do with  following a regime of extreme purity or, as both Paul and the Damascus Document from Qumran put it, of ‘Perfect Holiness’ or ‘Perfection of the Way’.”   
 “For Eusebius, Epiphanius, and Jerome, James is a life-long Nazirite.  He was also a vegetarian.  As Eusebius puts it quoting Hegesippus: ‘He drank no wine or strong drink, nor did he eat meat.  No razor came near his head, nor did he anoint himself with oil, and he did not go to the baths.’  What ever one makes of this testimony, it certainly is that of ‘a Nazirite’, one either ‘separated’ or ‘consecrated’, ‘Holy from his mother’s womb’.  In fact, it is more.  The elements of ‘not anointing himself with oil’, ‘not going to the baths, and ‘not eating meat’, that is, being a vegetarian, are additional to what was normally understood as Naziritism, or even for that matter,
Rechabitism.”    (‘Baths’ probably refer to the public baths)
 The scriptural warrant from Genesis 15:6 is the cornerstone of Paul’s famous discussions in Galatians 3:6 and Romans 4:3.  James speaks directly against this when he refers to Paul as ‘you empty man’, thus reflecting a major disagreement on this issue.   “Don’t you
realize you empty man that Faith without works is useless.  You surely know that Abraham our father was justified by works ... You see that Faith was working with works and that by works, Faith was perfected.  And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, ‘Now Abraham believed God and it was reckoned to him as righteousness, and he was called Friend of God.’”    James 2:20-23 

 In Acts we find James talking about dietary restrictions and telling them to stay away from the “meat of strangled animals.”   Professor Eisenman points out:  “Since the meaning of the Greek term ‘strangled things’ can also be looked upon as having to do with homicide and since the priestly author of this aspect of the Noah narrative does consider the taking of animal life to be a form of homicide, then we have in James’ directives to overseas communities, even as refracted in Acts, a reflection of three of the principal Noahic proscriptions: idolatry, manslaughter, and fornication.” 

 “In the letter ascribed to James, too, the ‘keeping’ terminology is prominent throughout, not to mention the doing.  It is also, as we have seen, the essence of the definition of ‘the Sons of Zakok’ at Qumran, that is, ‘the Keepers of the Covenant’.  In the first adumbration of this in the Community Rule, ‘the Priests’ are associated with this as well, not to mention the command ‘to separate from all the men of Unrighteousness, who walk in the way of evil’.  Therefore, one can conceive of all these terminologies, ‘’Nazoraeans’, ‘Sons of Zakok’, ‘Rechabites’, and the like, as being in a sense parallel or variations on a theme.

 “For the Letter of James, these ‘Doers’ (‘of the word’ or ‘of the work’ - 1:23 - 1:25) ‘keeping the Royal Law according to the Scripture’, are ranged against ‘the Breakers of the Law’ in exactly parallel fashion as at Qumran (2:8-9).   As noted, this term ‘Osei ha-Torah’ (Torah-Doers), has been identified as one of the possible bases of the nomenclature ‘Essenes’.  The latter notation puzzled scholars, since it does not appear in either the New Testament or the
Talmud.  Rather, it is found in both Josephus and his Jewish contemporary, Philo of Alexandria... One possible derivation of ‘Essenes’ is via the Aramaic for ‘Pious Ones’ (Hassidim in Hebrew), but this derivation, while appropriate, cannot be proved.... If this is true and the basis of ‘Essenes’ is the word ‘Doers’ in Hebrew, then we have another additional parallel here not only to Nazirites, but Nazoraeans, Rechabites, and Sons of Zakok as well.”    

 Thus James in his dietary lifestyle was laying the foundation for the early Christians to follow.  This was not just a Nazirite vow he had taken since he went beyond that to show what Christian purity and practice involved - a vegetarian diet. 
 The Laws of Kosher were meant to lead the Jews to a reverence for life, to help transform them into a holy people.  Of the 613 laws in the Torah, many dealt with food.  The first law of kosher is actually vegetarian - Gen 1.29.  The number one basic principle or tenet for food was the, ‘Human Health and Life, for the Soul’.  And thus the purpose of the kosher laws was to help achieve greater health and fullness of life.

 The young Church was split over this issue.  This is no small issue since the Jews had observed the laws of the Torah and Kosher for well over a 1,000 years, many had died over this and other related issues.  Years later after some more of Paul’s missionary journey’s, the Corinth community gathered a collection which Paul took to Jerusalem.

 Paul could not agree to observing the Kosher laws which James and the Jerusalem community still observed.  The Christians in Jerusalem were living a different lifestyle than the Christians in Antioch.  There were 613 laws in the Torah and some of them were about kosher.  Paul knew this and believed that it was not possible for the gentile Christians to follow these laws.  Besides, table fellowship was a main way of sharing the faith and was needed to help the spread of the Gospel.  
 Later, Paul was confronted for bringing Gentiles into the Temple in Jerusalem and the Jews were going to kill him when the Romans intervened.  Paul was sent to Rome and preached in Rome for two years.  In 64 A.D., a major fire broke out in Rome and the Emperor Nero blamed the Christians and they were brutally executed.  Paul was beheaded and Peter crucified upside down.  Two years later rebellion broke out in Jerusalem and this followed four years of fighting.  Finally the Romans destroyed the Temple, and Jerusalem went up in smoke, and so did most of the Christian community in Jerusalem. 

 The Jerusalem Christian community was mostly destroyed and those who remained were scattered.  Some of these probably became the first Christian  ascetic communities and hermits.  The communities that were founded by Paul and Barnabas in Antioch and elsewhere continued strong and grew into the major part of the new Christian movement.  The Christian Church in Rome also followed the traditions of Paul; uncircumcised, non-kosher, non-vegetarian, non-fasting and not observing the festivals.  Paul essentially did away with most of the Jewish tradition and practices in order to evangelize the gentiles. 

 But this involves more then just the kosher dietary laws according to the Torah.  Paul and James had two different views of salvation.  Paul preached that we are saved by grace alone.  And James said that we also need works along with faith, works here could mean both works of mercy and works of purification such as fasting. (James 2:14-26)   Centuries later this became a major dividing point between the Catholics and the Protestants (Martin Luther’s justification by faith alone from St. Paul’s doctrines, wanting to throw out the book of James - emphasizing works and faith.). 

 Surely the Kosher laws and fasting are part of the ‘works’ that James and the Jerusalem community are talking about.  Even though ‘good works’ is often emphasized in terms of charity to the poor and
other good works, the good work of keeping up ones health was a major issue for the ancient Jews.  The work of health and healing for a persons body would have been part of this emphasis. 
 A number of important parallels between the Qumran community and the early Jerusalem church can be noted.  “Both groups saw themselves as the true Israel of the last days.  But whereas the Essenes understood this in an exclusive, sectarian sense, the first Jewish Christians more probably understood themselves as the beginning of the messianic renewal of Israel, which potentially included all of Israel. 

 Both groups applied the image of the temple of God to their own community and are the only two Jewish groups known to have done so.  This theme, which is widespread in early Christian literature, can be traced back to the early Jerusalem church by means of Galatians 2.9 which reports that James, Peter, and John were known as ‘pillars’.  This identification of leaders of the community with specific architectural features of the new temple can be paralleled in Pesher Isaiah (4Q164) and by the reference in Pesher Psalms (4Q171) to the Teacher of Righteousness as the pillar of the building that is the community.”  

 Other parallels include the reference in each group to its way of life as “the Way”.   “Both groups practiced a community of goods and are the only two Palestinian Jewish groups known to have done so.”    Both groups also practiced common meals.     “The role of the Twelve in the Jerusalem church can be compared with that of the ruling group of twelve in the Qumran community.”     And both observed the Jewish festivals and the kosher laws. 
 “Pliny, who was the Governor of Bithynia where Peter had preached the Gospel of Jesus, wrote a letter to Trajan, the Roman Emperor, describing the early Christian practices: ‘They affirmed the whole of their guilt, or their error; they met on a day before it was light (before sunrise) and addressed a form of prayer to Christ as to a
divinity, binding themselves by a solemn oath never to commit any sin or evil and never to falsify their word, nor deny a trust, after which it was their custom to depart and to meet together again to take food, but ordinary and harmless food.’” (food that suffered no harm or hurt, viz., blood guiltless.) 

 The importance of mentioning this aspect of the afterlife is because the Essenes were very much centered in the here and now and concerned about the need for personal purification in the body and expiation of sins (in the soul) in the here and now.  This is why the early Jerusalem community saw importance in the kosher laws and fasting and in vegetarianism.

 The Therapeutae is a branch of the Essenes, both of who’s name is related to healing.  In the Greek ‘Esseion’, assaya, means or implies physician.  Luke was known as a physician and the question could be raised, was he related to or an Essene?  He surely would have known them. 

 In Acts 6:7 we read: “The word of God continued to spread, while at the same time, the number of the disciples in Jerusalem enormously increased.  There were many priests among those who embraced the faith.”   Who were numerous many priests who embraced the faith?  Surely they were not the Pharisees and Sadducees!  According to Josephus, these were two of the three groups of priests, the third was the Essenes.  The Essenes had a lot of priests and apparently many of them joined the disciples, some of whom were probably Essenes themselves.  Thus the kosher, fasting and vegetarianism came into the early Christian community through these priests.

 This understanding of the early Church and James the vegetarian, along with Jesus and Mary and other apostles as vegetarians is very important.  This is the original Christian dietary practice and tradition that has been put on the sidelines and practiced mostly in monasteries and by some of the faithful.  But Vatican II
gave a clear dictate for the Catholic Church to return to its origins, thus a return to vegetarianism and fasting. 

37.   The Vegetarianism of the Early Christians
 There were different sects back in the times of the early Christians.   The Encratites were early Christian ascetics whose ideal was self control. The name Encratites is derived from the Greek meaning self-control, which is alongside love, joy, peace, as a fruit of the Spirit. (Gal 5:23; cf. 1 Cor 7:9, 9:25; Ti 1:8; Ac 24:25; 2 Pt 1:6)   This sect was a strict vegan community.

 “In the second and third centuries, the church fathers Irenaeus (c. 130-200 CE), Clement of Alexandria (c. 150-215 CE) and Hippolytus (c. 170-236 CE) applied that name Encratites to a diverse array of early Christian groups adopting ascetic practices such as celibacy, abstinence from wine, and vegetarianism.  Particularly important is an organized Jewish-Christian community that, according to Irenaeus,   was founded in the latter part of the second century in Mesopotamia by Tatian.  Tatian was a pupil of Justin Martyr (c. 100-165 CE) and author of the Diatessaron (a famous harmony of the four canonical Gospels).  Justin Martyr was involved in Christianity during the beginning of the early Church and surely would have known the Apostle John.  The Encratite community that Tatian founded was vegetarian which means that Justin was probably a vegetarian himself or at least approved of it.  This is significant to have this witness on vegetarianism so close to the original Christian community in Jerusalem.
 The connection here is important.  Tatian was a disciple of Justin Martyr.   Justin was probably a disciple of the Apostle John, which means that perhaps John was vegetarian or at least approved of it as something important.  And John took care of Mary after the death of Jesus, which implies that perhaps Mary was vegetarian or at least approved of it too!  

 With the fall of Jerusalem in 70 C.E. came the destruction of the Temple and the disappearance of priestly slaughterers.  This must have brought an overwhelming sense of mourning and doubts.  “Above all, an enormous sense of mourning must have hung over the surviving remnant.  A mourner loses his appetite and his interest in the joys of living.  For the expression of these feelings, a number of mourners must have been attracted to the ascetic cults of ancient Israel, which had already existed for quite some time before the destruction.  The Qumran group associated with the Dead Sea Scrolls appears to have already disappeared, but there were others - Nazirites, Rechabites, Essenes, Therapeutae, and Zakokites.  With the destruction of the Temple, the ascetic cults must have expressed as never before a predominant mood of the people. A central feature of some of these ascetic groups was abstinence from the eating of meat. Celibacy, fasting, and other forms of privation also marked the ascetic regimen, but vegetarianism was a prominent symbol of the ascetic life, and was now fittingly associated with mourning for the destruction of the Temple.”  

 Dr. Kalechofsky notes that the Talmud documents the growing numbers of adherents to the ascetic sects.  “Following the destruction of the Temple, the number of recluses who would not eat meat or drink wine increased in Israel.”   

 All of these groups lived in the same general area of Galilee, Nazareth, and the Dead Sea.  They all had similar beliefs and practices, they were neighbors and friends.  The Virgin Mary and Jesus lived among these people for probably 25 years, assuming they were in Egypt for only five years, where they may have been associated with the Therapeutae’s in Egypt.  Then when Jesus started his ministry, the majority of the time he spent in this greater area of Galilee, except for the short times he spent preaching in Jerusalem.  Thus Jesus was preaching to and eating with many of the people in these orthodox Jewish sects: the Nazarene’s, the Essenes, the Ebionites, the Therapeutae’s and others.  In addition, almost all of his disciples and followers came from these groups, which were mostly
vegetarian.  And those after Jesus continued with the vegetarian tradition.  

 Throughout history vegetarianism was found mostly in monasteries and convents.   Saints like the miracle-working St. Francis of Paola (Spain, 1416-1507), who was a vegan, influenced seven Popes, founded an order of hermits and eventually established nearly 500 monasteries and lived to be 91, are examples of Christians that lived and promoted a vegetarian lifestyle.   

 Over the next 2,000 years in the Catholic church and in most of the Christian Church - kosher has disappeared into the background, or perhaps it could be said it was transformed into the issue of gluttony.  The vice of gluttony seems to have taken its place, perhaps that could be a reason why fasting is promoted in the Church, to deal with gluttony.   For the most part dietary sins are venial sins and not mortal sins, and many would only call them bad habits.  Gluttony is one of the seven capital sins.   Glutton is eating too much food to an excess or eating the wrong types of food.   Clement of Alexandria and others wrote about gluttony and the need to avoid this vice.

 In Scripture, the Old Testament refers to ‘delicacies’;  
St. Francis of Assisi uses the term ‘superfluous foods’.   One day a Franciscan brother was languishing of hunger from fasting to much and St. Francis of Assis set the table and they began to eat.  After eating St. Francis commented: “He said that to deprive the body indiscreetly of what it needs was a sin, just the same as it is a sin to give it superfluous things at the prompting of

 Today perhaps this teaching on gluttony needs to be revived.  Obesity and diabetes are the two biggest health problems in the U.S. and both are caused excess of consumption of foods and eating the wrong types of foods.   It has been estimated that about 60% of the
U.S. population has a problem with obesity and diabetes is increasing every few years.

38.  The Vegetarian Physician - Jesus Christ
 From the evidence it seems, first Jesus was brought up as a carpenter and then sometime later he became a physician. 

 Joseph took Jesus and Mary and went into Egypt during King Herod’s time.  The Jews are a communal people and thus Joseph would have looked to stay with other Jews in a community in Egypt to share the Jewish faith and for protection.  Joseph, as a carpenter, was most likely a very practicaly minded person and probably knew of a Jewish community in Egypt.  Joseph would have known the Essenes since about four thousand of them lived in the area of Nazareth and since Mary’s mother, St. Ann, was an Essene.  Thus Joseph would have known about the Therapeutae who were in Egypt and were related to the Essenes.  He probably joined their community in Egypt when they traveled. 

 The Therapeutae are a branch of the Essenes, both of who’s name’s are related to healing.  In the Greek ‘Esseion’, assaya, which means or implies physician.  Luke was known as a physician and the question could be raised, was he related to or an Essene?  Both the Essenes and the Therapeutae were deeply involved in the healing arts and highly skilled in the medicine of their time period.  Back in those times they used herbs, mud packs, fasting, a healthy diet and medical stones.

 Jesus was brought up around the Therapeutae in Egypt who were physicians and deeply into the healing arts.  Thus Jesus first learned the art of healing from the Therapeutae in Egypt and later, probably from the Essenes and others around him.  Jesus, as a human, had to learn about healing from someone; it wasn’t just miraculously
infused into him all of a sudden.  He learned about these things and, most likely, practiced them before beginning his public ministry.

 Joseph would have brought Jesus up as a carpenter.  The father teaching the son a trade is part of the Jewish tradition.  As a youth and a teenager Jesus probably did carpentry as a trade.  Then probably some time in his twenties Jesus shifted vocations and started being a physician, a healer of body and soul.  This would explain why so many people came to him for healing during his ministry.  Because before his ministry he was known as a physician, a healer.  

 Nowhere in the New Testament does Jesus refer to himself as a carpenter.  Origen, an early Church Father asserts that Jesus was not a carpenter, “...that in none of the Gospels current in the Churches is Jesus Himself ever described as being a carpenter.” 

 Ancient copies of Mark which render chapter 6:3 as “Is not this the son of the carpenter and Mary, the Brother of James and Joseph and Judas and Simon?”   Modern versions use the rendition: “Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James...”   No other verse in the New Testament corroborates this usage of Jesus as a carpenter as a vocation. 

 Jesus would have helped his father and worked as a carpenter when young, before venturing out on his own.  But when Jesus is seen speaking for himself, he refers to himself as a physician.  “He said to them, ‘No doubt you will quote the proverb to me, “Physician heal yourself!” and say, “Do here in your own country the things we have heard you have done in Capernaum.”        Lk 4:23 

 A person does not quote the proverb, “Physician, heal yourself” to a carpenter.  One quotes it to a physician and only to a physician.  From the Gospels it is clear that Jesus spent about 20 to 30 percent, or more, of his time healing people.  He acted like, looked like and expected people to treat him like he was a physician.
Some of the cures that Jesus performed were clearly related to the Essenes/Therapeutae, such as the laying on of hands or the putting mud in the eyes of the blind man. 

 The following quotation shows that Jesus viewed himself as a physician, and therefore, makes the analogy that those ill with physical ailments seeking out a practitioner who cures the sick are identical with those who sin needing a similar curing intermediary for their salvation. 

 “As he sat at table in his house, many tax collectors and sinners were sitting with Jesus and his disciples; for there were many who followed him.  And the scribes of the Pharisees, when they saw that he was eating with sinners and tax collectors, said to his disciples, ‘Why does he eat with tax collectors and sinners?’  And when Jesus heard it, he said to them, ‘Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick: I came not to call the righteous, but sinners.”    Mk 2:15-17 

 A physician (Charles Vaclavik, M.D.) explaining this text gives his insight.  “We might note here that Jesus refers to himself as a physician and responds to the Scribes of the Pharisees as if they knew that he was a physician.  If he were a carpenter, he would have been unable to give the analogy that sinners had gathered around him as the sick congregate about a physician.   He might have used an analogy of building a new house for the repenting sinner, or some similar metaphor, but using the physician analogy was limited to a person who was well known as a physician.” 

 Of course, Jesus’ healing ability as a physician came partly from his learning the wisdom of the ancients in the healing arts, as a human being he would have had to learn about healing like everyone else, to study and practice it.  His healing powers also transcended the limitations of the earthly physician.  Fasting and diet were some of the main tools of physicians back in Biblical times and Jesus would have known the healing power of a fast or of a vegetarian diet,
free of the kings’ delicacies (junk foods).  Diet and fasting were two main ways to heal people back in ancient times, and still today.  A healing diet today (as back then) is the raw vegan diet, strict vegetarian.    Jesus, as a physician, probably helped other people on a fast and was thus very experienced in fasting when he went out into the desert for his forty day fast. 

 Jesus, as the Divine Physician, knew the healing properties and uses of foods.  But food heals in a very slow way whereas modern drugs out today heal much faster.  Both food and drugs are on a macro-molecular level of healing, they do their work in the arena of biochemistry.  The science of Homeopathy has been around for over 200 years and works on a sub-atomic energy level, a much deeper level of man’s being.  Homeopathy is widely accepted in Europe.

 A new understanding of healing and diet is coming about where matter is an expression of energy, it is sometimes called, vibrational medicine.  Dr. Richard Gerber, M.D., points out in his book, Vibrational Medicine that,  “The current practice of medicine is based upon the Newtonian model of reality.  This model is primarily a viewpoint which sees the world as an intricate mechanism.  Doctors conceptualize the body as a type of grand machine which is controlled by the brain and peripheral nervous system: the ultimate biological computer.  But are human beings really glorified machines?  Or are they complex biological mechanisms which are in dynamic interplay with a series of interpenetrating vital energy fields?
 The Einsteinian paradigm as applied to vibrational medicine sees human beings as networks of complex energy fields that interface with physical/cellular systems.  Vibrational medicine uses specialized forms of energy to positively affect those energetic systems that may be our of balance due to disease states.  By re-balancing the energy fields that help to regulate cellular physiology, vibrational healers attempt to restore order form a higher level of
human functioning.” 

 There are many different therapies that are based on this energy or vibrational model of healing including: laying on of hands, acupuncture, homeopathy, polarity therapy, meditation, flower remedies, and others.  Homeopathy is one of the best examples of how vibrational energy can by used as a modality of healing.  When we look at the writings of the Essenes and the Therapeutae, they used some healing methods that could fall into this category of vibrational medicine, for example: putting precious stones on people’s body where the problem is; putting mud in people’s eyes; laying hands on people.  Jesus would have been familiar with these methods of healing as a Physician.  Thus Jesus put mud in the blind man’s eyes to heal him, after laying hands on the blind man which did not work!  His first method did not work, so he tried a second method which did work.  This is a medical activity that a physician would normally do.   
 Homeopathy started in the 1800's with Samuel Hahnemann, M.D. and he coined the phrase, “let likes be cured by likes.”   This described that substances in small doses stimulate the organisms to heal.  The remedies are distilled to the smaller and smaller concentrations of the actual substance. Homeopathy comes from the Greek, homoios, for “similar,’ and pathos, for “suffering” or “disease.”   Stephen Cummings, M.D., notes how, “The law of similars has been used throughout history and throughout the world, both in and out of health care.”  
 As a physician, full of the gifts of  Wisdom and Knowledge, Jesus would have known about these principles used in homeopathy and other methods.  Perhaps with this advanced knowledge Jesus came up with the Eucharist as a healing food for the soul (which works on the sub-atomic energy level).  The Eucharist is the smallest concentration possible of the precious body and blood and their healing power within.
 A raw vegan diet is a healing diet. People are healed of degenerative diseases and other ailments on a healing diet.  And the Eucharist is the greatest healing and heals people at the depths of their being: body, soul and spirit.  That is why there are so many healing’s and miracles that come from the Eucharist over the centuries and continue to this day. 

 He established the Eucharist as the ultimate healing for humans.  It has the healing ability in everyone’s soul who partakes of the Divine Food in the Holy Eucharist.  But this Divine Food was not introduced until the last supper, thus for over a decade before that Jesus was a Physician.  As a healer;  diet and fasting would have been part of his work.

 The scripture that Jesus would have recited three times a day was the Shelma: “Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord alone!  Therefore, you shall love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength (body).”  Deut 6.5   Jesus, being full of wisdom, would have known that a vegetarian diet was the best way to take care of the body.  Both Jesus the human and his vocation as the Messiah would have been part of his decision not to eat meat. 
 Life comes in two forms; human life and divine life.  Food also comes in two ways, human and Sanctified.  Jesus raised food up to the Divine Level by the institution of the Eucharist; the Blessed Bread and Wine at the Last Supper.   “Anyone who does eat my flesh and drink my blood has eternal life, and I shall raise him up on the last day.  For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink.  He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood lives in me and I live in him.”   Jn 6:54-56 

39.   The Virgin Mary’s Vegetarian Orientation

 Did Jesus and Mary abide by the natural laws of nature or did they reject the natural laws of nature?   Humans who eat meat are rejecting the natural laws since the human organism is not designed for eating meat.  In order to be fully human, which Jesus and Mary were, they would have had to abide by the natural laws of nature. 

 There is a difference between the Natural Laws of Nature and the Jewish Dietary Laws of the Hebrew Scriptures.  The Jewish dietary laws of Kosher should be in compliance with the natural laws of nature, God gave the Jews the dietary laws to help the Jews be healthier.  

 Many artists throughout history have painted beautiful pictures of Mary.  Perhaps in this age of science we can finally paint a scientific understanding of Mary as a woman, with a physiology and anatomy like all other humans.  Of course since this is true, then the way that her physiological system responded to diet and fasting back then is similar, if not the same, today.
 What about Mary?  Was she beautiful and clean inwardly, physiologically?  Or were her arteries corroded, her nerves in knots, her liver and kidneys clogged up, the walls of her colon all coated, her blood contaminated and other physiological problems?   Often times in the process of ageing, those people who have a beautiful and clean interior keep a beautiful exterior.  Their skin does not wrinkle up and become cluttered with molds and other ageing spots.  What about the Virgin Mary?  

 If Mary had physical beauty, not just in her youth but, throughout her whole life, her dietary lifestyle would have contributed towards her beauty.  And the dietary lifestyle that would have upheld her beauty the longest and strongest would have been a vegetarian dietary lifestyle with fasting.  This concept of Physical
Beauty through diet will be continued to the next level in the next section of this work. 

 People who were vegetarians or partial vegetarians would have done very little cooking and eaten a lot of their produce raw and uncooked.  The cooking done would have been breads, soups, porridge, which are usually prepared at lower heats.  Back in Biblical times they did not have all the stoves or cooking appliances that we have today.  They were simple in their needs using a fireplace and a small brick or stone oven for making breads.  Thus, they would have done very little cooking to start with.

 In Israel little cooking would be desirable because of the constant warm temperatures all year round.  People like the Essenes and Therapeautes, would have done little cooking because of their medical knowledge of plants and using foods for healing.  They would have known that cooking minimizes or destroys the healing effects of herbs and plants.

 Another name of Mary is the Aramaic term, ‘Mulkie’ which means ‘Mary’.  Mulkie also has another meaning, ‘a kosher woman’ or ‘a woman who has a kosher kitchen’.   Thus one of the meanings of the Virgin Mary’s name (which she would have known) meant, a woman with a kosher kitchen and she would have tried to live up to it.

 Two thousand years ago the Holy Land was a land flowing with milk and honey, it was part of the fertile crescent that made it a literal Garden of Eden.  Lush vegetation was in the fertile valleys in biblical times but since then numerous climatic occurrences and human activities have changed the environment.   We can get a glimpse of the land of the bible in Deuteronomy 8.7,8: “For the Lord thy God brings thee into a good land, a land of brooks, of water, of fountains with depths that spring out of valleys and hills; a land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates: a land of oil, of olives, and honey.”  
 “The Holy Land was a part of the fertile crescent, one of the earliest centers of civilization.  As few as fifteen thousand years ago, scientists estimate, the Holy Land was indeed a literal Garden of Eden, a land of milk and honey.  Lush vegetation abounded and the fertile valleys, wooded mountains, and tropical oases provided abundant sustenance for those who lived there.  As Moses led the children of Israel in their flight from bondage in Egypt through the wilderness, their goal was the Promised Land.  Even then the land abounded in plenty.  Times and events that have transpired since have unfortunately greatly altered the look of the land.” 

 Honey is sweet like the sweet flavor of fruits and vegetables.  The Latin word “frui”, gives the English word “fruit” and means to “enjoy.”  “Eat honey, my son, since it is good; and the honeycomb, which is sweet to thy taste.”   Pr 24:13.  The health value of honey is related in texts such as:  “Pleasant words are as a honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones.”  Pr 16:24.   

 Some fruits and vegetables that would have been found in Biblical days were: apples (Sg 2.5); apricots (Sg 7.8); dates (1 Kg 6.29, 32); figs (Gn 3.7); raisins (1 Sam 25.18); melons (Nu 11.5); olives (Gn 8.11); pomegranates - Moses told of the promised land where grew “vines and fig trees, and pomegranates.” (Deut 8.8).  Carob or carob pods were referred to as husks (Lk 15.16). 

 Grapes are the first plant the Bible mentions as being under cultivation.  After the flood, “Noah began to be a husbandman, and he planted a vineyard...”  (Gn 9.20).  During the 215 years of Hebrew captivity in Egypt the Jews became very familiar with grapes and grew grapes and made wine.  The Virgin Mary probably had some grape vines which made Jesus very familiar with them and he later called himself “the true vine.”  (Jn 15.1)  

 Grains and nuts and breads are also found in many places in the Bible, such as: almonds (Num 17.8); lentils (Gen 25.33-34);
cucumbers (Nu 11.5); dandelion greens and   endives were considered to be the “bitter herbs” called for in the Passover meal (Ex 12.8; Nu 9.11); onions (Nu 11.5);   When the Lord delivered Israel he brought them to, “A land of wheat, and barley, and vines and fig trees and pomegranates...”  Deut 8.8. 

 The Bible speaks of oiled bread (Lev 8.26), barley bread (Jdg 7.13) and bread made from a mixture of grains (Ezk 4.9) and there is even a reference to the Pharaoh’s “chief baker.”  (Gen 40.16).  The most famous biblical bread which is also a complete protein is referred to in Ezekiel 4.9: “...take wheat and barley, beans and lentils, millet and spealt, and put them into a single vessel and make bread of them.”  Thus God gave nutritional instructions here. 

 Translators sometimes used the word “corn” in place of “wheat” or “grain” but corn is usually believed to be native to the America’s.  Bulgur was wheat boiled then sun dried to preserve it in storage.  The thorns and thistles of Gn 3.18 are thought to be artichokes and cardoons. 

 Soups and chowders were probably a common food and also a good nutritional food since many of the vitamins and minerals would still be in the soup.  To these foods and soups - sweets, spices and seasonings would have been added such as: bay leaves (Ps 37.35); cinnamon (Ex 30.23); cinnamon along with myrrh and frankincense which were sweet smelling (Pr 7.17; Sg 4.14); coriander seeds and honey (Ex 16.31; Nu 11.7); cumin (Is 28.27); mint and dill (Mt 23.23); garlic (Nu 11.5); honey (Ps 119.102); mustard (Mk 4.31); olive oil (Pr 27.9); salt (Lev 2.13); sugarcane (Is 43.24); vinegar (Pr 10.26; Mk 15.36); wine (Nu 15.7; Eph 6.18).    

 “It is no surprise to find plentiful references of the use of figs, dates, and grapes in the Palestinian evidence, from the Gospels to the rabbinic literature.   Figs were widely cultivated in the West also, but Roman demand necessitated imports.     Dates were known fresh only in the East and in Africa, and were accordingly expensive, the
preserve of the rich, except on special occasions.     Grapes were of real importance, often in the form of wine.  All of these would have been more familiar in dried and other preserved forms.  Apples, pears, plums, quinces, and pomegranates feature prominently in sources dealing with the Roman diet.”  
 There is other evidence, besides biblical evidence, of documents on cooking and foods in Egypt, Palestine, Babylonia and other ancient countries, as well as Greece and Rome.   In the  Archaeological digs there is also information about foods in ancient times.  This ‘fertile crescent’ was chosen by God for his people and they ate a healthy diet in this land.  It would have been very easy to be a vegetarian back in those times in this land.

 Mary would have prepared many meals with very little cooking and they would have eaten many fruits and vegetables.  Mary, the Lady of Wisdom and Prudence, would have prepared these healthy meals all her life and thus the apostle John when in charge of her at the end of her life, may have been inspired to write:  “Beloved I hope you are in good health - may you thrive in all other ways as you do in the spirit.” 3 Jn 2.   

40.  A Mystic on Jesus & Mary’s Vegetarianism

 The Venerable Ann Catherine Emmerick was a peasant girl born of devout and poor parents on a farm in Westphalia, Germany in 1774.  She received little education, worked on a farm, and became a seamstress.  At age 28, she entered the Augustinian convent a few miles from where she lived.   Shortly before receiving her vows, she received the visible stigmata of the bleeding Crown of Thorns on her forehead and a few months after her vows, the rest of the wounds of the passion on her hands feet and side.  She gradually lost the power to eat food and she rarely slept. 

 A leading literary figure of that day in Germany, the poet, Clemens Brentano visited her and grasped the importance of her visions.  He obtained permission and for the next five years he worked at keeping a record of her experiences, from 1818 until her death in 1824.  The extensive records in his Journals were published as several volumes on the life of Christ.   
 Following are exerpts on the life of Mary from these records.  The exerpts are primarily on the Essenes and on foods and eating in these visions.   These reveal some very interesting and informative information on Mary’s dietary orientation.  After most of the paragraphs quoted, I have given a few comments on the visions. 

 “The ancestors of St. Anne were Essenians.  These extraordinarily pious people were descended from those priests who in the time of Moses and Aaron carried the Ark, and who received precise rules in the days of Isaias and Jeremias.  They were not numerous in the beginning.  Later on in Palestine, they lived in communities occupying a tract about forty-eight miles long and thirty-six wide. Some time after, they migrated to the region of the Jordon where they dwelt chiefly on Mount Horeb and on Mount Carmel.”    
 Comment:  A German mile is equivalent to four and one-half English miles. 

 “I saw that they went three times every year to the Temple of Jerusalem.  They had among them priests, whose special care was the preservation of the sacred vestments; they cleaned them and prepared new ones, to the purchase of which they had contributed.  I saw these people engaged in agriculture, in cattle raising, and especially in gardening.  That part of Mt. Horeb which lay around their cells was covered with gardens and fruit trees.”    
 Comment:  In biblical times meat was eaten, perhaps three times a month at most, for those who may have eaten meat.  Extensive  agriculture, gardens and fruit trees indicated that their diet was primarily vegetarian.

 “In Jerusalem, they had a special dwelling-place, also a particular part of the Temple assigned to them.  They were objects of dislike to the other Jews.  I saw them sending offerings to the Temple for sacrifice, huge bunches of grapes that two men carried between them on a pole, and lambs.  But these lambs were not slaughtered; they were allowed to run.  I never saw them bringing offerings for slaughter.  Before going up to the Temple, they prepared themselves by prayer, rigid fasting, disciplines, and other penitential exercises.”    
 Comment:  Several points should be noted here: they grew a lot of grapes, they did not sacrifice animals and they did fasting as part of their penitential activities. 

 “I saw them gathering herbs and preparing teas.  They healed the sick by the imposition of hands, or by stretching themselves upon them with extended arms.  I saw them also exerting their healing power at a distance.  If a sick person could not go himself to the Essenians, he sent to them another as his representative.  All that would have been done for the sick person himself had he really been present, was done for his representative, and the sick man was cured at the same hour.”     
 Comment:  In order to use herbs and teas for healing indicates an advanced knowledge of plants and their healing properties.   Anyone familiar with the charismatic renewal will notice similar practices used in the healing ministry and also in the early Christians.

 “Anne’s grandfather, an Essenian, was before his marriage called Stolanus;.. She married Stolanus upon the advice of Archos, the Prophet, who was the Superior of the Essenians for about ninety years.  He was a very holy man with whom counsel was always taken by those intending to enter upon the married state, that they might make a good choice.”     
 Comment:  If the Superior was the Superior for 90 years then he was at least 120 years old, an age totally possible on the right type of diet and an age that confirms the age scripture says humans should
live to be after the flood.  He probably became a superior in his late 20's or early 30's and was so for the next 90 years.

 “Joachim and Anne lived with Eliud, Anne’s father.  There reigned throughout his household the severe usages and discipline of the Essenians.  The house lay in the environs of Sephoris.  It formed one of a group of houses of which it was the largest.  Here Joachim and Ann dwelt seven years.”    They lived with Anne’s father about seven years then moved into their own place provided by her father and they even had servants.  “For nineteen years and five months after the birth of this first child, Joachim and Anne were childless.  They live in continued prayer and sacrifice, in mortification and continency.”       

 At an early age the child Mary was brought to the Temple for Mary’s presentation to the Priests to become a virgin in the Temple.  “The priests now put to the child all sorts of questions relative to the discipline enforced in the Temple.  Among other things, they said to her: ‘Thy parents, having promised thee to the Temple, have made a vow that thou shouldst drink no wine nor vinegar, shouldst eat no grapes nor figs.  Now what wilt thou add to this vow?   Think upon this during thy meal.’  The Jewish people, and especially the young maidens were accustomed to drink vinegar.  Mary too was fond of it.  On these and similar things, was she interrogated.” 

 “In this festive attire, Mary was placed upon the steps before the altar, the little girls at her side.  She now repeated her resolve to abstain from flesh, fish and milk, to make use of only a certain drink prepared from the pith of a reed soaked in water.  This was much used by the poor of Palestine, just as here in our own country rice or barley water is drunk by them.  To this beverage, Mary proposed to add occasionally some terebinthine juice.  This juice is like a white, viscid oil and is very refreshing, though not in the same degree as balsam.  Mary expressed her resolution to refrain also from spices and fruits, with the exception of a kind of yellow berry that grows in bunches.  I know them well.  Children and poor people eat them in
that country.  She said also that she would lie on the bare ground and nightly rise three times to pray.  The other maidens rose
but once.” 

 Comment:  This was quoted at length because of its importance.  Mary “repeated her resolve to abstain from flesh, fish and milk.”  She would have had to have learned this from her mother and father.  They were brought up in the strict Essene tradition.  The diet that abstains from flesh, fish and milk is a vegan diet.  Obviously the dangers of flesh, fish and milk were pointed out to her as a child for her to be able to repeat this!   Another important statement is her “resolution to refrain also from spices and fruits,” since a raw vegan diet that is a healing diet stays away from spices and some of the sweeter fruits.  These can aggravate a symptom and a healing diet is very bland to allow the body heal itself.    

 Finally it needs to be noted that the Priests replied that “she should be like the others” and they laid down other “milder conditions for her.”   Mary in her childlike innocence, intuitively  knew what was best in eating food (or perhaps she was taught this by her Essene family) but the priest (either Sadduces or Pharisees)  thought it too strict and commended her to eat their way, which she obeyed.   

 After Mary left the Temple years later she became engaged to Joseph and Ann had prepared a little house for Joseph and Mary.  “I afterward saw Joseph and Mary in the house of Nazareth.  Joseph had a separate apartment in the front of the house, a three-cornered chamber this side of the kitchen.  Both Mary and Joseph were timid and reserved in each other’s presence.  There were very quiet and prayerful.

 “Mary and Joseph had, properly speaking, no regular housekeeping affairs; they received from Anne all that they needed.  I saw Mary spinning and sewing too, but yet with wide stitches.  The clothes then worn had not many seams and they were entirely in strips.  I saw her embroidering also, and with little white sticks knitting or working.  The cooking she did was very simple and, while it was going on, the bread was baking in the ashes.  They used sheep’s milk, and of meat generally pigeons only.”     

 With all the produce they had there was probably little cooking since much of the vegetables would have been eaten raw.  Sheep’s milk is probably like goats milk, which is very close in comparison to mother’s milk.  Cow’s milk is much different and designed to bring a calf from its birth weight of about 90 lbs. to its full grown weight of about 1,500 pounds.  Cows milk is not that healthy for humans.  Here it mentions that she ate pigeons which are poultry. 

 At the Annunciation, Joseph was away on a trip and Mary was in her house at Nazareth with Ann and two others.  “Toward evening, they all prayed standing around a circular stool from which they afterward ate vegetables that had been served.”     Later Mary went to her room and prayed a long time, then the angel Gabriel appeared to her. 

 At Mary’s Visitation to Elizabeth, Joseph accompanied her, after reciting the Magnificat spoken by Elizabeth, Anne Catherine Emmerick stated:  “I saw Joseph and Zachary still together.  They were conversing by means of the tablet, and always about the coming of the Messiah.  Zachary was a tall, handsome old man clothed like a priest.  He and Joseph sat together at the side of the house that opened on the garden, in which Mary and Elizabeth were now sitting on a rug under a high, spreading tree.  Behind the tree was a fountain from which gushed water when a spigot was pressed.  I saw grass and flowers around, the trees bearing little, yellow plums.  Mary and Elizabeth were eating rolls and small fruits out of Joseph’s traveling pouch.  What touching simplicity and moderation!  Two maids and two men-servants were in the house.  They prepared a table under the tree, Joseph and Zachary came out and ate something.

 “Zachary took Joseph on the following day to another garden at some distance from the house.  He was in all things most exact and methodical.  This second garden was set out with beautiful bushes and trees full of fruit. In the center was an avenue of trees, and at the end of it a small house whose entrance was on the side.”    

 “When the Sabbath was over, I saw them eating again for the first time.  They took their repast together under the trees in the garden near the house.   They ate green leaves previously dipped into something, and sucked little bunches of herbs which too had been soaked.  There were little bowls of small fruits on the table and other dishes, from which they partook of something with brown, transparent spatulas, it may have been honey that they were eating with horn spatulas.  There were also little rolls, and I saw them eating them.”    

 At the birth of Jesus in the cave various people came to see the child.  “And now came in three aged female Essenians, who were cordially welcomed, though Mary did not rise.  They brought quite a number of presents: small fruits, birds with red, awl-shaped beaks as large a ducks, which they carried by the wings, oval rolls about an inch in thickness, some linen, and other stuff.  All were received with rare humility and gratitude.”    

 “The numerous eatables presented by the shepherds, were either given to the poor or handed around for the entertainment of others.  The birds were hung on a spit before the fire, turned from time to time, and sprinkled with the flour of a reed-like plant very plentiful around Bethlehem and Hebron.  From its grain a shining, white jelly was prepared and cakes baked .  I saw under the fireplace very hot and clean holes in which birds could be roasted.”   

 “There lived in Nazareth an Essenian family related to Joachim.  They had four sons, a few years older or younger than Jesus, named respectively, Cleophas, James, Judas, and Japhet.
They, too, were playmates of Jesus, and with their parents were in the habit of making the journey to the Temple along with the Holy Family.  These four brothers became, at the time of Jesus’ baptism, disciples of John, and after his murder, disciples of Jesus.”   

 Two important things need to be noticed here.  First Mary and Joseph were close friends with an Essenian family related to Joachim.  And second that the sons who were brought up as Essenes became disciples of Jesus.  Thus their Essenian dietary orientation which would have been kosher and partly or totally vegetarian, which would have been part of the early Christian community at Jerusalem.  This community was strongly kosher and partially vegetarian.

 After returning from the Temple of Jerusalem at the age of twelve, Jesus spoke to the scholars and priests at length, (three hours according to Emmerick,) and there follows a celebration.  “When Jesus had returned to Nazareth, I saw a feast in Anne’s house, at which were gathered all youths and maidens among their friends and relatives.  I know not whether it was a feast of rejoicing at Jesus’ having been found, a feast solemnized upon the return from the Paschal journey, or a feast customary upon the completion of a son’s twelfth year.  What ever it may have been, Jesus appeared to be the object of it.   Beautiful bowers were erected over the table, from which hung garlands of vine leaves and ears of corn.  The children were served with grapes and little rolls.  There were present at this feast thirty-three boys, all future disciples of Jesus.”     
 Comment:  They eat a lot of fruits, which seem to appear in every scene mentioning food. 

    In Emmerick’s visions, when Jesus begins his public teachings he is on his way to Hebron.  “The meadows were covered with very high, thick grass, and on the declivity stood the houses and tents between rows of fig-trees, date-palms, and orange-trees.  The road was crowded, for a kind of national feast was going on.  Men and women in separate groups were playing for wagers, the prize consisting of fruit.  There Jesus saw Nathanael, called also Chased,
standing among the men under a fig-tree. ”    

 Notice how well laid out their orchards are and here there are figs, dates and oranges.  There seems to be an abundance of fruits and fruit trees reminiscent of the
Garden of Eden. 

 A book on mystics that complied several mystics writings  has a few quotes that are worthy of mentioning.  Unfortunately he doesn’t quote which of the mystic it is speaking in the writings: Venerable Ann Catherine Emmerick; Venerable Mary of Agreda; St. Bridget of Sweden; St. Elizabeth of Schoenau.  
 “Mary’s outer garments were of a gray color.  Underneath she wore a cotton tunic.  Nothing that she wore ever became soiled or worn, and she always kept herself immaculately clean.  She ate very sparingly and took no meat, though she prepared it for Joseph.   She usually ate cooked vegetables and bread, fruit and fish.”    

 An important apparition worth mentioning is Medjugorje.   At Medjugorje (formerly part of Yugoslavia) apparitions of Mary the Mother of Jesus have been occurring since 1981, to six children.  These apparitions on the Virgin Mary have continued over the years to the present year 2,003.  Even though the children have grown up and married, a few still receive messages from Our Lady.   Millions of people have visited Medjugorje and many healing’s and miracles have occurred there.   Many conversions, have also occurred at Medjugorje.  Thus, there is a lot of validity and authenticity that can be applied to these apparitions. 
 One of the main messages that has been repeated over the years is fasting.  The Virgin Mary has emphasized fasting in this apparition, over a twenty year period probably more then all the others put together.  The main messages to the children has been to pray, fast, seek peace, read the bible and reconciliation. 
Fasting, in scriptures, is a major emphasis.   “But now, now - it is Yahweh who speaks - come back to me with all your heart, fasting, weeping and mourning.”     Joel 2:12

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